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Family tree of the Greek gods

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The following is a family tree of gods, goddesses, and other divine and semi-divine figures from Ancient Greek mythology and Ancient Greek religion.

Chaos
The Void
Tartarus
The Abyss
Gaia
The Earth
Eros
Desire[a]
Erebus
Darkness
Nyx
The Night
Moros
Doom
Oneiroi
Dreams
Nemesis
Retribution
Momus
Blame
Philotes
Affection
Geras
Aging
TyphonUranus
The Sky
Ourea
Mountains
Pontus
The Sea
Aether
Heaven
Hemera
The Day
Thanatos
Death
Hypnos
Sleep
Eris
Strife
Apate
Deceit
Oizys
Distress
ErinyesGigantesMeliaeAphrodite[b]HecatonchiresTitansCyclopesEchidnaHesperides[c]KeresMoiraeCharon
OceanusTethysHyperionTheiaCoeusPhoebeCronusRheaThemisMnemosyneCriusIapetus
OceanidsClymeneHeliosEosAsteriaDemeterHestia[d]HeraPrometheusEpimetheus
InachusMeliaHeliadesSeleneLetoHadesPoseidonZeusMusesAtlas
IoPleione
ApolloArtemisPersephoneAthenaHebeHephaestusAres
AmphitriteHyadesPleiades
EpaphusDioneEnyoEileithyia
DryopeMaia
AlcmeneSemeleHermesAphrodite[b]
HeraclesDionysus[d]PanTycheRhodePeithoEunomiaHermaphroditusEros[a]HarmoniaDeimos
AnterosHimerosPhobos

Key: The names of the generally accepted Olympians[11] are given in bold font.
Key: The names of the twelve first-generation Titans have a green background.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b There are conflicting stories regarding the origins of Eros. Eros is usually mentioned as the son of Aphrodite and Ares, but Hesiod's Theogony places him as one of the primordial beings which came after Chaos.[1]
  2. ^ a b There are two major conflicting stories for Aphrodite's origins: Hesiod, in his Theogony, claims that she was "born" from the foam of the sea after Cronus castrated Uranus, thus making her Uranus' daughter;[2] Homer, however, in his Iliad, has Aphrodite as daughter of Zeus and Dione.[3] According to Plato, however, the two were entirely separate entities: Aphrodite Ourania and Aphrodite Pandemos.[4]
  3. ^ Hesiod puts Nyx as the mother of the Hesperides;[5] they are alternatively daughters of Nyx and Erebus,[6] of Atlas,[7] of Atlas and Hesperis,[8] of Phorcys and Ceto,[9] or of Zeus and Themis.[10]
  4. ^ a b Either Hestia or Dionysus is considered the 12th Olympian.

References

  1. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 120.
  2. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 190–200.
  3. ^ Homer, Iliad 370.
  4. ^ Plato, Symposium, 180e.
  5. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 215.
  6. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae Preface; Cicero, De Natura Deorum 3.44.
  7. ^ Hyginus, De Astronomica 2.3.1 [= Pherecydes, fr. 33a (FGrHist, p. 79)].
  8. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica 4.27.2.
  9. ^ scholia in Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica, 4.1399.
  10. ^ Scholiast on Euripides, Hippolytus 742 (Cavarezan, p. 288) [= Pherecydes fr. 16d Fowler (p. 286) = FGrH 3 F33a].
  11. ^ Ogden, Daniel (2010-02-01). A Companion to Greek Religion. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1-4443-3417-3.

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