Faiyum Governorate on the map of Egypt
|• Governor||Hazem Atteya-Allah|
|• Total||1,827 km2 (705 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
Faiyum Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الفيوم Muḥāfaẓat al Fayyūm) is one of the governorates of Egypt in the middle of the country. Its capital is the city of Faiyum, located about 81 mi (130 km) south west of Cairo. It has a population of 3,072,181 (2014).
The name Faiyum comes from Coptic ̀Ⲫⲓⲟⲙ /Ⲡⲉⲓⲟⲙ efiom/peiom (whence the proper name Ⲡⲁⲓⲟⲙ payoum), meaning the Sea or the Lake, which in turn comes from late Egyptian pA y-m of the same meaning, a reference to the nearby Lake Moeris.
The governorate of Faiyum includes:
- The large fertile Faiyum Oasis, which comprises farmland, Lake Moeris, and some cities.
- South of the Faiyum Oasis, a smaller depression contains the town of El Gharaq el Sulţāni. It is also irrigated from the Nile.
- A dry barren depression named Wadi Elrayan, which covers 280 mi² (725 km²), west of the El Gharaq el Sulţāni depression.
- Desert and dry mountains, which mostly surround the depressions.
- Fayoum Governorate Official website