Domergue in 1946
|Born|| or June 16, 1925June 16, 1924|
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
|Died||April 4, 1999 (age 73–74)|
Santa Barbara, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Cancer (unspecified)|
Teddy Stauffer (m. 1946–1947)
Hugo Fregonese (m. 1947–1958)
(m. 1966; died 1992)
Faith Marie Domergue // (June 16, 1924 or 1925 – April 4, 1999) was an American television and film actress. Discovered at age eighteen by media and aircraft mogul Howard Hughes, she was signed to a contract with Hughes' RKO Radio Pictures and cast as the lead in the studio's thriller Vendetta, which had a troubled four-year production before finally being released in 1950.
Domergue went on to appear in a multitude of science fiction and horror pictures, such as Cult of the Cobra, This Island Earth, It Came from Beneath the Sea, and The Atomic Man, all released in 1955, earning her a reputation as an early "scream queen." Domergue's later career consisted of B movies, television guest roles and European productions.
Domergue was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, on June 16, 1924 or 1925 (sources differ) of part-Creole descent. She was adopted by Adabelle Wemet when six weeks old. When Faith was 18 months old, Adabelle married Leo Domergue.
The family moved to California in 1928 where Domergue attended Beverly Hills Catholic School and St. Monica's Convent School. While a sophomore at University High School, she signed a contract with Warner Bros., and made her first on-screen appearance with an uncredited walk-on role in Blues in the Night (1941). The same year, she appeared on the cover of Photoplay as Faith Dorn; the name change, she later claimed, was "because Jack Warner was too stupid to pronounce Domergue."
1943–1950: Early work; Howard Hughes
After graduating in 1942, Domergue continued to pursue a career in acting, but after sustaining injuries in a near-fatal car accident, her plans were put on hold. While recuperating from the accident, she attended a party aboard Howard Hughes' yacht. Enamored with her, Hughes bought out her contract with Warner Brothers,  signed her to a three-picture deal with RKO, and cast her in the thriller Vendetta (1950). The film had a long and troubled production history, with reshoots and several changes of director, further exacerbated by Hughes's health problems following a near-fatal plane crash he endured in July 1946. The production extended over four years and cost $3.5 million.
By the time of Vendetta's premiere in 1950, Domergue had left Los Angeles for Palm Springs, and was pregnant with her second child. After the film's release, Domergue separated from Hughes, disappointed with the way the film and her career had been handled: "I was told he spent five million dollars publicizing me," she said, "but [the] film was['nt properly] released. It was all wasted." The critical reception was also dismissive. The New York Times panned the film as "a garrulous, slow and obvious period piece, weighed down by a profusion of exotic accents, undistinguished dialogue and unconvincing play acting... set against a background of the wild, Corsican countryside, which does give the picture an atmosphere of suspenseful authenticity." The review damned Domergue's performance with faint praise: "Faith Domergue, the heralded newcomer, is less than a fiery heroine. But despite the flamboyant lines that are her lot, the attractive Miss Domergue does occasionally contribute genuine emotional acting to the proceedings."
Following Vendetta, Domergue freelanced in the film noir Where Danger Lives (1950), playing a femme fatale opposite Robert Mitchum and Claude Rains. Bosley Crowther, in The New York Times, criticized Domergue's performance for "manifest[ing] nothing more than a comparatively sultry appearance and an ability to recite simple lines."
1951–1959: Universal and sci-fi films
After having lived briefly in England with her husband, Domergue returned to the United States in 1953, when she signed a contract with Universal Pictures. Her final credit for RKO was the 1954 drama This Is My Love, which was shot after the release in 1952 of her first film with Universal, The Duel at Silver Creek, in which she appeared opposite Audie Murphy.
In 1955, Domergue appeared in another Western, Santa Fe Passage, playing an ammunition retailer opposite John Payne and George Keymas. Domergue then appeared in a series of sci-fi monster and horror films. The first of these was Cult of the Cobra (Universal Pictures 1955), in which six American Air Officers discover a Lamian cult of snake worshippers. This was followed with a role in Columbia Pictures's It Came from Beneath the Sea, a sci-fi monster movie which was a major commercial success, grossing $1.7 million at the box office. The following year, Domergue starred in This Island Earth (1955), Universal's first color sci-fi film. The film received moderate critical praise for its performances and writing, as well as its inventive special effects. Domergue's tenure in horror pictures in the mid-1950s earned her a reputation as an early scream queen.
From late in 1955, Domergue appeared in a string of European productions: the British science fiction film The Atomic Man (1955), directed by Ken Hughes; British noir films Soho Incident (1956) and Man in the Shadow (1957), released in the United States as Violent Stranger ; and the Italian production, The Sky Burns (1958).
1960–1974: Late career and retirement
In the late 1950s and 1960s she made many appearances on popular television series, including Sugarfoot, Have Gun – Will Travel, Bonanza, The Rifleman, and two episodes of Perry Mason. In the first Perry Mason episode, "The Case of the Guilty Clients" (1961), she played murderer Conception O'Higgins, and in "The Case of the Greek Goddess" (1963) she played murder victim Cleo Grammas.
By the late 1960s, Domergue was appearing mainly in low-budget "B" horror movies and European productions. Domergue's last foray in sci-fi was Voyage to the Prehistoric Planet (1965), an American version of a Russian film, mainly backed by Russian producers and populated with Russian actors. She began traveling to Italy in 1952, living in Rome for extended periods. She relocated to Europe permanently in 1968, moving from Rome to Geneva, Switzerland, and Marbella, Spain, until the death of her Italian husband, Paolo, in 1991. In the late 1960s, she appeared in several Italian giallo films, including Lucio Fulci's One on Top of the Other (1969), and Alberto De Martino's The Man with Icy Eyes (1971). Her final film credit was for The House of Seven Corpses (1974), an independent horror film shot in Salt Lake City.
In 1942, Domergue began an intermittent relationship with Howard Hughes. After she discovered that Hughes was also seeing Ava Gardner, Rita Hayworth, and Lana Turner, the couple broke up in 1943. She later wrote a book about the experience, titled My Life with Howard Hughes (1972).
In 1946, Domergue married bandleader Teddy Stauffer. The marriage lasted six months, ending in 1947. That same year, she married director Hugo Fregonese with whom she had two children, Diana Maria (b. 1949) and John Anthony (b. 1951). The couple divorced in 1958. In 1966, she married Paolo Cossa, with whom she remained until his death in 1992. Despite the divorces, Domergue otherwise remained a practicing Roman Catholic.
In popular culture
|1941||Blues in the Night||Jitterbug||Uncredited|
|1946||Young Widow||Gerry Taylor||Alternative title: The Naughty Widow|
|1949||Hardly a Criminal|
|1950||Where Danger Lives||Margo Lannington|
|1950||Vendetta||Colomba della Rabia|
|1952||The Duel at Silver Creek||Opal Lacy||Alternative title: Claim Jumpers|
|1953||The Great Sioux Uprising||Joan Britton|
|1954||This Is My Love||Evelyn Myer|
|1955||Santa Fe Passage||Aurelie St. Clair|
|1955||Cult of the Cobra||Lisa Moya|
|1955||This Island Earth||Dr. Ruth Adams|
|1955||It Came from Beneath the Sea||Professor Lesley Joyce||Alternative title: Monster from Beneath the Sea|
|1955||Timeslip||Jill Rabowski||Alternative title: The Atomic Man|
|1956||Soho Incident||Bella Francesi||Alternative title: Spin a Dark Web|
|1957||Man in the Shadow||Barbara Peters||Alternative title: Violent Stranger|
|1958||The Sky Burns||Anna||Alternative title: Il Cielo brucia|
|1958||Escort West||Martha Drury|
|1965||Voyage to the Prehistoric Planet||Dr. Marsha Evans||Additional material only, dubbed version of the Soviet film Planeta Bur (1962)|
|1967||Track of Thunder||Mrs. Goodwin|
|1969||Besieged||Lorenzo's mother||Alternative title: L'Amore breve|
|1969||One on Top of the Other||Marta||Alternative titles: Una sull'altra, Perversion Story|
|1970||The Gamblers||Signora Del Isolla|
|1971||Blood Legacy||Veronica Dean||Alternative title: Legacy of Blood|
|1971||The Man with Icy Eyes||Mrs. Valdes||Alternative title: L'Uomo dagli occhi di ghiaccio|
|1974||So Evil, My Sister||Millie||Alternative titles: Psycho Sisters|
|1974||The House of Seven Corpses||Gayle Dorian|
|1953||The Revlon Mirror Theater||Laurie Rogers||1 episode|
|1953–1954||Lux Video Theatre||2 episodes|
|1954||Ford Theatre||1 episode|
|1954–1958||Schlitz Playhouse of Stars||
|1955||Celebrity Playhouse||1 episode|
|1956||The Count of Monte Cristo||Renee Morrell||1 episode|
|1957||Overseas Press Club - Exclusive!||Helen Zotos||1 episode|
|1959||Sugarfoot||Isabel Starkey||1 episode|
|1959||Bourbon Street Beat||Susan Wood||1 episode|
|1960||Colt .45||Suzanne Tremaine||1 episode|
|1960||Michael Shayne||Kara||1 episode|
|1961||77 Sunset Strip||Gretchen Jervis||1 episode|
|1961||The Tall Man||Kate Elder||1 episode|
|1962–1963||Have Gun – Will Travel||
|1966||Combat!||Madame Fouchet||1 episode|
|1968||Garrison's Gorillas||Carla||1 episode|
- Hagen 2002, p. 49.
- Sources of Domergue's birth year vary; those that list 1924 include:
- "Obituaries: Faith Domergue; Film Star Contracted by Howard Hughes". The Los Angeles Times. April 17, 1999.
- Raw, Laurence (2012). Character Actors in Horror and Science Fiction Films, 1930-1960. McFarland. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-786-44474-8.
- "Hollywood Femmes Fatales and Ladies of Film Noir". 3. Lulu Com. 2011. ISBN 978-1-257-77212-4.
- Vallance, Tom (May 11, 1999). "Obituary: Faith Domergue". The Independent. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- Parla & Mitchell 2000, p. 59.
- Weaver 2011, p. 29.
- Parla & Mitchell 2000, p. 60.
- Weaver 2011, p. 31.
- Charyn 1996, p. 217–18.
- Parla & Mitchell 2000, pp. 59–60.
- "Faith Domergue: She Follows Harlow and Russell". Life. July 17, 1950.
- Weaver 2011, p. 32.
- "Movie Review -- At the Globe". The New York Times. December 26, 1950. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
- Crowther, Bosley (January 1, 1951). "THE SCREEN IN REVIEW; 'The Milkman,' at the Mayfair Shows Jimmy Durante and Donald O'Connor in Leads". The New York Times. Retrieved September 25, 2016.
- Weaver 2011, p. 33.
- Fitzgerald, Mike. "Faith Domergue". Western Clippings (Interview). Interviewed by Faith Domergue. Albuquerque, New Mexico. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
- "Santa Fe Passage (1955)". Turner Classic Movies. American Film Institute. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
- "Cult of the Cobra (1955)". Turner Classic Movies. American Film Institute. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1955' (January 25, 1956). Variety Weekly.
- H.H.T. (June 11, 1955). "'This Island Earth' Explored From Space". The New York Times. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
- Bergan, Ronald (May 17, 1999). "Faith Domergue". The Guardian. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- "Soho Incident (1956)". British Film Institute. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- "Man in the Shadow (1957)". British Film Institute. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- Westfahl, Gary (1999–2016). "Domergue, Faith". Gary Westfahl's Bio-Encyclopedia of Science Fiction Film. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
- Weaver 2011, p. 40.
- Weaver 2011, p. 41.
- "The Private Life and Times of Faith Domergue". Glamour Girls of the Silver Screen. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
- Erickson, Hal. "Faith Domergue Biography". Fandango. Rovi. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
- Maltin, Leonard. "Overview for Faith Domergue". Turner Classic Movies. Penguin Group. Retrieved September 25, 2016.
- Carter 2003.
- Galloway, Doug (April 16, 1999). "Faith Domergue". Variety. Retrieved March 4, 2009.
- "Faith Domergue 1924-1999". November 8, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- Carter, Steven (2003). I Was Howard Hughes. Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1-582-34375-4.
- Charyn, Jerome (1996). Movieland: Hollywood and the Great American Dream Culture. New York University Press. ISBN 978-0-814-71550-5.
- Hagen, Ray (2002). Say How?: A Pronunciation Guide to Names of Public Figures. Library of Congress, National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped.
- Parla, Paul; Mitchell, Charles P. (2000). Screen Sirens Scream!: Interviews with 20 Actresses from Science Fiction, Horror, Film Noir, and Mystery Movies, 1930s to 1960s. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-0701-8.
- Weaver, Tom (2011). I Was a Monster Movie Maker: Conversations with 22 SF and Horror Filmmakers. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-786-46444-9.
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