Fairland, Oklahoma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fairland, Oklahoma
Town
Location within Ottawa County and the state of Oklahoma
Location within Ottawa County and the state of Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°45′1″N 94°50′54″W / 36.75028°N 94.84833°W / 36.75028; -94.84833Coordinates: 36°45′1″N 94°50′54″W / 36.75028°N 94.84833°W / 36.75028; -94.84833
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Ottawa
Area
 • Total 0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)
 • Land 0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 837 ft (255 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,025
 • Density 1,109.4/sq mi (428.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74343
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-24900[1]
GNIS feature ID 1092694[2]

Fairland is a town in southern Ottawa County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,057 at the 2010 U. S. Census, an increase from 1,025 at the 2000 census.]]. The incumbent Mayor is Charles Mathis, a long time resident.[3] Fairland is part of the Joplin, Missouri metropolitan area.

History[edit]

Fairland was laid out along the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway (Frisco) tracks that were laid from Missouri to Vinita in 1871. The town originally covered 225 acres and consisted of a few businesses and residences that had moved there from the Prairie Springs area.[a]

By the time Oklahoma became a state, Fairland was an active farming community. In 1912, the Missouri, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway, later the Kansas, Oklahoma and Gulf Railway (KO&G), constructed a track through Fairland that crossed the earlier Frisco line.[3]

Agriculture remained the mainstay of the local economy until the end of World War II. In 1945, B. F. Goodrich opened a tire manufacturing plant near Miami that became the major contributor to Fairland's economy. The town organized a volunteer fire department and built a sewer system about 1950. The Fairland School district absorbed several smaller districts.[b] However, KO&G abandoned and removed its tracks about the same time.[3]

The Goodrich plant closed permanently in February 1985. The loss to Fairland's economy was offset by the opening of several communities[c] on the shore of Grand Lake O' the Cherokees.[3]

The city water tower standing over Main Street in Fairland, Oklahoma

Geography[edit]

Fairland is located at 36°45′1″N 94°50′54″W / 36.75028°N 94.84833°W / 36.75028; -94.84833 (36.750185, -94.848203).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 499
1910 569 14.0%
1920 818 43.8%
1930 679 −17.0%
1940 786 15.8%
1950 699 −11.1%
1960 646 −7.6%
1970 814 26.0%
1980 1,073 31.8%
1990 916 −14.6%
2000 1,025 11.9%
2010 1,057 3.1%
Est. 2015 1,062 [5] 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,025 people, 415 households, and 292 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,109.4 people per square mile (430.2/km²). There were 452 housing units at an average density of 489.2 per square mile (189.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 71.80% White, 0.20% African American, 20.39% Native American, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 7.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.88% of the population.

There were 415 households out of which 32.3% had e age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $27,240, and the median income for a family was $28,885. Males had a median income of $28,155 versus $15,208 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,024. About 8.1% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Lloyd Kiva New (Cherokee, 1916–2002), fashion designer and co-founder of the Institute of American Indian Arts, was born in Fairland.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Prairie Springs was located further east, along the Grand River. It is now a ghost town.[3]
  2. ^ The districts absorbed were Aurora, Black, Sulphur Bend, Ogeechee, Hudson Creek, Lone Star, and parts of Iron Post and Osceola.
  3. ^ The communities included were Port Aspinwall, Wildcat Hollow, and Osage Hollow.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d e The current Mayor is Charles Mathis, a longtime resident Madaleen Montgomery Miller, "Fairland", Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Accessed March 17, 2015.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 

External links[edit]