Fairview, Dublin

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Fairview
Fionnradharc
Suburb
Fairview pictured from the pedestrian bridge, with the park located to the right
Fairview pictured from the pedestrian bridge, with the park located to the right
Fairview is located in Ireland
Fairview
Fairview
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°21′54″N 6°13′48″W / 53.365°N 6.23°W / 53.365; -6.23Coordinates: 53°21′54″N 6°13′48″W / 53.365°N 6.23°W / 53.365; -6.23
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyDublin
Local authorityDublin City Council
Elevation
4 m (13 ft)
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))

Fairview (Irish: Fionnradharc)[1] is a coastal suburb of Dublin in Ireland, in the jurisdiction of Dublin City Council. Part of the area forms Fairview Park, a recreational amenity laid-out on land reclaimed from the sea.

Location[edit]

Modern day Fairview is a popular inner suburb of Dublin that stretches north east from the Tolka River to Clontarf Rd DART Station along Fairview Park to the south, and along the redbrick Victorian part of Philipsburgh Ave to the North. It is bounded by Marino which was developed in 1924 in the area of Fairview on estate lands of Lord Charlemont. St Vincent's Hospital Fairview lands and Drumcondra are to the west.

Fairview is reached on a main road artery from Dublin city via North Strand, which continues on as the Malahide, Howth and Clontarf Roads. It is served by the Clontarf Road DART station. The area can also be reached by way of several Dublin Bus routes from the city centre, including 14, 15, 27/ABNX, 29A/N, 31/B, 32/ABX, 42/N, 43, 123, and 130. It is close to the segregated cycle path that goes from Clontarf to Sutton, which will be extended through Fairview to the city centre in 2021/2022.

Neighbouring districts include Marino to the north, North Strand and Ballybough to the west, East Wall to the southwest, and Clontarf to the east.[2]

Name and history[edit]

Fairview Strand street sign using Baile Bocht

Until the end of the 18th century, the area was known as Ballybough, with many street signs still giving the Irish name of the area as Baile Bocht. The parish of Fairview was created in 1879, when it was separated from Clontarf,[3] reputedly named for the local church, Our Lady of Fair View.[4]

During the dissolution, the Cistercian monastery[5] called St Mary's was given to Earl of Desmond. Around 1718, one of Dublin's earliest Jewish communities was established in the area, then known as Annadale.[6][7] The community left the area, moving to the south side of the city, in the late 1800s and early 1900s. On Fairview Strand, near Luke Kelly bridge, is Dublin's oldest Jewish Cemetery, Ballybough Cemetery. The graveyard was built in 1718, with a mortuary chapel added in 1857 and contains more than 200 graves. The last burial there was in 1958.[6] In 1787 the village was described as containing "very neat and elegant houses".[5]

From the end of the 1700s, industries were established in the area, in particular the manufacture of flint glass. A factory near Ballybough Bridge made glass for Dublin Castle, and Chebsey's glass house produced a chandelier for the Irish Houses of Parliament with 1233 glass pieces. The density of such factories resulted in Factory Lane, which is now Esmonde Avenue. Fairview began to grow after the building of Annesley Bridge in 1797 opened up easy access to the land.[6] Until 1797 there had been no crossing of the River Tolka below Ballybough Bridge.[5]

Administratively, Fairview and Marino were part of the old townland of Clonturk, which also included Drumcondra.[8]

Fairview Strand was formally known as Owen Roe Terrace and Philipsburgh Strand. Philipsburgh Avenue was called Ellison's or Ellis's Lane.[5][7] Annadale House was located in an estate that now comprises Melrose Avenue, Lomond Avenue, Waverly Avenue, and Inverness Road.[9] A number of Georgian houses have since be demolished including Mulberry Lodge, Pennyville, and Bushfield House. A Carmelite monastery once stood on Fairview Avenue, on the site of Fairview cinema.[5]

From 1832 to 1909, 89 Fairview Strand was an Royal Irish Constabulary Barracks and the now demolished Erlington House was home to Thomas Erlington, and later the opera singer Josephine O'Brien.[5] A burial area for those who died by suicide is thought to have been located at the boundary of Fairview and Ballybough, at the corner of Clonliffe Avenue and the Ballybough Road, and is cited as one of the inspirations for Bram Stoker's Dracula.[6]

Amenities[edit]

View from Fairview Park

The main commercial areas are Fairview, a busy road alongside Fairview Park, and Fairview Strand,[4] a narrower commercial and residential strip running from Edge's Corner around to Luke Kelly Bridge.

St Vincent's Hospital was founded by the Daughters of Charity in 1857. Located on the Richmond Road, it provides psychiatric services for the northeast quadrant of Dublin city.[10]

Parks[edit]

Fairview Park
Fairview 004.JPG
Fairview Park, Dublin
TypeUrban park
LocationFairview, Dublin
Coordinates53°21′42″N 6°13′56″W / 53.36167°N 6.23222°W / 53.36167; -6.23222
Area20 hectares (0.20 km2)
Created1934
Operated byOffice of Public Works
OpenAll year

Fairview Park (Irish: Páirc Fionnradharc) has playing fields, a children's playground and tree-lined walks. Originally a tidal mud flat which was used for land fill in the early 1900s, the park was developed in the late 1920s[11] and bye laws were formally adopted by Dublin Corporation in 1934. The Tolka River runs right past the park, Clontarf Road DART station is located near the park, and across the railway line there is a 400-metre athletics track and a Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann hall.

A memorial statue of Seán Russell was unveiled by Cumann Uaigheann Na Laochra Gael, in Fairview Park, September 1951. A new statue of him was erected in May 2009. The park also features a sculpture by Joe Moran, Family Unit 1.[11] Alongside a number of other sites, Fairview Park was considered as a location for the Garden of Remembrance in the early 1970s.[12]

On 19 March 1983, prior to the first Dublin Pride parade, a march was held from Liberty Hall to Fairview Park. This was in response to the murder of Declan Flynn and the resulting trial.[13]

Fairview Park was built on reclaimed land.[14][15] It was temporarily reduced in size during the 2000s, due to the development of the Dublin Port Tunnel, the entrance to which is just beyond the old park perimeter. The park has now been restored. It contains two small playgrounds and a larger playground which includes a skate park. The park also contained a band stand, which was removed during the construction of the Port Tunnel.[16]

The park contains several association football pitches. Both Sheriff Y.C. and Belvedere play home games in the park.[17][18]

A smaller park, Bram Stoker Park, is located in front of the Georgian terrace of Marino Crescent; both the park and the street are in a pocket of neighbouring Clontarf. Stoker was born in number 15 Marino Crescent.[19]

Public services[edit]

Fairview

A Garda Síochána station is located in nearby Clontarf and a Dublin Fire Brigade and ambulance station is located just across the Tolka, at Annesley Bridge. A credit union is located on Fairview Strand, and a Post Office on Marino Mart. Dublin City Libraries have a branch on the main road in Fairview.[20]

Education[edit]

Past pupils of St. Joseph's Secondary C.B.S., Fairview include former Taoiseach, Charles Haughey.[21] The secondary school Marino College is in nearby Marino. St. Marys national school for girls is close to Richmond Road.

Politics[edit]

Central Fairview

Fairview is in the administrative area of Dublin City Council. It lies in the Dublin North Central Dáil constituency and the Clontarf Local Electoral Area for city council elections. It is served by the Fairview Residents Association.

Religion[edit]

Fairview is a parish in the Fingal South East deanery of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dublin. It is served by the Church of Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary.[22] Fairview Hall is a Gospel Hall at 13 Annesley Bridge Road, and is part of the Gospel Hall Brethren local assembly.[23]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fairview Placenames Database of Ireland. retrieved: 2011-05-23.
  2. ^ Freeman, Michael (2017-12-08). "Your guide to Fairview and Marino: The 'garden city' minutes from the centre (with secret tunnels)". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  3. ^ Dawson, T. (1976). "The Road to Howth". Dublin Historical Record. 29 (4): 122–132. ISSN 0012-6861. JSTOR 30104383.
  4. ^ a b "Dublin Uncovered: Fairview". Dublin.ie. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Wren, James (1983). "From Ballybough to Scurlogue's Bridge". Dublin Historical Record. 37 (1): 14–29. ISSN 0012-6861. JSTOR 30100616.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Hiney, Diarmuid G. (1997). "5618 and All That the Jewish Cemetery Fairview Strand". Dublin Historical Record. 50 (2): 119–129. ISSN 0012-6861. JSTOR 30101173.
  7. ^ a b History of Fairview and Marino Archived 2011-07-10 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Samuel Lewis (1837). "CLONTURK, or DRUMCONDRA, a parish". A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
  9. ^ Ordnance Survey of Ireland maps, 1847 and 1913
  10. ^ "St Vincent's Hospital, Fairview, Dublin". www.stvincentshospital.ie. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  11. ^ a b Art in Parks (PDF). Dublin: Dublin City Council. 2020. p. 31.
  12. ^ Whelan, Yvonne (2003). Reinventing modern Dublin : streetscape, iconography, and the politics of identity. Dublin, Ireland: University College Dublin Press. p. 100. ISBN 1-900621-85-1. OCLC 51270664.
  13. ^ "Declan Flynn: The Fairview Park murder that ignited the Irish Pride movement". GCN. 2020-06-26. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  14. ^ "Fairview Park". fairview-marino.com. Archived from the original on 2012-09-07. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
  15. ^ "Land Reclamation in Dublin Bay". RTÉ Archives. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  16. ^ "Busy times for Fairview and Marino". Dublin People. 2012-09-15. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  17. ^ "Club History". www.belvederefc.com. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  18. ^ Jones, Christopher (2020-03-03). "Dublin By Numbers: All you need to know before moving to Fairview or Marino". DublinLive. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  19. ^ "Bram Stoker Park". Dublin City Council. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
  20. ^ "Marino Library". Dublin City Countil. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  21. ^ Maume, Patrick (2009). "Haughey, Charles James (C.J.)". In McGuire, James; Quinn, James (eds.). Dictionary of Irish Biography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  22. ^ Official parish website
  23. ^ Fairview Hall official site
  24. ^ a b c d e f A.P. Caomhánach (ed.), Scoil Iosaif Marino, Iris Chuimhneacháin 1916-1966. (Dublin, 1966)
  25. ^ "60 years an actor, best loved for 'Fair City' role". The Irish Times. 2006-01-14. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  26. ^ a b c d James Wren. From Ballybough to Scurlogue's Bridge. Dublin Historical Record, Vol. 37, No. 1 (December 1983), pp. 14-29
  27. ^ "Marino Local History Society". Marino Local History Society. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  28. ^ "The Executed: Edward Daly" (PDF). The 1916 Rising. National Library of Ireland. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  29. ^ Duffy, Rónán. "Larry Gogan (1934-2020): Radio icon who provided the soundtrack to Irish life". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  30. ^ Oireachtas, Houses of the (1999-02-24). "Written Answers. - Company Registration. – Dáil Éireann (28th Dáil) – Wednesday, 24 Feb 1999 – Houses of the Oireachtas". www.oireachtas.ie. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  31. ^ Newstalk. "Hidden Histories w/Turtle Bunbury; The life and times of Rosie Hackett". Newstalk. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  32. ^ H. Leonard and R. Clark. Obit: George Henry Kinahan, M.R.I.A. Geological Magazine (Decade V) (1909), 6: 142-143
  33. ^ https://www.dib.ie/biography/mellows-herbert-charles-barney-a9951
  34. ^ "GAA world mourns broadcaster Ó Ceallacháin". Irish Examiner. 2013-02-17. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  35. ^ Murray, Ken (15 May 2010). "Theatre producer Fred O'Donovan dies". The Irish Times. Irish Times Trust. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
  36. ^ "With warmth and comic genius, she was marked early on for the stage". The Irish Times. 2004-04-10. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  37. ^ "Noted actress Maureen Toal dies". RTÉ News. 2012-08-25. Retrieved 2021-03-12.