False Pass, Alaska
False Pass looking north
|Incorporated||October 19, 1990|
|• Mayor||Tom Hoblet|
|• State senator||Lyman Hoffman (D-C)|
|• State rep.||Bryce Edgmon (I)|
|• Total||65.55 sq mi (169.76 km2)|
|• Land||25.07 sq mi (64.93 km2)|
|• Water||40.48 sq mi (104.83 km2)|
|Elevation||30 ft (9 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1.72/sq mi (0.66/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-8 (AKDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1418574|
False Pass (Aleut: Isanax̂) is a city on Unimak Island, in the Aleutians East Borough of southwestern Alaska, United States. The population was 35 at the 2010 census, down from 64 in 2000. The 2018 estimate is 49.
False Pass is an early English name for Isanotski Strait on which the city of False Pass is located. The strait was called "False Pass" by early American sailing ship captains because it was thought to be impassable for their deep draft vessels at the northern end. A salmon cannery was built on the Unimak Island side of the strait in 1919  which provided the nucleus for the modern settlement. A U.S. post office with the name of False Pass was established in 1921 which gave official status to the community.
Commercial fishing for salmon, cod, halibut and crab continues to be the core of the community's lifestyle and economy.
False Pass is at  It is near the eastern end of Unimak Island, in the Aleutian Islands chain. Part of the city (26.093 km2, or 10.075 sq mi) is on the mainland's westernmost tip Alaska Peninsula, across the Isanotski Strait (about 600 meters at the closest point), although that section is nearly unpopulated. The city boundaries include the abandoned villages of Morzhovoi and Ikatan.(54.827886, -163.399090).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 68.3 square miles (177 km2), of which 26.9 square miles (70 km2) is land and 41.4 square miles (107 km2) (60.63%) is water.
Boats and aircraft are the only transportation to and from False Pass. Aircraft use False Pass Airport.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
False Pass first appeared on the 1930 U.S. Census as the unincorporated area of "Unimak." This included the populations of both False Pass and Ikatan. It reported again in 1940, but in 1950, was returned separately as False Pass (as an unincorporated village). It was made a census-designated place in 1980.
As of the census of 2000, there were 64 people, 22 households, and 13 families residing in the city. The population density was 2.4 people per square mile (0.9/km2). There were 40 housing units at an average density of 1.5 per square mile (0.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 62.50% Native American, 26.56% White, 1.56% from other races, and 9.38% from two or more races. 1.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 22 households, out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 22.7% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.79.
In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 35.9% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 18.8% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, and 4.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $49,375, and the median income for a family was $70,625. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $37,083 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,465. There were 11.1% of families and 8.0% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 50.0% of those over 64.
Occupation categories for the 2000 census are shown in the accompanying pie chart.
The community has traditionally depended upon commercial fishing, but it now employs only 24% of the workforce or 10 individuals. These individuals are boat captains and crewmen. As in many modern American communities, white collar sales/office and management positions now employ 51% of the employment positions or 21 people.
- 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 56.
- 2015 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League. 2015. p. 62.
- "Senator Lyman Hoffman". Alaska Senate Majority. Alaskasenate.org. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- Bergsland, K. (1994). Aleut Dictionary. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center.
- Pacific Fisherman, vol 18, p.103, M. Freeman, Portland, Oregon, 1920
- Orth, Donald J.: Dictionary of Alaska Place Names, Geological Survey professional paper, 567, 1967, USGPO, Washington
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Community Database Online, False Pass. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 10, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), accessed October 7, 2010
- "Schools Archived February 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine." Aleutians East Borough School District. Retrieved on February 20, 2017.
- Aleutian Islands, Aleutian Peninsula Debris Removal: Environmental Impact Statement. United States Army Corps of Engineers, 1980. p. 58.
- Aleutian Islands, Aleutian Peninsula Debris Removal: Environmental Impact Statement. United States Army Corps of Engineers, 1980. p. 59.
- Media related to False Pass, Alaska at Wikimedia Commons