Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah
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|History of Bangladesh|
Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah (Bengali: ফখরুদ্দিন মুবারক শাহ)(reigned: 1338–1349) ruled an independent kingdom in areas that lie within modern-day eastern and southeastern Bangladesh. He is also the first Muslim ruler to conquest Chittagong, the principal port of Bengal region in 1340 AD.
Fakhruddin's capital was Sonargaon. Sonargaon emerged as the principal city of the region as the capital of an independent sultanate during the reign of Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah. His conquests of Comilla and Noakhali were followed by territorial gains to the north Sylhet and south Chittagong. His military initiatives included a successful naval action against Sultan Alauddin Ali Shah of Lakhnauti. Shah sponsored several construction projects, including a trunk road and raised embankments, along with mosques and tombs. Ibn Batuta, after visiting his capital in 1346, described Shah as "a distinguished sovereign who loved strangers, particularly the fakirs and sufis."
He is credited to be the founder of independent Sultanate of Bengal, which lasted for about 200 years. His son Ikhtiyaruddin Ghazi Shah was his successor and ruled the independent Sultanate from Sonargaon till 1352.
|Independent Sultan of Bengal
Ikhtiyaruddin Ghazi Shah
- Muazzam Hussain Khan, Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah, Banglapedia: The National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Retrieved: 2011-04-23
- Sarkar, Jadunath (2003). The History of Bengal (Volume II): Muslim Period. Delhi: B.R. Publishing. ISBN 81-7646-239-X.
- "About Chittagong:History". Local Government Engineering Department, Government of Bangladesh.Retrieved: 2013-12-30
- Historical Sites needs to be preserved, The Daily Star, September 5, 2009,Retrieved: 2013-12-23
- Ibn Batuta, Famous Bengalis and Related Topics, Retrieved: 2013-12-23
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