Faisal bin Turki, Sultan of Muscat and Oman

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Faisal bin Turki
فيصل بن تركي
Faysal bin Turki.jpg
Sultan of Oman
Reign 4 June 1888 – 4 October 1913
Predecessor Turki bin Said
Successor Taimur bin Faisal
Born 8 June 1864
Bombay, India
Died 4 October 1913 (aged 49)
Muscat, Oman
Issue Taimur bin Faisal and others
Dynasty Al Said
Father Turki bin Said
Mother an Ethiopian suri
Religion Ibadi Islam

Sayyid Faisal bin Turki, GCIE (8 June 1864 – 4 October 1913) (Arabic: السيد فيصل بن تركي‎‎), historic spelling Fessul bin Turkee, ruled as Sultan of Muscat and Oman from 4 June 1888 to 4 October 1913. He succeeded his father Turki bin Said as Sultan. Upon his death in 1913, he was succeeded by his eldest son Taimur bin Faisal.

On assuming power in 1888, Faisal ibn Turki gradually found his authority over the interior weakened as tribal leaders increasingly perceived his dependence on British advisers as an inherent weakness. In 1895 he was forced to seek refuge at Jalali fort after Muscat was captured. British political agents frustrated his efforts to recapture Muscat, compelling him to court the French. He granted the French coaling facilities for their fleet at Bandar Jissah near Muscat.

Determined to thwart any growth in French presence in what Britain considered its sphere of influence, Britain presented Faisal ibn Turki with an ultimatum in 1899 ordering the sultan to board the British flagship or Muscat would be bombarded. Having little recourse, Faisal ibn Turki capitulated. Publicly humiliated, his authority was irreversibly damaged. In 1903 he asked Lord George Nathaniel Curzon, viceroy of India, for permission to abdicate, but his request was denied. Responsibility for the capital was delegated to Said ibn Muhammad Al Said, while affairs of the interior fell to an ex-slave, Sulayman ibn Suwaylim. By 1913 control over the interior was completely lost, and a reconstituted imamate was again a threat to Muscat. In May 1913, Salim ibn Rashid al Kharusi was elected imam at Tanuf and spearheaded a revolt against the sultan that combined both Hinawi and Ghafiri tribal groups.[1]

Honours[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Oman Royal Ark
  2. ^ "India Office, 15 April 1904". The London Gazette. 19 April 1904. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Turki bin Said
Sultan of Oman
1888–1913
Succeeded by
Taimur bin Faisal

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/.