A faked death, also called a pseudocide, is a case in which an individual leaves evidence to suggest that they are dead to mislead others. This is done for a variety of reasons, such as to fraudulently collect insurance money or to avoid capture by law enforcement for some other crime.
People who fake their own deaths sometimes do so by pretend drownings, because it provides a plausible reason for the absence of a body.
"Lord" Timothy Dexter, an eccentric 18th-century New England businessman who faked his own death to see how people would react. His wife did not shed any tears at the wake, and as a result he caned her for not being sufficiently saddened at his passing.
John Darwin, a former teacher and prison officer from Hartlepool, England faked his own death on 21 March 2002 by canoeing out to sea and disappearing. His ruse fell apart in 2006 when a simple Google search revealed a photo of him buying a house in Panama.
Marcus Schrenker, a financial manager from Fishers, Indiana, was charged with defrauding clients, and attempted to fake his own death to avoid prosecution. He was captured following a multi-state, three-day manhunt.
Samuel Israel III, an Americanhedge fund manager who was facing twenty years in prison for fraud, left his car and a suicide note on the Bear Mountain Bridge in an attempted fake suicide in 2008. He later surrendered himself to authorities. It was always suspected that his suicide was faked since, among other things, passersby reported that a car had picked someone up on the bridge from near Israel's abandoned car.
In The Reichenbach Fall, the final episode of the second season of the television series Sherlock, Sherlock (Benedict Cumberbatch) intentionally fakes his death by jumping off the roof of St. Bartholomew's Hospital in order to protect his friends from assassins hired by Jim Moriarty (Andrew Scott) and track down the remainder of Moriarty's criminal network in secret.
In the book Visser, the details of how Visser One (Edriss 562) made Marco's mother Eva fake her death in order to focus more on directing the Yeerk invasion of Earth are covered. The "death" itself happens before the first book in the series.
Alison DiLaurentis allowed herself to be presumed dead while she went into hiding for several years in the television series Pretty Little Liars
In Carl Hiaasen's novel Bad Monkey, a Medicare fraudster goes to extreme lengths to fake his death in order to avoid prosecution for his crimes. Both the criminal and the protagonists reflect that faking one's own death is a common ploy used by criminals, but it rarely works unless the criminal goes to such extreme lengths.
In the prologue of Grand Theft Auto V, one of the main protagonists Michael Townley (now de Santa) worked with a government agent to shoot him (while wearing a bulletproof vest) and another heist crew member, while keeping the last one, Trevor Philips, alive.