Family Kr

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Family Kr is a large group of the New Testament manuscripts. It belongs to the Byzantine text-type as one of the textual families of this group. It has no uncials, no early minuscules, it has only hundreds of minuscules.

Description[edit]

The group was discovered by Hermann von Soden and designated by him with symbol Kr.[1] According to Soden, the group is the result of an early 12th century attempt to create a unified New Testament text; the copying was controlled and the accuracy in unequalled in the history of the transmission of the New Testament text. Text Kr gained in popularity and became the most copied Greek text of the late Middle Ages. On the basis of the present location of most of the members of the group, it appears to have originated in the area of Constantinople or Mount Athos. Majority of manuscript can be recognized by the distinctive marginal lectionary equipment which are different from the traditional Eusebian Canons. Von Soden used this markings to identify Kr members. The text of the group is also distinct and easy to identifying.[2]

One characteristic of these manuscripts is that the story of Jesus and the woman taken in adultery (John 7:53-8:11) is marked with obeli. Maurice Robinson argues that these marks do not represent a textual judgment, but are intended as a reminder that these verses are to be omitted when reading the Gospel for Pentecost, (John 7:37-8:12).

David O. Voss confirmed distinctiveness of the Kr group. He enumerated some readings typical for this group.[3]

Wisse's group readings in Luke 1, 10, and 20[edit]

The word before the bracket is the reading of the UBS edition; the readings which are not bold are those of the Textus Receptus.[4]

Luke 1:44 — εν αγαλλιασει το βρεφος ] το βρεφος εν αγαλλιασει
Luke 1:55 — εις τον αιωνα ] εως αιωνος
Luke 1:63 — εστι(ν) ] εσται
Luke 10:4 — μη ] μηδε
Luke 10:12 — λεγω ] + δε
Luke 10:36 — πλησιον δοκει σοι ] δοκει σοι πλησιον
Luke 10:39 — τον λογον ] των λογων
Luke 10:41 — ειπεν αυτη ο κυριος (or Ιησους) ] ο κυριος ειπεν αυτη
Luke 20:1 — αρχιερεις ] ιερεις
Luke 20:5 — δια τι ] + ουν
Luke 20:9 — τις ] οmit
Luke 20:15 — αυτον ] οmit
Luke 20:19 — τον λαον ] οmit
Luke 20:28 — Μωυσης ] Μωσης
Luke 20:31 — επτα ] + και
Luke 20:34 — γαμιζονται ] εγκαμιζονται (ΤR reads: εγκαμισκονται)
Luke 20:37 — Μωυσης ] Μωσης.[5]

Members of the family[edit]

Wisse enumerated 221 manuscripts of this family: 18, 35, 47, 55, 56, 58, 66, 83, 128, 141, 147, 155, 167, 170, 182, 189, 201, 204, 214, 246, 285, 290, 361, 363, 386, 387, 394, 402, 479, 480, 483 (Luke corrector), 510, 511, 512, 516, 521, 547, 553, 558, 575, 586, 588, 594, 645, 660, 664, 673, 685, 689, 691, 694, 696, 757, 758, 763, 769, 781, 786, 789, 797, 802, 806, 824, 825, 845, 867, 897, 928, 932, 938, 940, 952, 953, 955, 959, 960, 962, 966, 973, 975, 1003, 1020, 1023, 1025, 1030, 1046, 1059, 1062, 1072, 1075, 1082, 1092, 1095, 1111, 1116, 1145, 1156, 1147, 1158, 1165, 1169, 1176, 1185, 1189, 1190, 1199, 1224, 1234, 1236, 1247, 1250, 1251, 1276, 1323, 1328, 1329, 1334, 1339, 1348, 1389, 1400, 1401, 1409, 1435, 1445, 1453, 1461, 1462, 1471, 1476, 1480, 1482, 1487, 1488, 1489, 1492, 1493, 1496, 1499, 1501, 1503, 1508, 1517, 1543, 1544, 1548, 1551, 1552, 1559, 1560, 1572, 1576, 1584, 1596, 1599, 1600, 1601, 1614, 1617, 1619, 1621, 1622, 1625, 1628, 1633, 1634, 1636, 1637, 1638, 1648, 1649, 1650, 1656, 1658, 1659, 1664, 1667, 1686, 1694, 1698, 1699, 1703, 1713, 1813, 2122, 2135, 2204, 2221, 2260, 2261, 2273, 2284, 2296, 3222, 2323, 2355, 2364, 2367, 2370, 2382, 2399, 2407, 2452, 2454, 2460, 2466, 2483, 2496, 2503, 2520, 2554, 2621, 2635, 2673, 2689, 2692, 2709, 2765, 2767.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ H. von Soden Die Schriften des Neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte, Verlag von Arthur Glaue, Berlin 1902-1910, pp. 757-765, 799-805.
  2. ^ F. Wisse, The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke, William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1982, p. 92.
  3. ^ David O. Voss, Is von Soden's Kr a distinct type of Text? JBL 57 (1938), pp. 311-318.
  4. ^ F. Wisse, The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, p. 95,
  5. ^ Frederik Wisse, The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1982, p. 92, 122-125.
  6. ^ F. Wisse, The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1982, pp. 92-93.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften des Neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte, Verlag von Arthur Glaue, Berlin 1902-1910, pp. 757–765, 799-805.
  • David Ole Voss, Is von Soden's Kr a distinct type of Text? JBL 57 (1938), pp. 311–318.

External links[edit]