Fakhr-al-Din al-Maani Castle

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Site of Palmyra
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iv
Reference 23
UNESCO region Arab States
Inscription history
Inscription 1980 (4th Session)
Endangered 2013–present
Fakhr-al-Din al-Maani Castle is located in Syria
Fakhr-al-Din al-Maani Castle
Location of Fakhr-al-Din al-Maani Castle in Syria.

Fakhr-al-Din al-Ma'ani Castle or Palmyra Castle is a castle in the province of Homs, Syria.

The castle is thought to have been built by the Mamluks in the 13th century[1] on a high hill overlooking the historic site of Palmyra, and is named for the Druze emir Fakhr-al-Din II, who extended the Druze domains to the region of Palmyra during the 16th century.

The site of the castle and Palmyra in 1980 became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in recognition of the monumental ruins of a great city, which was one of the most important cultural centres of the ancient world. The site was designated a national monument in Syria and a buffer zone was established in 2007.[2]

The castle lying on raised bedrock was a well defended position for a fortification with thick and high walls, which was also surrounded by a moat that had only one access available through a drawbridge.

The historic site in 2013 was placed on the list of World Heritage Sites in Danger due to the ongoing Syrian civil war. The Syrian government reported that there have been "illegal excavation acts in unexplored tombs in Palmyra". There are also pictures that appear to show government tanks using the Roman colonnaded road.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Warwick Ball, Syria: A Historical and Architectural Guide, 1994. ISBN 1-56656-665-7. p. 228
  2. ^ "Site of Palmyra". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "Syria's priceless heritage under attack". BBC News. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 

Coordinates: 34°33′46″N 38°15′25″E / 34.56278°N 38.25694°E / 34.56278; 38.25694