Fairview, Nevada

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Fairview, Nevada
Ghost town
Fairview Nevada July 4th 1906.jpg
Fairview is located in Nevada
Fairview
Fairview
Coordinates: 39°15′59″N 118°11′51″W / 39.26639°N 118.19750°W / 39.26639; -118.19750
CountryUnited States
StateNevada
County Churchill County
Population
 • Total0

Fairview is a ghost town in Churchill County, Nevada, in the United States of America.

History[edit]

Discovery of silver in the area in 1905 led to several claims and the creation of a boom town in 1906. The community took its name from Fairview Peak.[1]Fairview changed locations twice, once to move closer to the mines and mills in which the town's residents worked, and once because the town outgrew the narrow canyon in which the second town was sited.[2][3]

From 1906 to 1907, the mining camp's population expanded dramatically. Fairview had multiple hotels, banks, assay offices, 27 saloons, a newspaper, post office union hall and a population of 2000. After 1908. outside interest in the mining camps and town declined, and the newspaper closed. The town stayed prosperous until 1912, and afterwards was abandoned.

Fairview is currently a ghost town. One of the few remnants of the old town is the bank vault from the first town site's bank; the vault can be seen from the nearby Austin-Lincoln Highway.[2]

[4] GNIS lists the coordinates of Fairview Cemetery.[5] Fairview appears on map as a stop for the Pony Express.[6]

1954 earthquakes[edit]

A very large earthquake doublet occurred on December 16, 1954. The Dixie Valley/Fairview earthquakes occurred four minutes apart, each with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme). The initial shock measured 7.3 Mw  and the second shock measured 6.9 Mw . Damage to man-made structures was minimal because the region was sparsely populated at the time, but oblique-slip motion on a normal fault resulted in the appearance of large fault scarps.[7]

Gallery[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1941). Origin of Place Names: Nevada (PDF). W.P.A. p. 11.
  2. ^ a b ghosttowns.com. "Fairview". Retrieved 2013-03-21.
  3. ^ Paher, Stanley W (1970). Nevada Ghost towns and mining camps. Howell North. pp. 96–99.
  4. ^ Carlson, Helen S. (1985). Nevada place names : a geographical dictionary. Reno: University of Nevada Press. p. 111. ISBN 978-0874170948.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Fairview Cemetery
  6. ^ "Pony Express Map William Henry Jackson.jpg". 1951.
  7. ^ Stover, C.W.; Coffman, J.L. (1993), Seismicity of the United States, 1568–1989 (Revised), U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1527, United States Government Printing Office, pp. 287, 288, 295, 296
  • Nell Murbarger, "They Found New Wealth in Fairview". Desert (magazine). October 1955. pp 11–15. [1]