Dama (genus)

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Dama
Dülmen, Wildpark -- 2018 -- 3762.jpg
European fallow deer (D. dama)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Tribe: Cervini
Genus: Dama
Frisch, 1775
Type species
Cervus dama [1]
Linnaeus, 1758
Species

Dama is a genus of deer in the subfamily Cervinae, commonly referred to as fallow deer.[2]

Name[edit]

The name fallow is derived from the deer's pale brown colour. The Latin word dāma or damma, used for roe deer, gazelles, and antelopes, lies at the root of the modern scientific name, as well as the German Damhirsch, French daim, Dutch damhert, and Italian daino. In Croatian and Serbian, the name for the fallow deer is jelen lopatar ("shovel deer"), due to the form of its antlers. The Modern Hebrew name of the fallow deer is yachmur (יחמור).

Taxonomy and evolution[edit]

The genus includes two extant species:

Extant species[edit]

Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
Fallow deer in field.jpg D. dama European fallow deer Confirmed native only to Turkey, but potentially native to the Italian Peninsula, the Balkans, and the island of Rhodes in Greece; introduced from Roman times onwards to the rest of Europe, and around the world in more recent times
Persian Fallow Deer 1.jpg D. mesopotamica Persian fallow deer Iran and Israel; once ranged throughout the Middle East and eastern Turkey

Some taxonomists include the Persian fallow deer as a subspecies (D. d. mesopotamica),[3] while others, such as the IUCN, treat it as a different species (D. mesopotamica).[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  3. ^ Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  4. ^ Saltz, David; Rabiei, Alireza; Daujat, Julie; Baker, Karis; Noam Werner (IUCN SSC Deer SG / General Curator EAZA Deer TAG Chair, The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens (July 25, 2015). "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Dama mesopotamica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.