Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah

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Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah (Bengali: ফখরুদ্দিন মুবারক শাহ)(reigned: 1338–1349) ruled an independent kingdom in areas that lie within modern-day eastern and southeastern Bangladesh.[1][2] He is also the first Muslim ruler to conquest Chittagong, the principal port of Bengal region in 1340 AD.[3]

History[edit]

Fakhruddin's capital was Sonargaon.[1] Sonargaon emerged as the principal city of the region as the capital of an independent sultanate during the reign of Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah.[4] His conquests of Comilla and Noakhali were followed by territorial gains to the north Sylhet and south Chittagong.[1] His military initiatives included a successful naval action against Sultan Alauddin Ali Shah of Lakhnauti.[1] Shah sponsored several construction projects, including a trunk road and raised embankments, along with mosques and tombs.[1] Ibn Batuta, after visiting his capital in 1346, described Shah as "a distinguished sovereign who loved strangers, particularly the fakirs and sufis."[1][5]

He is credited to be the founder of independent Sultanate of Bengal, which lasted for about 200 years.[1][2] His son Ikhtiyaruddin Ghazi Shah was his successor and ruled the independent Sultanate from Sonargaon till 1352.[2]

Preceded by
Bahram Khan
Independent Sultan of Bengal
1338–1349
Succeeded by
Ikhtiyaruddin Ghazi Shah

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Muazzam Hussain Khan, Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah, Banglapedia: The National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Retrieved: 2011-04-23
  2. ^ a b c Sarkar, Jadunath (2003). The History of Bengal (Volume II): Muslim Period. Delhi: B.R. Publishing. ISBN 81-7646-239-X. 
  3. ^ "About Chittagong:History". Local Government Engineering Department, Government of Bangladesh. Retrieved: 2013-12-30
  4. ^ Historical Sites needs to be preserved, The Daily Star, September 5, 2009,Retrieved: 2013-12-23
  5. ^ Ibn Batuta, Famous Bengalis and Related Topics, Retrieved: 2013-12-23