Fajja

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Fajja

فجّة
Village
Etymology: from personal name[1]
Fajja is located in Mandatory Palestine
Fajja
Fajja
Coordinates: 32°05′18″N 34°54′16″E / 32.08833°N 34.90444°E / 32.08833; 34.90444Coordinates: 32°05′18″N 34°54′16″E / 32.08833°N 34.90444°E / 32.08833; 34.90444
Palestine grid141/165
Geopolitical entityMandatory Palestine
SubdistrictJaffa
Date of depopulationMay 15, 1948[3]
Area
 • Total4,419 dunams (4.4 km2 or 1.7 sq mi)
Population
 (1945)
 • Total1,200[2]
Cause(s) of depopulationWhispering campaign
Current LocalitiesPetah Tikva[4]

Fajja (Arabic: فجّة‎) was a Palestinian Arab town located 15 kilometers northeast of Jaffa.

History[edit]

In 1870, Victor Guérin found the village to be divided into two quarters, each with its own Sheikh. He estimated it to have 300 inhabitants,[5] while an Ottoman village list from about the same year found that Fajja had a population of 110, in 35 houses, though the population count included men, only.[6][7]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Fajja as a small village built of adobe bricks.[8]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Fajjeh had a population of 164, all Muslims,[9] increasing sharply in the 1931 census, to 707, still all Muslims, in a total of 165 houses.[10]

The town had one elementary school, founded in 1922. By 1945 it had 181 students, including 10 females.[4]

In the 1945 statistics, the town had 1,570 inhabitants, including 370 Jews, and a total land area of 4,419 dunams.[11] Of this, a total of 768 dunums was used for citrus and bananas, 61 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards, 3,863 used for cereals,[12] while 7 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[13]

1948, aftermath[edit]

In early April, the villagers of Fajja sued for a truce with their Jewish neighbours.[14] Again, after the Deir Yassin massacre, the villagers of Fajja contacted their Jewish neighbours and promised "quiet".[15] It was conquered by the Haganah and Irgun on May 15, 1948 without any resistance. Most of the Arab inhabitants fled the town before its capture by Israeli forces due to alleged attacks by the Irgun on February 17. In June 1948, the town was demolished based on the recommendation of Yosef Weitz of the Jewish National Fund.[16] Most of the town's land is currently a part of the jurisdiction of the city of Petah Tikva.

In 1992 the village site was described: "The village has been completely razed except for one house and a pond. Eucalyptus trees and cactuses further mark the site. The surrounding land is partly occupied by buildings; the rest is cultivated."[4]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 214
  2. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 27
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #203. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  4. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p. 240
  5. ^ Guérin, 1875, pp. 371-372
  6. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 154
  7. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 137 also noted 35 houses
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP II, p.251. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 240.
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jaffa, p. 20
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 13
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 52
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 95
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 145
  14. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 246, note #644 on p. 298
  15. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 240, note #581 on p. 295
  16. ^ District of Jaffa: Fajja Town Statistics and Facts.Information extracted from Bibliography and References Benny Morris and Walid Khalidi.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]