Faisal Mosque

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Faisal Mosque
Shah Faisal Masjid
فیصل مسجد
The Shah Faisal Mosque, Islamabad.jpg
Faisal Mosque is Pakistan's largest, as well as its National Mosque
Religion
AffiliationIslam
Branch/traditionSunni Islam
Location
LocationIslamabad, PakistanPakistan
Faisal Mosque is located in Pakistan
Faisal Mosque
Location in Pakistan
Geographic coordinates33°43′48″N 73°02′18″E / 33.729944°N 73.038436°E / 33.729944; 73.038436Coordinates: 33°43′48″N 73°02′18″E / 33.729944°N 73.038436°E / 33.729944; 73.038436
Architecture
Architect(s)Vedat Dalokay
TypeMosque
StyleContemporary Islamic
Date established1987
Construction cost120 million USD
Specifications
Capacity10,000 (in hall)
24,000 (in porticoes)
40,000 (in courtyard)
Minaret(s)4
Minaret height90 m (300 ft)

Faisal Mosque (Urdu: فیصل مسجد‎) is a mosque in Islamabad, Pakistan. It is located on the foothills of Margalla Hills in Islamabad, the mosque features a contemporary design consisting of eight sides of concrete shell and is inspired by a Bedouin tent.[1] The mosque is a major tourist attraction, and is referred as a contemporary and influential feature of Islamic architecture.[2][3]

Construction of the mosque began in 1976 after a $120 million grant from Saudi King Faisal, whose name the mosque bears. The unconventional design by Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay was selected after an international competition.[4] Without a typical dome, the mosque is shaped like a Bedouin tent, surrounded by four 260 feet (79 m) tall minarets. The design features eight-sided shell shaped sloping roofs forming a triangular worship hall which can hold 10,000 worshippers.[5]

Combined the structure covers an area of 54,000 square ft, the mosque dominates the landscape of Islamabad.[6] It is situated at the north end of Faisal Avenue, putting it at the northernmost end of the city and at the foot of Margalla Hills, the westernmost foothills of the Himalayas. It is located on an elevated area of land against a picturesque backdrop of the national park. The largest mosque in Pakistan, the Faisal Mosque was the largest mosque in the world from 1986 until 1993, when it was overtaken by mosques in MENA region. Faisal Mosque is now the fourth largest mosque in terms of capacity.[7]

History[edit]

Shah Faisal Masjid aerial view
Shah Faisal Masjid from Faisal Avenue in Islamabad

The impetus for the mosque began in 1966 when King Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz supported the initiative of the Pakistani Government to build a national mosque in Islamabad during an official visit to Pakistan.

In 1969, an international competition was held in which architects from 17 countries submitted 43 proposals. The winning design was that of Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay.[8] Construction of the mosque began in 1976 by National Construction Limited of Pakistan, led by Azim Khan and was funded by the government of Saudi Arabia, at a cost of over 130 million Saudi riyals (approximately 120 million USD today). King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz was instrumental in the funding, and both the mosque and the road leading to it were named after him after his assassination in 1975. The mosque was completed in 1986, and used to house the International Islamic University. Many conservative Muslims criticised the design at first for its unconventional design and lack of a traditional Dome structure.[9]

Capacity[edit]

Interior View of the Mosque
Inside of the Mosque

The Faisal Mosque can accommodate about 10,000 worshippers in its main prayer hall, 24,000 in its porticoes, and 40,000 in its courtyard. Each of the Mosque's four minarets are 79 m (259 ft) high (the tallest minarets in South Asia) and measure 10×10 metres in circumference.[10]

Architecture[edit]

I tried to capture the spirit, proportion and geometry of Kaaba in a purely abstract manner. Imagine the apex of each of the four minarets as a scaled explosion of four highest corners of Kaaba – thus an unseen Kaaba form is bounded by the minarets at the four corners in a proportion of height to base. Shah Faisal Mosque akin to Kaaba. Now, if you join the apex of each minaret to the base of the minaret diagonally opposite to it correspondingly, a four-sided pyramid shall be bound by these lines at the base side within that invisible cube. That lower level pyramid is treated as a solid body while four minarets with their apex complete the imaginary cube of Kaaba.

— Vedat Dalokay, "Dalokay further explains the thinking behind the design of the Masjid to students of a design school", From Pakistan Embassy in Tokyo Website[11][12][13]

Instead of using traditional domes, Vedat Dalokay designed an eight sided main hall that looked like an Arab's Bedouin desert tent. Additionally, he added four minarets on all four corners of the main hall, which are of 80 m (260 ft) high, the tallest minarets in South Asia. The main structure of the building is the main prayer hall, which is supported by four concrete girders. The four unusual minarets are inspired by Turkish architecture. Vedat Dalokay also believed that the design of the Masjid represents Kaaba in an abstract manner.[14] Entrance is from the east, where the prayer hall is fronted by a courtyard with porticoes. The International Islamic University was housed under the main courtyard, but now has relocated to a new campus. The mosque still houses a library, lecture hall, museum and cafe. The interior of the main tent-shaped hall is covered in white marble and decorated with mosaics and calligraphy by the famous Pakistani artist Sadequain, and a spectacular Turkish-style chandelier. The mosaic pattern adorns the west wall, and has the Kalimah written in early Kufic script, repeated in mirror image pattern.[15]

References in literature[edit]

The Faisal Mosque is described in the book The Kite Runner by Khalid Hosseini, and is frequently referenced in the work of Michael Muhammad Knight, who came to the mosque to study Islam as a teenager.

Gallery[edit]

Hover your mouse over or tap the images below to see their captions.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Three Pakistani mosques make it to 'world's most beautiful mosques' list – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 3 August 2015. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  2. ^ "King of All Mosques – Faisal Mosque". HOPES. 6 November 2015. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  3. ^ "Faisal Mosque attracts visitors from all over country". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  4. ^ Mass, Leslie Noyes (2011). Back to Pakistan: A Fifty-Year Journey. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 157. ISBN 978-1-4422-1319-7.
  5. ^ "Faisal Mosque – Islamabad, Pakistan". www.sacred-destinations.com. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  6. ^ "Faisal Mosque". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  7. ^ Planet, Lonely. "Shah Faisal Mosque in Islamabad & Rawalpindi". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  8. ^ Rengel, Marian (2004). Pakistan: A Primary Source Cultural Guide. Rosen. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-8239-4001-1.
  9. ^ "Construction of Faisal Mosque begin in 1976". www.slideshare.net. Retrieved 2018-06-04.
  10. ^ "Faisal Mosque". archnet.org. ArchNet. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  11. ^ https://www.arabianindustry.com/construction/comments/2013/sep/12/my-favourite-building-faisal-mosque-islamabad-4435561/
  12. ^ http://www.pakistanembassytokyo.com/content/faisal-mosque-islamabad
  13. ^ https://www.pakistantoday.com.pk/2012/08/17/the-genius-behind-the-mosque/
  14. ^ http://www.pakistantoursguide.com/faisal-mosque.html
  15. ^ http://doweknowourmotherland.blogspot.com/2010/12/faisal-mosque-also-known-as-shah-faisal.html%3Fm%3D1&ved=2ahUKEwjf7P_K5YbgAhXPTBUIHcrVCukQFjAHegQICBAB&usg=AOvVaw1cKgJctFb86l1W6TNiCCiQ&cshid=1548347927269

External links[edit]