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( Ali Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib) ( ) (599 – 661) was an early علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب Islamic leader. He is revered by Sunni Muslims as the last of the four Rightly Guided Caliphs and as a foremost religious authority on the Qur'an and (Islamic jurisprudence). Fiqh Shi'a Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the first rightful caliph. Ali was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to Fatimah he also became Muhammad's son-in-law.
His father was Abu Talib and his mother was
Fatima bint Asad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle and Ali's father. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Ali was the first male to accept his message and first to convert to Islam at the age of 12, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam. [1 ] [2 ] [3 ]
Muslim culture, Ali is respected for his courage, knowledge, belief, honesty to Islam, deep loyalty to Muhammad, equal treatment of all Muslims and generosity in forgiving his defeated enemies, and therefore is central to mystical traditions in Islam such as Sufism. Ali retains his stature as an authority on Quranic exegesis, Islamic jurisprudence and religious thought. Ali holds a high position in almost all Sufi orders which trace their lineage through him to Muhammad. Ali's influence has been important throughout [4 ] Islamic history.
Family tree [ edit ]
Family tree [ edit ]
Paternal grand father:
Shaiba ibn Hashim ('Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim), see Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim Paternal grand mother:
Fatimah bint Amr
Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib Mother:
Fatima bint Asad
Ja`far ibn Abī Tālib
Awn ibn Ja'far — Nephew:
Abdullah ibn Ja'far — married
Zaynab bint Ali
Aun ibn Abdillah and Muhammad ibn Abdillah — died at the Battle of Karbala Brother:
Aqeel ibn Abi Talib
Muslim ibn Aqeel — died before the Battle of Karbala
Muhammad ibn Muslim and Ibraheem ibn Muslim — died before the Battle of Karbala Brother:
Talib ibn Abu Talib Sister:
Fakhitah bint Abi Talib Sister:
Jumanah bint Abi Talib
Father in law:
Muhammad, see Family tree of Muhammad
Fatimah — daughter of Muhammad
Zaynab bint Ali — survived the Battle of Karbala Daughter:
Umm Kulthum bint Ali - Wife of Umar, second Caliph of Rashidun Caliphate [6 ] [7 ] [8 ] [9 ] [10 ] [11 ] [12 ] [13 ] [14 ] [15 ] [16 ] Son:
Muhsin ibn Ali — died before birth ( Shia) or during infancy ( Sunni) Son:
Hasan ibn Ali — died by poison during the reign of
Qasim ibn Hasan — died at the Battle of Karbala Grandson:
Meesam ibn Hasan died at the Battle of Karbala Grandson:
Abdullah ibn Hasan died at the Battle of Karbala Grandson:
Sayyid al-Hasan al-Muthanna Grand daughter:
Fatimah bint al-Hasan
Abdallah ibn Hasan al-Muthanna
Great Great Grandson:
Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya Son:
Husayn ibn Ali — died at the Battle of Karbala, see also
Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali
Sukayna bint Husayn — survived the Battle of Karbala Grandson:
Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn — died at the Battle of Karbala Grandson:
Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn — died at the Battle of Karbala Grandson:
Zayn al-Abidin — only male that survived the Battle of Karbala
Muhammad al-Baqir Great grandson:
Zayd ibn Ali
Umamah bint Zainab
Hilal ibn Ali
Umm ul-Banin — which means mother of many sons her real name Fatima bint Hizam al-Qilabiyya.
Al-Abbas ibn Ali — died at the Battle of Karbala
Ubaydullah ibn al-Abbas Grandson:
Al-Fadl ibn al-Abbas — died at the Battle of Karbala Grandson:
Qasim ibn al-Abbas — died at the Battle of Karbala Son: Abdullah ibn Ali —
died at the Battle of Karbala Son:
Jafar ibn Ali — died at the Battle of Karbala Son:
Musa ibn Ali — died at the Battle of Karbala
Leila bint Masoud
Ubaid Allah bin Ali Son:
Abi Bakr bin Ali
Khawlah bint Ja'far
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
Asma bint Umays
Yahya bin Ali d:61H Son:
Muhammad Al Asgar ibn Ali — died at the Battle of Karbala Step daughter:
Umm Kulthum bint Abi Bakr Step son:
Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr Step son:
Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr
Hamza ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib — father of Muhammad Paternal aunt:
Aminah bint Wahb — mother of Muhammad
Family tree of the descendants of Ali [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Tabatabaei 1979, p. 191
^ Ashraf 2005, p. 14
^ Diana, Steigerwald. "Alī ibn Abu Talib". Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim world; vol.1. MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-02-865604-5.
^ Madelung 1997, p. 309 and 310
^ Books, Happy. "Family Tree of Ali ibn Abi Taalib". Happy Books . Retrieved . 2 July 2011
^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Majalis ul-Mo’mineen. pp. 85–89.
^ al-Murtaza, Sharif. Al-Shaafi. p. 116.
^ Al-Hadid, Hibatullah. Sharh Nahj ul-Balagha 3. p. 124.
^ Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir. Bihar al-Anwar. p. 621.
^ Ardabili, Muqaddas. Hadiqat al-Shi’a. p. 277.
^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Masa'ib un-Nawasib. p. 170.
^ Al-Amili, Zayn al-Din al-Juna'i. "Lawahiq-al-‘Aqd". Masalik al-Ifham fi Sharh Shara-il-Islam 1.
^ Qumi, Abbas. Muntahi al-Aamal 1. p. 186.
^ Shahidi, Sayyed Ja'far. Life of Fatemeh Zahra(SA). pp. 263–265.
^ Baqir, Muhammad. Mir'at ul-Uqool 21. p. 199.
^ Al-Tusi, Nasir Al-Din. Al-Mabsoot 4. p. 272.
^ Al-Yasin, Shaykh Radi. "1". Sulh al-Hasan. Jasim al-Rasheed. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. p. 4.
^ Madelung, "Al-Ukhaydir," p. 792