Fairfax, South Dakota

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Fairfax, South Dakota
Town
Location in Gregory County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Gregory County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 43°1′41″N 98°53′23″W / 43.02806°N 98.88972°W / 43.02806; -98.88972Coordinates: 43°1′41″N 98°53′23″W / 43.02806°N 98.88972°W / 43.02806; -98.88972
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Gregory
Settled 1890[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 0.30 sq mi (0.78 km2)
 • Land 0.30 sq mi (0.78 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,949 ft (594 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 115
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 115
 • Density 383.3/sq mi (148.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 57335
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-20380[5]
GNIS feature ID 1254979[6]

Fairfax is a town in Gregory County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 115 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The first settlement at Fairfax was made around 1890.[7] A post office called Fairfax has been in operation since 1892.[8] It was named after Fairfax, Virginia, the former hometown of an early settler.[9]

Geography[edit]

Fairfax is located at 43°1′41″N 98°53′23″W / 43.02806°N 98.88972°W / 43.02806; -98.88972 (43.028069, -98.889639).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.30 square miles (0.78 km2), all of it land.[2]

Fairfax has been assigned the ZIP code 57335 and the FIPS place code 20380.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 500
1920 530 6.0%
1930 430 −18.9%
1940 338 −21.4%
1950 301 −10.9%
1960 253 −15.9%
1970 199 −21.3%
1980 225 13.1%
1990 144 −36.0%
2000 123 −14.6%
2010 115 −6.5%
Est. 2016 112 [11] −2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census,[3] there were 115 people, 63 households and 33 families residing in the town. The population density was 383.3 inhabitants per square mile (148.0/km2). There were 81 housing units at an average density of 270.0 per square mile (104.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.4% White, 1.7% African American, and 0.9% Native American.

There were 63 households of which 17.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.6% were non-families. 44.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.83 and the average family size was 2.52.

The median age was 52.5 years. 15.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 14.7% were from 25 to 44; 37.3% were from 45 to 64; and 28.7% were 65 years of age or older. The sex make-up of the town was 46.1% male and 53.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[5] there were 123 people, 63 households and 33 families residing in the town. The population density was 414.4 per square mile (158.3/km²). There were 76 housing units at an average density of 256.1 per square mile (97.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.75% White and 3.25% Native American.

There were 63 households of which 17.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.6% were non-families. 47.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 31.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.95 and the average family size was 2.82.

17.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 24, 17.9% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 35.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 52 years. For every 100 females there were 83.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.4 males.

The median household income was $19,844 and the median famiy income was $36,000. Males had a median income of $21,250 and females $21,250. The per capita income was $12,805. There were no families and 4.8% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 10.3% of those over 64.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1940). South Dakota place-names, v.1-3. University of South Dakota. p. 37. 
  8. ^ "Gregory County". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  9. ^ Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 70. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.