Family of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad

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Family of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
Ethnicity Mixed ethnicity
Current region United Kingdom London, United Kingdom + USA + Canada + Middle East + South East Asia
Members Mirza Hadi Baig
Mirza Faiz Muhammad
Mirza Gul Muhammad
Mirza Ghulam Murtaza
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad
Mirza Nasir Ahmad
Mirza Tahir Ahmad
Mirza Masroor Ahmad
Distinctions Ahmadiyya
Estate Qadian

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad belonged to a royal family who originally came from Central Asia and had settled in India. The family was a pioneer of promoting Islam in the country until the claiming of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and formation of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. The family originally hailed from what is nowadays Uzbekistan, with the great ancestor of the line being a member and descendant of the Mughal Barlas tribe.[1] They were amongst the ancestral families that gave birth to the later Mughal Emperors. The family had remained in royal post during the Mughal Empire.

The ancestors of family and politics of Qadian-1530-1802[edit]

In 1530, Mirza Hadi Baig who was a great ancestor of the family and a member of the Barlas tribe, left Samarkand for India. He was a descendant of King Timur He migrated with 200 men to Punjab. During, this time King Babur successfully became the emperor of India. For 300 years, the family was in charge of Islamic State of Qadian then the Sikhs began to rise in Punjab. The Islamic State of Qadian and the leader of the family was exiled to another Indian state. The Sikh offered some villages to the elder but he refused saying that it is not according to their family traditions. The Mughal emperors did not take this situation seriously as a threat to themselves which allowed the formation of Sikh Empire in Punjab. At the time of Mirza Ghulam Murtaza, the father of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Maharaja Ranjit Singh offered him five villages. First he had to take allegiance with the Sikh Army. After the defeat of Sikh by the British, in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, he sided with British Army. Qadian was taken away from and he was given a pension.

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, founder of Ahmadiyya[edit]

Murtaza spent his life in returning the estate of Qadian. He did not live long to see his son's life. His son Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was a religious scholar from India who was publicly known. In 1891, he claimed to be Messiah and Imam Mahdi whom the Muslims were waiting for and since death of Jesus. The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was formed in 1889. It resulted in his rejection by the majority of the Muslim, Christian and Hindus clerics.

Caliphate and Family[edit]

Main article: Khalifatul Masih

Except the first Caliph of the community who was not from the family of Ahmad. His son succeeded him as the second caliph. The latter three caliphs are his grandsons and belong to his family.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adil Hussain Khan. "From Sufism to Ahmadiyya: A Muslim Minority Movement in South Asia" Indiana University Press, 6 apr. 2015 ISBN 978-0253015297 p 21