Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah
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Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah (Bengali: ফখরুদ্দিন মুবারক শাহ; reigned: 1338–1349) ruled an independent kingdom in areas that lie within modern-day eastern and southeastern Bangladesh. He is also the first Muslim ruler to conquest Chittagong, the principal port of Bengal region in 1340 AD.
Fakhruddin's capital was Sonargaon. It emerged as the principal city of the region as the capital of an independent sultanate during his reign. His conquests of Comilla and Noakhali were followed by territorial gains to the north Sylhet and south Chittagong. His military initiatives included a successful naval action against Sultan Alauddin Ali Shah of Lakhnauti. Shah sponsored several construction projects, including a trunk road and raised embankments, along with mosques and tombs. Ibn Batuta, after visiting his capital in 1346, described Shah as "a distinguished sovereign who loved strangers, particularly the fakirs and sufis."
He is credited to be the founder of independent Sultanate of Bengal, which lasted for about 200 years. Ikhtiyaruddin Ghazi Shah, who according to historian Jadunath Sarkar was most probably Fakhruddin's son, succeeded him and ruled the independent Sultanate from Sonargaon till 1352.
- Khan, Muazzam Hussain (2012). "Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- Sarkar, Jadunath (1973) [First published 1948]. The History of Bengal. Volume II: Muslim Period, 1200-1757. Patna: Academica Asiatica. p. 96. OCLC 924890.
- "About Chittagong:History". Local Government Engineering Department, Government of Bangladesh. Retrieved 2013-12-30.
- "Historic archaeological sites need to be preserved". The Daily Star. UNB. September 5, 2009. Retrieved 2013-12-23.
| Independent Sultan of Bengal
Ikhtiyaruddin Ghazi Shah
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