Little is known about the history of the variety, other than that it originated in the Panama Canal Zone during the early 1900s. The fruit was named after the family of Dr. David Fairchild, who had taken a liking to the variety. It was first brought to the United States through Hawaii in 1926, then introduced to Florida in 1936 by Dr. David Fairchild. While it grew in popularity in Hawaii, specimens in Florida collections were lost over time and it was not re-introduced to the state until 1992 by Dr. Carl Campbell, who brought Fairchild to the Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden in Coral Gables, Florida from Honduras.
The characteristics of the Fairchild mango suggest it is of Indo-Chinese origin, however the fruit contains a monoembryonic seed, which is unusual for mangoes from that line. This suggests that the Fairchild is possibly some sort of hybrid of Indo-Chinese and Indian cultivars.
Fairchild is grown on a limited commercial basis in Hawaii and Panama, and has seen some commercial plantings in Florida as well. While the fruit lacks the color desired of some major commercial mango cultivars such as Tommy Atkins, it possesses qualities that give it potential for wider commercial adaptation. These include flavor, excellent production, and very good disease resistance.
The fruit is small, typically less than a pound in weight, with an oblong-ovoid shape and lacking any beak. The fruit ripens to yellow from green, and lacks any red blush. It has dark yellow and juicy flesh, which is fiberless and has a rich and aromatic flavor and contains a monoembryonic seed. It usually ripens from June to July in Florida.
While the tree tends to be a vigorous grower it can be maintained at under 8 feet in height, leading to its characterization as a "condo mango".
Emerald was selected in Pine Island, Florida due to its excellent eating qualities and heavy production. It was named a Curator's Choice mango for the 2010 mango festival at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden.
The fruit is an emerald-green color at maturity, sometimes developing a crimson blush when exposed to sun, averaging less than a pound in weight. The flesh is orange, fiberless, and has a rich flavour.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 June 2010. Retrieved 16 June 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Richard J. Campbell and Carl W. Campbell (1999). "The 'Fairchild' Mango" (PDF) (112). Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc: 220–221. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 August 2010. Cite journal requires
- http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/acc/display.pl?1598238 Archived 8 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network – (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 July 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 December 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Curator's Choice Mangos - 2010 Curator's Choice Selections". Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden. Archived from the original on 22 June 2010. Retrieved 16 June 2010.