NASA picture of Fakarava Atoll
|Area||1,112 km2 (429 sq mi) (lagoon)
24.1 km2 (9 sq mi) (above water)
|Length||60 km (37 mi)|
|Width||21 km (13 mi)|
|Overseas collectivity||French Polynesia|
|Pop. density||35 /km2 (91 /sq mi)|
Fakarava, Havaiki-te-araro, Havai'i or Farea is an atoll in the west of the Tuamotu group in French Polynesia. It is the second largest of the Tuamotu atolls. The nearest land is Toau Atoll, which lies 14 kilometres (8.7 miles) to the northwest.
The shape of Fakarava Atoll is roughly rectangular and its length is 60 kilometres (37 miles) and its width 21 kilometres (13 miles). Fakarava has a wide and deep lagoon with a surface of 1,112 square kilometres (429 square miles) and two passes. The main pass to enter the lagoon, located in its north-western end, is known as Passe Garuae and it is the largest pass in French Polynesia; the southern pass is called Tumakohua (also known as Tetamanu). It has a land area of 24.1 square kilometres (9 square miles).
Fakarava has 837 inhabitants; the main village is called Rotoava.
The first recorded European to arrive to Fakarava Atoll was Russian oceanic explorer Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen on July 17, 1820 on ships Vostok and Mirni. He named this atoll "Wittgenstein".
There is a territorial (domestic) airfield in Fakarava which was inaugurated in 1995.
- "Population". Institut de la statistique de la Polynésie française. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- Young, J.L. (1899). "Names of the Paumotu Islands, with the old names so far as they are known". Journal of the Polynesian Society. 8 (4): 264–268. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
- Based on the French edition of Wikipedia and local knowledge
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