Family tree of Ali

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Ali (Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib) (علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب) (599 – 661) was an early Islamic leader. He is revered by Sunni Muslims as the last of the four Rightly Guided Caliphs and as a foremost religious authority on the Qur'an and Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Shi'a Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the first rightful caliph. Ali was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to Fatimah he also became Muhammad's son-in-law.

His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatima bint Asad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle and Ali's father. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Ali was the first male to accept his message and first to convert to Islam at the age of 12, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.[1][2][3]

In Muslim culture, Ali is respected for his courage, knowledge, belief, honesty to Islam, deep loyalty to Muhammad, equal treatment of all Muslims and generosity in forgiving his defeated enemies, and therefore is central to mystical traditions in Islam such as Sufism. Ali retains his stature as an authority on Quranic exegesis, Islamic jurisprudence and religious thought.[4] Ali holds a high position in almost all Sufi orders which trace their lineage through him to Muhammad. Ali's influence has been important throughout Islamic history.

Family tree[edit]

Kilab ibn Murrah Fatimah bint Sa'd
Banu Azd
Qusai ibn Kilab Hubba bint Hulail
Banu Khuza'a
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai Atikah bint Murrah
Banu Hawazin
Salma bint Amr
Banu Najjar
Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf Qaylah bint Amr
Banu Khuza'a
Fatimah bint Amr
Banu Makhzum
Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim Asad ibn Hashim
Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib Fatimah bint Asad
Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib Talib ibn Abi Talib Aqeel ibn Abi Talib Fakhitah bint Abi Talib
Muhammad Ibn AbdullahMuhammad2.png Ja'far ibn Abi Talib Jumanah bint Abi Talib
Fatimah al-Zahra bint MuhammadFatimah Calligraphy.png Ali al-Murtadha ibn Abi TalibRashidun Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib - علي بن أبي طالب.svg

Family tree[edit]

Paternal grand father: Shaiba ibn Hashim ('Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim), see Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
Paternal grand mother: Fatimah bint Amr
Father: Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
Mother: Fatima bint Asad
Brother: Ja`far ibn Abī Tālib
Nephew: Awn ibn Ja'far
Nephew: Abdullah ibn Ja'farmarried Zaynab bint Ali
Grand Nephews: Aun ibn Abdillah and Muhammad ibn Abdillahdied at the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Aqeel ibn Abi Talib
Nephew: Muslim ibn Aqeeldied before the Battle of Karbala
Grand Nephews: Muhammad ibn Muslim and Ibraheem ibn Muslimdied before the Battle of Karbala
Brother: Talib ibn Abu Talib
Sister: Fakhitah bint Abi Talib
Sister: Jumanah bint Abi Talib
Himself: Ali
Father in law: Muhammad, see Family tree of Muhammad[5]
Wife: Fatimah — daughter of Muhammad
Daughter: Zaynab bint Alisurvived the Battle of Karbala
Daughter: Umm Kulthum bint Ali - Wife of Umar, second Caliph of Rashidun Caliphate[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16]
Son: Muhsin ibn Alidied before birth (Shia) or during infancy (Sunni)
Son: Hasan ibn Alidied by poison during the reign of Muawiyah I
Grandson: Qasim ibn Hasandied at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Meesam ibn Hasan died at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Abdullah ibn Hasan died at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Sayyid al-Hasan al-Muthanna
Grand daughter: Fatimah bint al-Hasan
Great Grandson: Abdallah ibn Hasan al-Muthanna
Great Great Grandson: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya
Son: Husayn ibn Alidied at the Battle of Karbala, see also Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali
Grand daughter: Sukayna bint Husaynsurvived the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayndied at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayndied at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Zayn al-Abidinonly male that survived the Battle of Karbala
Great grandson: Muhammad al-Baqir
Great grandson: Zayd ibn Ali
Wife: Umamah bint Zainab
Son: Hilal ibn Ali
Wife: Umm ul-Banin — which means mother of many sons her real name Fatima bint Hizam al-Qilabiyya.
Son: Al-Abbas ibn Alidied at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Ubaydullah ibn al-Abbas
Grandson: Al-Fadl ibn al-Abbasdied at the Battle of Karbala
Grandson: Qasim ibn al-Abbasdied at the Battle of Karbala
Son: Abdullah ibn Ali — died at the Battle of Karbala
Son: Jafar ibn Alidied at the Battle of Karbala
Son: Musa ibn Alidied at the Battle of Karbala
Wife: Leila bint Masoud
Son: Ubaid Allah bin Ali
Son: Abi Bakr bin Ali
Wife: Khawlah bint Ja'far
Son: Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
Wife: Asma bint Umays
Son: Yahya bin Ali d:61H
Son: Muhammad Al Asgar ibn Alidied at the Battle of Karbala
Step daughter: Umm Kulthum bint Abi Bakr
Step son: Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr
Step son: Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr
Paternal uncle: Hamza ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
Paternal uncle: Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib — father of Muhammad
Paternal aunt: Aminah bint Wahb — mother of Muhammad
Cousin: Muhammad
Cousin's daughter: Fatimah

Family tree of the descendants of Ali[edit]

Fatimah bint Muhammad
(Family tree)
Ali al-Murtazā ibn Abi Talib
(Family tree)
Khawlah bint Ja'far
(Family tree)
Hasan al-Mujtabā al-Husayn
(Family tree)
Muhammad ibn
al-Hanafiyyah
Muhammad Zayd Qāsim Hasan al-Mu'thannā Abu Bakr Fātimah bint Hasan Ali Zayn
al-Abedin
Ali Abu Hashim
Hasan Yahya Muhammad Abd Allah Talha Hasan Abu Bakr
(Family tree)
Hasan (Alavids) Maymūnah Umm al-Husayn[17] Ali Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr
Abdallah Daud Hasan Ibrahim Jā`far Muhammad Hasan Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sulayman Ali Ismail Hasan Ali Muhammad al-Baqir Umm Farwah bint al-Qasim
Sulaymanids
of Yemen
and Mecca
Husayn
Sahib Fakhkh
Ibrahim
Tabataba
Hasan Husayn 'Umar al-Ashraf Zayd ibn Ali Jā`far al-Ṣādiq
Muhammad al-Qasim ar-Rassi Ubayd Allah Yahya Idris
Imams
of Yemen
Hasan al-Utrush Hasan Husayn
Musa al-Djawn Yahya Ibrahim Idris I of Morocco Sulayman Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya Jā`far Isa
Ibrahim Ali Abd Allah Idrisids of
Morroco
and
Hammudids
of Spain
Sulaymanids
of the Maghrib
Sharifs
of Morocco
Sharifs
of Sus
Yahya ibn Umar ibn Yahya ibn Husayn ibn Zayd al-Kūfī
Yusuf
al-Ukhaidhir
Husayn
al-Ukhaidhir
Ismāʿīl ibn Jā`far Abdullah al-Aftah Musa
al-Kazim
Ishak Muhammad
al-Dibadj
Banu al-Ukhaidhir Musa Salih Sulayman Muhammad ibn Ismāʿīl Muhammad ibn Abdullah Ali
al-Rida
Ahmad
Muhammad ibn Yusuf Banu Katada of Mecca & Banu Fulayta Banu Salih
of Ghana
Sulaymanid
Sharifs
Hidden Imams Muhammad
al-Djawad
Yusuf ibn Muhammad Fatimid
Caliphs
Musa al-Mubarraqa Ali al-Hadi
Ismāʿīl ibn Yusuf Imams of Alamut Muhammad Hasan
al-Askari
Jā`far
Hassan ibn Ismāʿīl Muhammad
al-Mahdi
Ahmad ibn Hassan
Abu'l-Muqallid Jā`far[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tabatabaei 1979, p. 191
  2. ^ Ashraf 2005, p. 14
  3. ^ Diana, Steigerwald. "Alī ibn Abu Talib". Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim world; vol.1. MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-02-865604-5. 
  4. ^ Madelung 1997, p. 309 and 310
  5. ^ Books, Happy. "Family Tree of Ali ibn Abi Taalib". Happy Books. Retrieved 2 July 2011. 
  6. ^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Majalis ul-Mo’mineen. pp. 85–89. 
  7. ^ al-Murtaza, Sharif. Al-Shaafi. p. 116. 
  8. ^ Al-Hadid, Hibatullah. Sharh Nahj ul-Balagha 3. p. 124. 
  9. ^ Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir. Bihar al-Anwar. p. 621. 
  10. ^ Ardabili, Muqaddas. Hadiqat al-Shi’a. p. 277. 
  11. ^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Masa'ib un-Nawasib. p. 170. 
  12. ^ Al-Amili, Zayn al-Din al-Juna'i. "Lawahiq-al-‘Aqd". Masalik al-Ifham fi Sharh Shara-il-Islam 1. 
  13. ^ Qumi, Abbas. Muntahi al-Aamal 1. p. 186. 
  14. ^ Shahidi, Sayyed Ja'far. Life of Fatemeh Zahra(SA). pp. 263–265. 
  15. ^ Baqir, Muhammad. Mir'at ul-Uqool 21. p. 199. 
  16. ^ Al-Tusi, Nasir Al-Din. Al-Mabsoot 4. p. 272. 
  17. ^ Al-Yasin, Shaykh Radi. "1". Sulh al-Hasan. Jasim al-Rasheed. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. p. 4. 
  18. ^ Madelung, "Al-Ukhaydir," p. 792