Fakenham Magna

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fakenham Magna
A 20th century map of Fakenham Magna.png
A 1945 map of Fakenham Magna
Fakenham Magna is located in Suffolk
Fakenham Magna
Fakenham Magna
Fakenham Magna shown within Suffolk
Population 160 (2005)[1]
167 (2011)[2]
Civil parish
  • Fakenham Magna
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Thetford
Postcode district IP24
Police Suffolk
Fire Suffolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
SuffolkCoordinates: 52°21′14″N 0°48′18″E / 52.354°N 0.805°E / 52.354; 0.805
Signpost in Fakenham Magna
The Church of St Peter in Fakenham Magna

Fakenham Magna (or Great Fakenham) is a village and civil parish in the St Edmundsbury district of Suffolk in eastern England. The meaning of the word 'Fakenham' can be split into two: 'Faken' and 'ham', both of which derive from Old English. The former refers to somebody by the name of 'Facca', with the latter meaning 'a village / a homestead', making the direct translation 'Facca's homestead'.[3][4] 'Magna' translates from Latin as 'great', hence the alternative name of the village of 'Great Fakenham'. During World War Two, however, the village was referred to as 'Little Fakenham', which was used to avoid confusion with the larger civil parish of Fakenham in Norfolk.[5]

Located on the A1088 road around eight miles north-east of Bury St Edmunds and four miles south-east of Thetford, in 2005 its population was 160.[1] The village lacks nearly all basic amenities (such as a shop, a school and a doctor's surgery), with the main features being the Church of St Peter[6] and the House of Mutt dog hotel. A small river, the Blackbourne, runs along the east of the village. The RAF Honington airfield covers much of the western part of the parish. A poem, The Fakenham Ghost,[7] was set in Fakenham Magna - written by the poet Robert Bloomfield who was born in the nearby village of Honington.[8]

In the 1870s, Fakenham Magna was described as:

a parish in the district of Thetford and county of Suffolk; on the river Brandon, 5¾ miles SSE of Thetford r. station.[9]

History[edit]

Some of the earliest evidence of human activity in the civil parish of Fakenham Magna has been discovered archaeologically, from the Neolithic period, in the form of leaf shaped arrowheads as well as a variety of axes.[10] However, the earliest document recording Fakenham Magna is the Domesday Book, in the form of two entries from 1066 and 1086. There are noticeable differences between the two, such as with the agriculture of the village. There is a reduction in the amount of livestock in the 20 year timespan, with four cobs and 40 pigs in 1066 decreasing to three cobs and 20 pigs by 1086. The amount of cattle and sheep remain the same, at 12 and 300. The meadowland also suffers a reduction, from 20 acres of meadow in 1066 to just four in 1086.[11] Despite this reduction, agriculture eventually became the most dominant occupation for males in Fakenham Magna, with ⅔ of them employed in this sector by 1881.[12] Another significant change in the village is that in 1066 it was documented that there was a mill and two churches, however today there are no recorded mills and only one of these churches remains.[13]

Population[edit]

According to the 2011 census, there were 74 males and 93 females living in the parish.[14] The total population graph for Fakenham Magna shows that there has been a fluctuation in numbers since 1801, however the 2011 census illustrates that there has been an increase of only ten people since the first recorded census. The population had its peak in 1851 where it reached 229 people, but this was followed by a gradual decline until 1931 where the total population was reduced to just 130. The numbers have been gradually growing since (with the exception of 1961) ultimately leading to the most recently recorded population of 167.[15]

Population time series of Fakenham Magna 1801-2011
2011 ethnic groups in Fakenham Magna

Occupational Structure[edit]

The occupational structure of Fakenham Magna in 1881 illustrates a clear variation in specific job categories depending on the gender of the worker. It is shown that the vast majority of male workers were engaged in agriculture, in particular as agricultural labourers, farm servants or cottagers.[16] There is a relationship between this occupation and the surrounding environment, as Fakenham Magna is situated predominantly around farms and fields, making agriculture the most practical line of work. There is a gender inequality in terms of who was working in agriculture, as only two women were employed in this field, which is most likely due to the reliance on male workers to engage in more manual jobs in comparison to women who were more likely to stay at home. This is supported by the chart, as ⅔ of the women are in unknown/illegible occupations. The second most common occupation for women is that of domestic services (perhaps as maids or nannies) with all ten being domestic indoor servants.[17]

The 2011 Census, however, shows a clear reduction of the gender inequality in occupational structure from 1881. Of the 46 female workers in the village, 24 are in professional or secretarial occupations, making up 52% of the entire female workforce.[18] This is a strong contrast to the structure in 1881, where 92% of the female working population were employed as domestic servants or were in unknown or unspecified occupations.[19] The change in occupational structure is perhaps as a result of the improvement of women's rights over time, meaning that they are able to enter the public sphere which traditionally only consisted of men. The 1881 dominance of agriculture of the male workers also experienced a shift by 2011, with 22 of the 46 working men (48%) now being employed in managerial, professional or associate professional roles.[20] This again is a significant change in gender roles as males were now not just expected to engage in manual labour, and instead began to focus on academic employment.

Occupational structure of Fakenham Magna in 1881

Ethnicity[edit]

In 2011, 94.6% of Fakenham Magna's population was of White-British origin, with only nine people of other ethnicities. There were similar results from the 2001 Census, with 90.1% of the population also being of White-British origin. Both the Mixed (White and Black Caribbean) and Black (Caribbean) populations have decreased between 2001 to 2011, from three down to one. However, the Asian population has increased in the ten year period, rising from zero in 2001 to four in 2011.[21][22]

Church of St. Peter[edit]

The Church of St. Peter within Fakenham Magna is one of the few buildings in the village which serves a purpose other than housing, and is located in the centre of the village. The structure dates back to pre-10th century, "the oldest part of the present structure has pre Norman conquest quoins in the north and south nave walls and the bulk of the nave is from the 14th century as is the tower".[23] Despite surviving for over ten centuries, the church has become derelict and is in a state of disrepair, being described in 2016 as "neglected, probably disused, and... locked without a keyholder notice".[24] However, there was an internal restoration project carried out in the 19th century which successfully allowed it to still be in use to this day,[25] with services such as Holy Communion and Songs of Praise still taking place.[26]

House of Mutt[edit]

The House of Mutt in Fakenham Magna is a luxury hotel for dogs, used as an alternative for kennels, as an "upmarket retreat designed exclusively for pet dogs aiming to offer them a relaxing holiday while their owners are away."[27] It is based in The Old Rectory (or Rectory Cottage) which is a Grade II listed building[28] situated in the north of the village. It "sits in twelve acres of meadowland on the Euston Estate"[29] and is also close by the Blackbourne River, providing a good environment for the dogs who are able to be walked here. The hotel not only provides accommodation for the dogs, but also a grooming service, a trainer and a veterinary surgeon if needed.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Estimates of Total Population of Areas in Suffolk Archived December 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Suffolk County Council
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Fakenham Magna". Key to English Place Names. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 
  4. ^ "Parish: Fakenham Magna" (PDF). Suffolk Heritage. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 
  5. ^ "Parish: Fakenham Magna" (PDF). Suffolk Heritage. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 
  6. ^ "Fakenham Magna". The Blackbourne Team. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  7. ^ Bloomfield, Robert. "The Fakenham Ghost". Public Domain Poetry. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  8. ^ "Parish: Fakenham Magna" (PDF). Suffolk Heritage. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  9. ^ Marius Wilson, John (1870–72). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Edinburgh: A. Fullarton and Co. 
  10. ^ "Neolithic - Number of records found: 13.". Suffolk Heritage Explorer. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  11. ^ "Place: [Great] Fakenham". Open Domesday. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  12. ^ "1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".". Vision of Britain. GB Historical GIS/University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  13. ^ "Place: [Great] Fakenham". Open Domesday. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  14. ^ "Fakenham Magna (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 
  15. ^ "Fakenham Magna CP/AP through time | Population Statistics | Total Population". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  16. ^ "1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS/University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  17. ^ "1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10: " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS/University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  18. ^ "Occupation - Females, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  19. ^ "1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS/University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  20. ^ "Occupation - Males, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  21. ^ "Ethnic Group, 2001". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 
  22. ^ "Ethnic Group, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 
  23. ^ "Fakenham Magna, St Peter, Fakenham Magna". A Church Near You. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  24. ^ Knott, Simon. "St Peter, Fakenham Magna". Suffolk Churches. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  25. ^ "Fakenham Magna, St Peter". The Blackbourne Team. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  26. ^ "The Blackbourne Team of Churches - March Benefice Services". The Blackbourne Team. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  27. ^ Winter, Katy (16 January 2013). "New luxury hotel where you get treated like a dog... with long country walks, pampering spa sessions, handmade beds and even bespoke portrait painting". Mail Online. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  28. ^ "Rectory Cottage". Historic England. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 
  29. ^ "House of Mutt - Accommodation". House of Mutt. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  30. ^ "Sarah Mountford welcomes your dog to the House of Mutt!". Your Dog. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Fakenham Magna at Wikimedia Commons