Dassault Falcon 50
|First flight||7 November 1976|
|Primary users||Armee de l'Air
South African Air Force
Italian Air Force
|Developed from||Dassault Falcon 20|
|Variants||Dassault Falcon 900|
The Dassault Falcon 50 is a French-built super mid-sized, long-range corporate jet, featuring a three jet engine layout with an S-duct central engine. It has the same fuselage cross-section and similar capacity as the earlier Falcon 20 twinjet but is a completely new design that is area ruled and includes a more advanced wing design.
Design and development
The first prototype flew on 7 November 1976, with French airworthiness certification on 27 February 1979, followed by U.S. Federal Aviation Administration certification on 7 March 1979. Dassault developed a maritime surveillance and environmental protection version as the Gardian 50
The Falcon 50 was later replaced by the Falcon 50EX, the first of which flew in 1996, and the last of which was delivered in 2008. The Falcon 50EX features improved engines and other enhancements to give further range improvements to an already long-legged jet. It remains a very popular corporate jet for its long-range, luxury, and for the recognition of status for owning a fast three-engined jet. The Falcon 50EX designation applies to serial numbers 251, and 253–352, which marks the end of the production line for the Falcon 50/50EX.
The last Falcon 50EX was built in late 2007 and delivered in early 2008.
Successors to the Falcon 50 are the Falcon 7X and the Falcon 900 featuring a larger fuselage and the same three-engine arrangement. Dassault announced in January 2008 what is essentially a replacement aircraft for the Falcon 50, codenamed the "SMS" (Super Mid Size). The basic design process, including engine selection was supposed to be completed by early 2009. However, in a June 2009 press conference, CEO Charles Edelstenne said that all design choices had been reopened and the goal was extended to the end of the year.
During the Iran–Iraq War several oil tankers had been sunk and in 1986 this led to Iran moving their oil exports to the Sirri Island oil terminal, an island that was out of reach of Iraqi Air Force reconnaissance. The Iraqi air force did operate two Dassault Mirage F1 variants, the F1EQ-4 and F1EQ-5, equipped for inflight refueling that could reach the oil terminal, but was reluctant to use them because that capability was still a secret. Iraqi Intelligence Service operated a Falcon 50 in VIP configuration and offered to install reconnaissance cameras in it, and then fly a clandestine sortie over Sirri Island. It would appear to be one of the many airliners flying along local commercial corridors.
The aircraft had the civil registration YI-ALE and Iraqi Airways markings, taking off from Queen Alia International Airport in Jordan and carrying a crew of two, plus three experienced Mirage pilots. Heading to Mumbai airport in India, the aircraft passed about 30 kilometers west of Sirri island. This was close enough for the crew to take photos using a handheld camera with a powerful optical zoom. They repeated the same procedure on the way back to Jordan the next day. The photographs facilitated a successful attack on the oil terminal on Sirri island with Mirage aircraft.
The Iraqi Air Force's Mirage F1EQ-5 was equipped with Exocet missiles but could carry only one. An aircraft that could carry two Exocet missiles and that would not draw attention to itself was desired, the Falcon 50 being considered suitable. The Thales Group was asked to modify the aircraft with the same radar and weapons system as the Mirage F1EQ-5, for alleged pilot training purposes.
The attack on USS Stark
Early on 17 May 1987 a pilot from No. 81 Squadron took off on the first attack mission from Wahda Air Base, 45 km south-west of Basra. At the edge of the Iraqi-declared exclusion zone north of Bahrain a medium-sized naval vessel was identified. The pilot determined that it was about to enter the exclusion zone and attacked the vessel with both Exocet missiles. The Iraqi government apologized and claimed that “The pilot mistook Stark for an Iranian tanker”. The American government accepted the apology and assigned blame to Iran instead. American intelligence was convinced it was a Mirage F1 that had attacked.
- The Italian Air Force operated four Falcon 50s from 1985 until 2005, when two aircraft were retired
- Royal Jordanian Air Force
- Jordanian Royal Flight
Accidents and incidents
- Assassination of Juvénal Habyarimana and Cyprien Ntaryamira: Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana, Burundian President Cyprien Ntaryamira, the Chief of Staff of the Rwandan military, two Burundian ministers, and seven others were killed when Habyarimana's Dassault Falcon 50 was shot down over Kigali airport on 6 April 1994. The assassination of Habyarimana triggered the Rwandan genocide. The plane crashed on the grounds of the presidential residence.
- 2014 Falcon 50 Vnukovo ground collision: On 20 October 2014 (2014.10.201.2357 Moscow Local Time) Falcon 50EX F-GLSA was departing from Vnukovo International Airport on a flight to Paris when the landing gear hit a snow plough snow removal vehicle. The aircraft attempted to land after the pilot reported an engine fire and damage to the fuselage, the Falcon landing gear collapsed when it landed hard and the aircraft turned upside down and was destroyed by fire. All four on board were killed, three crew members (Yann Pican, Maxime Rassiat, Ruslana Vervelle) and CEO of Total S.A. oil and gas company Christophe de Margerie.
Data from Flight International
- Crew: two
- Capacity: eight to nine passengers
- Length: 18.52 m (60 ft 9 in)
- Wingspan: 18.86 m (61 ft 10 in)
- Height: 6.98 m (22 ft 11 in)
- Wing area: 46.83 m² (504.1 ft²)
- Empty weight: 9889 kg (21800 lbs)
- Useful load: 8,119 kg (17,900 lbs)
- Max. takeoff weight: 18,008 kg (39,700 lbs)
- Max Landing Weight: 16,200kg / 35,715lbs
- Payload with full fuel: 1,080kg / 2,380lbs
- Fuel Capacity: 7039 kg / 15520 lbs
- Cabin Length: 23’ 6” / 7.16m
- Cabin Width: 6’ 1” / 1.86m
- Cabin Height: 5’ 11” / 1.80m
- Powerplant: 3 × Honeywell TFE731-40 turbofan engines, 16.46kN each (3,700 lbf) each
- Maximum speed: 1,015 km/h (548 ktas)
- Cruise speed: Mach 0.85 (488 kn; 903 km/h)
- Range: 5,695 km (3,075 nmi) ()
- Service ceiling: 14,936 m (49,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 10.43 m/s (2,053 fpm)
- Take off Distance: 1,490 m / 4,890 ft
- Landing Distance: 890 m / 2,920 ft
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- Taylor 1988, p.75.
- Taylor 1993, p.928
- Official website Aeronautica Militare
- "ASN Aircraft accident Dassault Falcon 50 9XR-NN Kigali". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 December 2008.
- Raymond Bonner (November 12, 1994). "Unsolved Rwanda Mystery: The President's Plane Crash". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- Accident description for ASN Aircraft accident 20-OCT-2014 Dassault Falcon 50EX F-GLSA at the Aviation Safety Network
- "Super Mid-Size Jets". Flight International.
- Taylor 1988, pp.75–76.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1993). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions.
- Taylor, John W. R. (editor). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1988–89. Coulsdon, Surrey, UK: Jane's Information Group. ISBN 0-7106-0867-5.
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