Family K1

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Family K1 is a small group of the New Testament manuscripts. It belongs to the Byzantine text-type as one of the textual families of this group. It has five uncials, and several early minuscules. It is one of the smallest subfamilies of the Byzantine text-type, but one of the oldest.


The group was discovered by Hermann von Soden and designated by him with the symbol K1.[1] Wisse included this group to the Kx (and Ki), and according to him it is the only subgroup or cluster of Kx.[2] But the opinion of Wisse is based on a small sample size, only three chapters of Luke — chapters 1; 10; and 20. Based on age alone, it appears that K1 is independent of Kx.[3] The leading members of the group, according to Soden, are manuscripts S, V, and Ω.

According to Soden the group K1 is the oldest form of the Kappa–text, dating from the 4th century and resulting from Lucian's recension.[4]

The texts of Matthew 16:2b–3 (the signs of the times), Luke 22:43-44, John 5:3.4, and the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53–8:11) are marked with an asterisk (※) as doubtful. The text of Mark 16:8-20 has not numbered by κεφαλαια (chapters) at the margin and their τιτλοι (titles) at the top.[5]

The group probably evolved from Family E. It represents the earliest stage of the Kappa-text.

Members of the family[edit]

See also[edit]

Other subfamilies of the Byzantine text
Families associated with the Byzantine text


  1. ^ Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften, I/2.
  2. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. pp. 41, 50. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  3. ^ Encyclopedia of Textual Criticism
  4. ^ H. von Soden, Die Schriften des Neuen Testaments, I/2, p. 718.
  5. ^ H. von Soden, Die Schriften des Neuen Testaments, I/2, p. 720.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hermann von Soden (1902–1910). Die Schriften des Neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte. Berlin: Verlag von Arthur Glaue. pp. 718–721. 

External links[edit]