|Alternative names||Faludeh, paloodeh, paludeh, fālūdhaj|
|Course||Lunch & Dinner|
|Place of origin||Shiraz, Iran|
|Main ingredients||Vermicelli, syrup (sugar, rose water)|
Faloodeh (Persian: فالوده, romanized: fālūde) or paloodeh (Persian: پالوده, romanized: pālūde) is a traditional Iranian cold dessert similar to a sorbet. It consists of thin vermicelli-sized noodles made from starch in a semi-frozen syrup containing sugar and rose water. Faloodeh is often served with lime juice and sometimes ground pistachios.
In Iran, faloodeh is sold in ice cream stores and coffee shops in flavors such as pistachio, saffron, rosewater and honey, and can be served alongside bastani sonnati, a traditional Persian ice cream. Faloodeh Shirazi (Persian: فالوده شیرازی, romanized: fālūde Shirāzi), the version from the city of Shiraz, is particularly well-known.
The Persian word paloodeh is from the verb paloodan (Persian: پالودن) which means to refine. Faloodeh is an Arabicized form of paloodeh that appeared after the Arab conquest of Iran, due to a lack of the phoneme /p/ in Standard Arabic. In Arab medieval sources, it was known as Faloothaj (Arabic: فَالُوذَج, romanized: Fālūḏaǧ) for example in Al-Muḥkam wa-al-muḥīt al-aʻẓam.
A thin batter of starch (from potatoes, arrowroot, maize, or rice) is cooked, then pressed through a sieve producing delicate strings similar to cellophane noodles, that are then chilled in ice water. Afterwards, they are combined with the syrup mixture and rapidly cooled until the syrup is at least half-frozen.
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