Falcataria

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Falcataria
Starr 070215-4478 Falcataria moluccana.jpg
Falcataria moluccana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Tribe: Ingeae
Genus: Falcataria
(I.C.Nielsen) Barneby & J.W.Grimes[1]
Species

Falcataria is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the subfamily Mimosoideae.[1] The genus has three species previously classified in the genus Paraserianthes by I.C. Neilsen. The distribution of these closely related species within the genus Falcataria links the wet tropics of north-east Australia to New Guinea, the Moluccas, Bismarck Archipelago, and the Solomon Islands east of Wallace's line similar to other plant taxa from the region.[2]

Species[edit]

Taxonomy[edit]

Falcataria moluccana had previously been classified within the genera Adenanthera, Albizia, and Paraserianthes before being moved to the new genus Falcataria as the only species in the genus.[4] This widely cultivated timber tree is still called by the common name "albizia" in Hawaii and elsewhere.

The two additional species in the genus Paraserianthes (P. pullenii and P. toona) were identified using morphology to form the Falcataria group with P. falcataria (=Falcataria moluccana) by I.C. Neilsen.[5][6] A molecular phylogenetics study using genomic DNA and chloroplast DNA sequence data of these two species found them be closely related to Falcataria moluccana. These three species formed a well supported clade together that was distinctly different from Paraserianthes lophantha and so were moved to the genus Falcataria.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Falcataria (I. C. Nielsen) Barneby & J. W. Grimes". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-03-05. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gillian K. Brown, Daniel J. Murphy and Pauline Y. Ladiges (2011). "Relationships of the Australo-Malesian genus Paraserianthes (Mimosoideae: Leguminosae) identifies the sister group of Acacia sensu stricto and two biogeographical tracks.". Cladistics. 27: 380–390. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00349.x. 
  3. ^ "Species Records of Falcataria". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-02-28. 
  4. ^ R.C. Barneby and J.W. Grimes (1996). "Silk tree, Guanacaste, Monkey's earring: a generic system for the synandrous Mimoseae of the Americas. Part I. Abarema, Albizia and allies.". Memoirs New York Botanical Garden. 74: 1–292. 
  5. ^ a b c I.C. Nielsen, P. Guinet, and T. Baretta-Kuipers (1983). "Studies in the Malesian, Australian and Pacific Ingeae (Leguminosae – Mimosoideae): the genera Archidendropsis, Wallaceodendron, Paraserianthes, Pararchidendron and Serianthes (part 1).". Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, 4, ser. 5 sect. B, Adansonia. 3: 303–329. 
  6. ^ a b c I.C. Nielsen, P. Guinet, and T. Baretta-Kuipers (1983). "Studies in the Malesian, Australian and Pacific Ingeae (Leguminosae – Mimosoideae): the genera Archidendropsis, Wallaceodendron, Paraserianthes, Pararchidendron and Serianthes (part 2).". Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, 4, ser. 5 sect. B, Adansonia. 4: 335–360. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Falcataria at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Falcataria at Wikispecies