Fairfield County, Ohio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Fairfield, Ohio.
Fairfield County, Ohio
Fairfield County (Ohio) Courhouse.jpg
Fairfield County Courthouse
Seal of Fairfield County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Fairfield County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded December 9, 1800[1]
Named for the Fairfield area of Lancaster, Lancashire, UK
Seat Lancaster
Largest city Lancaster
Area
 • Total 509 sq mi (1,318 km2)
 • Land 504 sq mi (1,305 km2)
 • Water 4.2 sq mi (11 km2), 0.8%
Population
 • (2010) 146,156
 • Density 290/sq mi (112/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.fairfield.oh.us

Fairfield County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 146,156.[2] Its county seat is Lancaster.[3] Its name is a reference to the Fairfield area of the original Lancaster.[4]

Fairfield County is part of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Fairfield County originally encompassed all or parts of present day Knox, Hocking, Licking, Perry, and Pickaway counties.[5] Fairfield is a descriptive name referring to the beauty of their fields.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 509 square miles (1,320 km2), of which 504 square miles (1,310 km2) is land and 4.2 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) is water.[7]

Fairfield County sits just on the edge of Ohio's Appalachian region. While the once-glaciated northern portion of the county is fairly flat, as one travels south along U.S. 33 one can easily recognize the foothills of a mountainous region beginning around the village of Carroll. Although not officially part of the state or federal definition of Appalachia, certain areas of Fairfield County—particularly south of U.S. 22—bear a distinctly Appalachian feel in both physical geography and demographics.

The scenic Hocking Hills region lies immediately to the south, mostly in neighboring Hocking County. A large portion of Buckeye Lake is located in northeastern Fairfield County.

Mudhouse Mansion, an alleged haunted house, is located in the county, which is not torn down.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 11,361
1820 16,633 46.4%
1830 24,786 49.0%
1840 31,924 28.8%
1850 30,264 −5.2%
1860 30,538 0.9%
1870 31,138 2.0%
1880 34,284 10.1%
1890 33,939 −1.0%
1900 34,259 0.9%
1910 39,201 14.4%
1920 40,484 3.3%
1930 44,010 8.7%
1940 48,490 10.2%
1950 52,130 7.5%
1960 63,912 22.6%
1970 73,301 14.7%
1980 93,678 27.8%
1990 103,461 10.4%
2000 122,759 18.7%
2010 146,156 19.1%
Est. 2015 151,408 [8] 3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2010, there were 146,156 people, 54,310 households, and 39,846 families residing in the county. The population density was 289 people per square mile (111/km²). There were 58,678 housing units at an average density of 116 per square mile (44/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.02% White, 6.00% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.10% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 1.90% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 54,310 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 21.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,962, and the median income for a family was $55,539. Males had a median income of $39,566 versus $27,353 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,671. About 4.50% of families and 5.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.40% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 146,156 people, 54,310 households, and 39,846 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 289.8 inhabitants per square mile (111.9/km2). There were 58,687 housing units at an average density of 116.3 per square mile (44.9/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 90.2% white, 6.0% black or African American, 1.1% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.7% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 31.2% were German, 16.2% were Irish, 11.7% were English, 8.6% were American, and 5.2% were Italian.[16]

Of the 54,310 households, 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.6% were non-families, and 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 38.2 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $56,796 and the median income for a family was $65,835. Males had a median income of $49,314 versus $37,209 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,130. About 7.5% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[18]
Year Republican Democrat
2012 56.82% 41,034 41.39% 29,890
2008 57.63% 41,580 40.54% 29,250
2004 62.93% 42,715 36.51% 24,783
2000 61.97% 33,523 35.24% 19,065

Government[edit]

Seal of the Fairfield County Auditor

Roster of County Officials (as of December, 2013):

  • Commissioners: David L. Levacy (R), Steve Davis (R), Mike Kiger (R)
  • Prosecutor: Gregg Marx (R)
  • Sheriff: David Phalen (R)
  • Auditor: Jon A. Slater, Jr. (R)
  • Treasurer: Brian S. Kuhn, CPA (R)
  • Recorder: Gene Wood (R)
  • Clerk of Courts: Branden Meyer (R)
  • Engineer: Jeremiah Upp (R)
  • Coroner: Thomas R. Vajen (R)
  • Judge, Common Pleas Court: Chris Allan Martin (R)
  • Judge, Common Pleas Court: Richard Berens (R)
  • Judge, Common Pleas Court (General/Domestic Relations): Laura B. Smith (R)
  • Judge, Common Pleas Court (Juvenile/Probate): Terre L. Vandervoort (R)

Education[edit]

School districts[edit]

  • Amanda Clearcreek Local School District
  • Berne Union Local School District
  • Bloom-Carroll Local School District
  • Canal Winchester Local School District (Franklin & Fairfield)
  • Fairfield Union Local School District
  • Lancaster City Schools
  • Liberty Union-Thurston Local School District
  • Northern Local School District
  • Pickerington Local School District
  • Reynoldsburg Local School District
  • Southwest Local School District
  • Teays Valley Local School District (Almost entirely Pickaway)
  • Walnut Township Local School District

Elementary schools[edit]

  • St. Mary's School
  • St. Bernadette School
  • Mount Pleasant Elementary
  • Medill Elementary (housed at former East Elementary location during reconstruction)
  • Sanderson Elementary (to be closed upon completion of Medill Elementary reconstruction)
  • Tallmadge Elementary (housed at former West Elementary location during reconstruction)
  • Tarhe Trails Elementary
  • Gorsuch West Elementary

High schools[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of Fairfield County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Cedar Hill
  • Clearport
  • Colfax
  • Delmont
  • Drinkle
  • Dumontsville
  • Geneva
  • Greencastle
  • Hamburg
  • Havensport
  • Hooker
  • Horns Mill
  • Jefferson
  • Lockville
  • Marcy
  • New Salem
  • North Berne
  • Oakland
  • Oakthorpe
  • Revenge
  • Royalton
  • Waterloo

Source:[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Fairfield County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Fairfield County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  5. ^ Miller, Charles Christian (1912). History of Fairfield County, Ohio, and representative citizens. Chicago: Richmond-Arnold Publishing Company. p. 82. 
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 123. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  8. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  18. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2016-03-29. 
  19. ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°45′N 82°38′W / 39.75°N 82.63°W / 39.75; -82.63