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Fagopyrum esculentum2.jpg
Fagopyrum esculentum
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Polygonaceae
Subfamily: Polygonoideae
Genus: Fagopyrum

15-16, including:[1]

The genus Fagopyrum is in the flowering plant family Polygonaceae.


Fagopyrum contains 15 to 16 species of plants, including two important crop plants, buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum), and Tartary buckwheat (or Fagopyrum tataricum). The two have similar uses, and are classed as pseudocereals, because they are used in the same way as cereals but do not belong to the grass family Poaceae.

Within Fagopyrum, the cultivated species are in the Cymosum group, including Fagopyrum dibotrys or perennial buckwheat (formerly Fagopyrum cymosum),[2] Fagopyrum giganteum, and Fagopyrum homotropicum.[3]

This genus has five-petaled flowers arranged in a compound raceme that produces laterally flowered cymose clusters.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of all Plant Species".
  2. ^ PFAF Plant Database: Fagopyrum dibotrys (Perennial Buckwheat)
  3. ^ T. Sharma; S. Jana (2002). "Species relationships in Fagopyrum revealed by PCR-based DNA fingerprinting". Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 105 (2–3): 306–312. doi:10.1007/s00122-002-0938-9. PMID 12582533.
  4. ^ M. Quinet; V. Cawoy; I Lefevre; F. Van Miegroet; A-L. Jaquemart; J.-M. Kinet. (2004). "Inflorescence structure and control of flowering time and duration by light in buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench)". Journal of Experimental Botany. 55 (402): 1509–1517. doi:10.1093/jxb/erh164. PMID 15208346.

External links[edit]