Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah

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Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah (Bengali: ফখরুদ্দিন মুবারক শাহ; reigned: 1338–1349) ruled an independent kingdom in areas that lie within modern-day eastern and southeastern Bangladesh.[1][2] He is also the first Muslim ruler to conquest Chittagong, the principal port of Bengal region in 1340 AD.[3]

History[edit]

Fakhruddin's capital was Sonargaon.[1] It emerged as the principal city of the region as the capital of an independent sultanate during his reign.[4] His conquests of Comilla and Noakhali were followed by territorial gains to the north Sylhet and south Chittagong.[1] His military initiatives included a successful naval action against Sultan Alauddin Ali Shah of Lakhnauti.[1] Shah sponsored several construction projects, including a trunk road and raised embankments, along with mosques and tombs.[1] Ibn Batuta, after visiting his capital in 1346, described Shah as "a distinguished sovereign who loved strangers, particularly the fakirs and sufis."[1]

He is credited to be the founder of independent Sultanate of Bengal, which lasted for about 200 years.[1] Ikhtiyaruddin Ghazi Shah, who according to historian Jadunath Sarkar was most probably Fakhruddin's son, succeeded him and ruled the independent Sultanate from Sonargaon till 1352.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Khan, Muazzam Hussain (2012). "Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  2. ^ a b Sarkar, Jadunath (1973) [First published 1948]. The History of Bengal. Volume II: Muslim Period, 1200-1757. Patna: Academica Asiatica. p. 96. OCLC 924890.
  3. ^ "About Chittagong:History". Local Government Engineering Department, Government of Bangladesh. Retrieved 2013-12-30.
  4. ^ "Historic archaeological sites need to be preserved". The Daily Star. UNB. September 5, 2009. Retrieved 2013-12-23.
Preceded by
Bahram Khan
Independent Sultan of Bengal
1338–1349
Succeeded by
Ikhtiyaruddin Ghazi Shah