|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (June 2015)|
28 July 1946 |
Meerut, UP, British India
|Occupation||Urdu poet, writer|
|Literary movement||Progressive Writers Movement|
|Notable awards||Al-Muftah Award|
Fahmida Riaz (Urdu: فہمیدہ ریاض) is a Progressive Urdu writer, poet, and feminist of Pakistan. She is author of Godaavari, Khatt-e Marmuz, and Khana e Aab O Gil, the first translation of the Masnavi of Jalaluddin Rumi from Persian into Urdu. She has also translated the works of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai and Shaikh Ayaz from Sindhi to Urdu.
Fahmida Riaz was born on 28 July 1946 in a literary family of Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India. Her father, Riaz-ud-Din Ahmed, was an educationist, who had an influence in mapping and establishing the modern education system for Sindh. Her family settled in Hyderabad following her father's transfer to Sindh. She learned about Urdu and Sindhi literature in childhood, and later learnt Persian.
Her early life was marked by the loss of her father when she was just four years old. She had already been writing poetry at this young age. Her mother, Husna Begum, supported the family through entrepreneurial efforts until Riaz entered college, when she started work as a newscaster for Radio Pakistan. Her first poetry collection was written at this time.
Family and work
Riaz was persuaded by her family to enter into an arranged marriage after graduation from college, and spent a few years in the UK with her first husband before returning to Pakistan after a divorce. During this time she worked with the BBC Urdu service (Radio) and got a degree in film making. She has one daughter from this marriage.
She worked in an advertising agency in Karachi before starting her own Urdu publication Awaz. She met and married Zafar Ali Ujan, a leftist political worker and had two children with him. The liberal and politically charged content of Awaz drew the attention of the Zia regime and both Fahmida and Zafar were charged with multiple cases—the magazine shut down and Zafar was thrown in jail. Fahmida was bailed out by a fan of her works before she could be taken to jail and fled to India with her two small children and sister on the excuse of a Mushaira invitation. She had relatives in India and her husband later joined her there after his release from jail. The family spent almost seven years in exile before returning to Pakistan on the eve of Benazir Bhutto's wedding reception. During this time Riaz had been poet in residence for a university in Delhi.
Fahmida was appointed MD of the National Book Foundation during Benazir Bhutto's first tenure and was later persecuted by the first Nawaz Sharif government, labelled an Indian agent and made virtually unemployable because of this threat. She worked three simultaneous jobs to support the needs of her growing children at this time. In the second tenure of Benazir's government, she was given a post at the Quaed e Azam Academy. When Benazir's government toppled a second time, Riaz was again persona non grata for Islamabad.
Fahmida Riaz lost her son Kabeer in October 2007. He drowned while swimming with friends on a picnic. This was soon after Riaz had translated fifty of Rumi's poems from Persian into Urdu, dedicated to Shams Tabriz. She was MD on the Urdu Dictionary Board from 2000–11.
Riaz took part in social and political activities throughout her academic life. She spoke and wrote against the University Ordinance and the ban on the students' union during the Ayub Khan regime. She spent many years in exile in India in the 1980s during the dictatorship of General Zia ul Haq, living in Delhi and teaching at Jamia Millia Islamia. She enjoyed the patronage of the Indian Government. Her husband, an activist of Sindhi nationalism, had also accompanied her to India.
Her first poem was published in Funoon of Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi, when she was fifteen. Her first collection of poetry appeared at the age of 22.
- Pathar ki Zaban
- Khatt-e Marmuz
- Kya tum poora chand na dekho ge
- Gulabi kabotar
- Badan darida
- Aadmi ki zindagi
- Khule dareeche se
- Halqa meri zanjeer ka
- Adhoora aadmi
- Pakistan, literature and society
- Qafle parindon ke
- Ye Khana e Aab O Gil
- Hemmet Hellman Award for Resistance Literature from Human Rights Watch
- Al Muftah Award for Literature: Poetry
- Sheikh Ayaz Award for Literature: Poetry from Sindh Government
- Presidential Pride of Performance Award for Literature: Poetry
- Sitara -e- Imtiaz on 23 March 2010 by the President of Pakistan
- Fahmida Riaz honoured