In law, failure to appear consists of a defendant or respondent failing to appear at (or within) the stated time before a tribunal as directed in a summons. Where the conduct alleged in the summons or complaint is an infraction or summary offence, failure to appear is a process crime for which a bench-warrant can be issued if the defendant promised to appear. If the conduct alleged is a tort or other cause for civil action, failure to appear generally results in a default judgment by the court in favor of the plaintiff/petitioner.
In the United States
Failure to appear in U.S. federal law is an offense punishable by a prison term, depending on the seriousness of the offense the person is being sentenced for:
|Offense of conviction
||Maximum prison term for failure to appear for sentencing
|An offense punishable by death, life imprisonment, or imprisonment for a term of 15 years or more
|An offense punishable by imprisonment for a term of five years or more
|Any other felony