Faiyum Governorate on the map of Egypt
|• Governor||Wael Mohamed Nabih Makram |
|• Total||1,827 km2 (705 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
Fayoum Governorate  (Arabic: محافظة الفيوم Muḥāfaẓat El Fayyūm) is one of the governorates of Egypt in the middle of the country. Its capital is the city of Faiyum, located about 81 mi (130 km) south west of Cairo. It has a population of 3,072,181 (2014).
The name Faiyum comes from Coptic ̀Ⲫⲓⲟⲙ /Ⲡⲉⲓⲟⲙ efiom/peiom (whence the proper name Ⲡⲁⲓⲟⲙ payoum), meaning the Sea or the Lake, which in turn comes from late Egyptian pA y-m of the same meaning, a reference to the nearby Lake Moeris.
The governorate of Faiyum includes:
- The large fertile Faiyum Oasis, which comprises farmland, Lake Moeris, and some cities.
- South of the Faiyum Oasis, a smaller depression contains the town of El Gharaq el Sulţāni. It is also irrigated from the Nile.
- A dry barren depression named Wadi Elrayan, which covers 280 mi² (725 km²), west of the El Gharaq el Sulţāni depression.
- Desert and dry mountains, which mostly surround the depressions.
2015 population estimated figures for Fayoum Governorate were 22.5% urban and 3,170,150 people: 2,456,368 in rural areas and 713,782 in urban areas.
- Bahr Yussef
- Egyptian Fayoumi
- Faiyum Oasis
- Lake Moeris
- Wadi El Rayan
- Faces of Fayoum are paintings from the 1st century BC to the 3rd century AD.
- "Egypt's Government Governorates Directory". Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- Yasser, Nayera (April 30, 2015). "Amna Elshandaweely and Nada Elsonbaty pave 'Road to Fayoum'". Retrieved 20 October 2016.
- "The Fayoum Portraits". Per Ankh Trading. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
- Fayoum Governorate Official website