Faisal bin Turki, Sultan of Muscat and Oman

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Faisal bin Turki
Sultan of Oman
Reign4 June 1888 – 4 October 1913
PredecessorTurki bin Said
SuccessorTaimur bin Faisal
Born8 June 1864
Bombay, British India
Died4 October 1913 (aged 49)
Muscat, Oman
IssueTaimur bin Faisal and others
DynastyAl Said
FatherTurki bin Said
Motheran Ethiopian
ReligionIbadi Islam

Faisal bin Turki, GCIE (8 June 1864 – 4 October 1913) (Arabic: فيصل بن تركي), historic spelling Fessul bin Turkee, ruled as Sultan of Muscat and Oman from 4 June 1888 to 4 October 1913. He succeeded his father Turki bin Said as Sultan. Upon his death in 1913, he was succeeded by his eldest son Taimur bin Faisal.


On assuming power in 1888, Faisal ibn Turki gradually found his authority over the interior weakened as tribal leaders increasingly perceived his dependence on British advisers as an inherent weakness. In 1895 he was forced to seek refuge at Jalali fort after Muscat was captured. British political agents frustrated his efforts to recapture Muscat, compelling him to court the French. He granted the French coaling facilities for their fleet at Bandar Jissah near Muscat.[citation needed]

Determined to thwart any growth in French presence in what Britain considered its sphere of influence, Britain presented Faisal ibn Turki with an ultimatum in 1899 ordering the sultan to board the British flagship or Muscat would be bombarded. Having little recourse, Faisal ibn Turki capitulated. Publicly humiliated, his authority was irreversibly damaged. In 1903 he asked Lord George Nathaniel Curzon, viceroy of India, for permission to abdicate, but his request was denied. Responsibility for the capital was delegated to Said ibn Muhammad Al Said, while affairs of the interior fell to an ex-slave, Sulayman ibn Suwaylim. By 1913 control over the interior was completely lost, and a reconstituted imamate was again a threat to Muscat. In May 1913, Salim ibn Rashid al Kharusi was elected imam at Tanuf and spearheaded a revolt against the sultan that combined both Hinawi and Ghafiri tribal groups.[citation needed]

On Faisal's death, he was succeeded by his second son, Taimur bin Faisal. Sultan Haitham of Oman is a direct descendant of Faisal bin Turki.


Faisal Bin Turki had 24 children:

  1. Sayyid Badran bin Faisal Al-Sa’id
  2. Sultan Taimur bin Faisal Al-Sa'id
  3. Sayyid Nadir bin Faisal Al-Sa’id
  4. Sayyid Muhammad bin Faisal Al-Sa’id
  5. Sayyid Hamad bin Faisal Al-Sa’id
  6. Sayyid Hamud bin Faisal Al-Sa’id
  7. Sayyid Salim bin Faisal Al-Sa’id
  8. Sayyid Ali bin Faisal Al-Sa’id
  9. Sayyid Malik bin Faisal Al-Sa’id
  10. Sayyid Shihab bin Faisal Al-Sa’id
  11. Sayyid Abbas bin Faisal Al-Sa’id
  12. Sayyid Matar bin Faisal Al-Sa’id
  13. Sayyida … bint Faisal Al-Sa’id
  14. Sayyida Burda bint Faisal Al-Sa’id
  15. Sayyida Rahma bint Faisal Al-Sa’id
  16. Sayyida Ruma bint Faisal Al-Sa’id
  17. Sayyida Taimura bint Faisal Al-Sa’id
  18. Sayyida Aliya bint Faisal Al-Sa’id
  19. Sayyida Walyam bint Faisal Al-Sa’id
  20. Sayyida Shatu’ bint Faisal Al-Sa’id
  21. Sayyida Saraya bint Faisal Al-Sa’id
  22. Sayyida Taimura bint Faisal Al-Sa’id
  23. Sayyida Shirin bint Faisal Al-Sa’id
  24. Sayyida Shuruqa bint Faisal Al-Sa’id




  1. ^ "India Office, 15 April 1904". The London Gazette. 19 April 1904. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
Regnal titles
Preceded by Sultan of Oman
Succeeded by

Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. Country Studies. Federal Research Division.