Fagraea

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Fagraea
Fagraea crenulata.JPG
Fagraea crenulata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Gentianaceae
Genus: Fagraea
Thunb.

Fagraea is a genus of plants in the family Gentianaceae.[1] It includes trees, shrubs, lianas, and epiphytes. They can be found in forests, swamps, and other habitat in Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands, with the center of diversity in Malesia.[2]

Many Fagraea species have a variety of human uses, particularly the wood and flowers. The flowers open in the evening and are often fragrant and bat-pollinated. They are so conspicuous they have roles in Polynesian mythology. They make the trees attractive as ornamental plantings. Some are used in leis. Fagraea auriculata produces a flower over 30 centimeters wide, one of the largest flowers of any plant in the world. Many species, especially the Malesian taxa, have valuable wood. It was used to carve tikis. Some have been used in traditional medicine, perfumery, and aromatherapy. The flowers are featured in the traditional artwork of various cultures.[2]

The fruits are food for many animals, including cassowaries, flying foxes, and civets.[2]

As of 2004 there were about 70 species.[2]

Fagraea racemosa Wallich, 19th century

Species include:[2][3]

Fagraea imperialis Miquel, A. Bernecker, ~1860

References[edit]