Falange Española

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Falange Española
Leader José Antonio Primo de Rivera
Founded 29 October 1933
Dissolved 15 February 1934
Preceded by Movimiento Español Sindicalista
Succeeded by Falange Española de las JONS
Ideology Fascism
Political position Far-right

Falange Española (FE) (English: Spanish Phalanx) was a Spanish political organization of fascist inspiration active in 1933 and 1934.

History[edit]

García Valdecasas, Ruiz de Alda and Primo de Rivera in the 1933 foundational meeting

It was created on 29 October 1933 as successor of the Movimiento Español Sindicalista (MES), a similar organization founded earlier in 1933. The foundational meeting took place in La Comedia theatre of Madrid and was conducted by José Antonio Primo de Rivera, Julio Ruiz de Alda and Alfonso García Valdecasas.[1] In February 1934 after the bad results at the ballots in the 1933 election, José Antonio Primo de Rivera suggested a fusion of Falange Española with the Ramiro Ledesma's Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista, which was approved on 15 February.[2] The Falange Española de las JONS (FE de las JONS) was subsequently formed.

Its first clash with Marxist groups took place on 5 November 1933, when their militants had a rift with socialist sympathizers in the event of a football game in Almoradí (Province of Alicante).[3]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Albanese, Matteo; Hierro, Pablo del (2016). Transnational Fascism in the Twentieth Century: Spain, Italy and the Global Neo-Fascist Network. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4725-2250-4.
  • Box, Zira; Saz, Ismael (2011). "Spanish Fascism as a Political Religion (1931–1941)". Politics, Religion & Ideology. Taylor & Francis. 12 (4): 371–389. doi:10.1080/21567689.2011.624408. ISSN 2156-7697.
  • González Calleja, Eduardo (2011). Contrarrevolucionarios. Radicalización violenta de las derechas durante la Segunda República, 1931-1936. Madrid: Alianza Editorial. ISBN 978-84-206-6455-2.