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The concept of faktura (Russian: фактура) is associated with Russian Constructivism. In the period after the Russian Revolution, new definitions of art had to be found, such as the definition of art objects as "laboratory experiments". "Fakture" was the single most important quality of these art objects, according to the critic Victor Shklovsky, referring to the material aspect of the surface.   The surface of the object had to demonstrate how it had been made, exhibiting its own distinct property.
Faktura-The visual demonstration of properties inherent to materials.
-Example: Corner Counter Relief - Vladimir Tatlin, 1915
- Christina Lodder and Benjamin Benus (2012). "Constructivism". Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- Crone, Rainer; Moos, David (1991). Kazimir Malevich: The Climax of Disclosure. Reaktion Books. ISBN 978-0-948462-81-8.
- Fer, Briony; Batchelor, David; Wood, Paul (1993-01-01). Realism, Rationalism, Surrealism: Art Between the Wars. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-05519-1.
- Gouch, Maria (1999). "Faktura: The Making of the Russian Avant-Garde". RES: Journal of Anthropology and Aesthetics 36 (1999): , 36, 32-59. Print. (36): 32–59.
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