Family tree of Ali
|Part of a series on|
This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Alī ibn Abī Tālib (Arabic: عَـلِي ابـن أَﺑِﻲ طَـالِـب, 599 – 661 ACE) was an early[a] Islamic leader. Ali is revered by Sunni Muslims as the last of the four Rightly Guided Caliphs, and as a foremost religious authority on the Qur'an and Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Shi'a Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the first rightful caliph. Ali was the cousin of Muhammad, and after marriage to Fatimah he also became Muhammad's son-in-law. His descendants through Fatimah are revered today in Shia Islam as Imams, Sharifs or Sayyids.
His father was Abu Talib and his mother was Fatima bint Asad, but he was raised in the household of Muhammad, who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, Ali was the first child to accept his message and first to convert to Islam at the age of 12, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.
In Muslim culture, Ali is respected for his courage, knowledge, belief, honesty to Islam, deep loyalty to Muhammad, equal treatment of all Muslims and generosity in forgiving his defeated enemies, and therefore is central to mystical traditions in Islam such as Sufism. Ali retains his stature as an authority on Quranic exegesis, Islamic jurisprudence and religious thought. Ali holds a high position in almost all Sufi orders which trace their lineage through him to Muhammad. Ali's influence has been important throughout Islamic history.
Family tree (graphical)
Family tree (textual)
- Paternal grand father: Shaiba ibn Hashim ('Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim), see Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
- Paternal grand mother: Fatimah bint Amr
- Father: Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
- Mother: Fatima bint Asad
- Brother: Ja`far ibn Abī Tālib
- Brother: Aqeel ibn Abi Talib
- Brother: Talib ibn Abu Talib
- Sister: Fakhitah bint Abi Talib
- Sister: Jumanah bint Abi Talib
- Paternal uncle: Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib
- Paternal uncle: Abd Allah ibn Abd al Muttalib — father of Muhammad
- Paternal aunt: Aminah bint Wahb — mother of Muhammad
- Wife: Fatimah — daughter of Muhammad, see Family tree of Muhammad
- Daughter: Zaynab bint Ali — survived the Battle of Karbala
- Daughter: Umm Kulthum bint Ali then her cousins Awn and Muhammad
- Son: Muhsin ibn Ali — died before birth (Shia) or during infancy (Sunni)
- Son: Hasan ibn Ali — Caliph, died by poison during the reign of Muawiyah
- Grandson: Qasim ibn Hasan — died at the Battle of Karbala
- Grandson: Meesam ibn Hasan died at the Battle of Karbala
- Grandson: Abdullah ibn Hasan died at the Battle of Karbala
- Grandson: Sayyid al-Hasan al-Muthanna
- Grandson: Zaid ibn Hasan
- Granddaughter: Fatimah bint al-Hasan
- Son: Husayn ibn Ali — died at the Battle of Karbala, see also Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali
- Granddaughter: Sukayna bint Husayn — survived the Battle of Karbala, see also Daughters of Husayn ibn Ali
- Grandson: Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn — died at the Battle of Karbala
- Grandson: Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn — died at the Battle of Karbala
- Grandson: Zayn al-Abidin — survived the Battle of Karbala
- Wife: Umamah bint Zainab bint Muhammad
- Wife: Umm ul-Banin — which means mother of many sons, her real name was Fatimah bint Hizam al-Qilabiyyah
- Son: Al-Abbas ibn Ali — died at the Battle of Karbala, married Lubaba bint Ubaydillah
- Son: Abdullah ibn Ali — died at the Battle of Karbala
- Son: Jafar ibn Ali — died at the Battle of Karbala
- Son: Musa ibn Ali — died at the Battle of Karbala
- Daughter: Ruqayyah — departed to the Indian subcontinent after the Battle of Karbala
- Wife: Asma bint Umays
- Son: Umar
- Daughter: Ramlah al-Kubra (The eldest Ramlah)
- Daughter: Umm Al-Hasan
- Daughter: Umm Hani
- Daughter: Maymūnah
- Daughter: Zainab as-Sughra (The youngest Zainab)
- Daughter: Umm Kulthum
- Daughter: Fatimah
- Daughter: Umamah
- Daughter: Khadijah
- Daughter: Umm al-Kiram
- Daughter: Umm Salmah
- Daughter: Umm Ja'far
- Daughter: Jumanah
- Daughter: Nafeesah
The Sayyid Aljabery family of southern Iraq are descendants of Ali from his son Imam Husayn. The Idrisid and Alaouite dynasties of Morocco claim to be descended from Ali and Fatimah. The descendants of Ali include the Hashemite royal families of Jordan various Somali clans, the Husseini family of Lebanon, the Hiraki family of Syria and Egypt, the Alaouite royal family of Morocco and the Ashrafs of the city of Harar, Mashwanis of Pushtuns. Other prominent descendants include: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Muhammad ibn Qasim (al-Alawi), Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq (Al-Dibaj), Yahya ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi and Ibn Dihya al-Kalby.
Lineage of Husayn ibn Ali
This is a simplified family tree of Husayn ibn Ali. People in italics are considered by the majority of Shia and Sunni Muslims to be Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House). Twelver Shia also see the 4th to 12th Imams as Ahl al-Bayt (Ali is an imam in Mustaali but no number is assigned for this position, and Hasan ibn Ali is not an Imam in Nizari Imamah).
|Khadijah bint Khuwaylid|
1st Shia Imāmah, 4th Sunni Rashidun
|Muhsin ibn Ali|
|Hasan ibn Ali|
2nd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 1st Mustaali Imāmah
|Husayn ibn Ali|
3rd Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 2nd Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Umm Kulthum bint Ali|
|Zaynab bint Ali|
|Rubab bint Imra al-Qais|
|Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi|
|Umm Ishaq bint Talhah|
|Sakinah bint Husayn|
|Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn|
|Sukayna bint Husayn|
|Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn|
|Fatimah bint Husayn|
|Mother of ‘Umar||Ali ibn Husayn|
4th Twelver/Zaidiyyah and 3rdMustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Fatimah bint al-Hasan|
|Jayda al-Sindhi||Umar ibn Husayn|
|‘Umar al-Ashraf||Muhammad al-Baqir|
5th Twelver and 4th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Farwah bint al-Qasim |
|Zayd ibn Ali|
5th Zaidiyyah Imāmah
|Abu Bakr ibn Husayn|
|‘Alī||Hamidah Khatun||Ja'far al-Sadiq|
6th Twelver and 5th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram bin al-Hasan bin Ali||Zaynab bint Husayn|
7th Twelver Imāmah
|Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq|
|Isma'il ibn Jafar|
6th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
|Unknown||Umm Kulthum bint Husayn|
|‘Alī||Ummul Banīn Najmah|
|al-Nāṣir al-Kabīr||Ali ar-Ridha|
8th Twelver Imāmah
|Sabīkah a.k.a. Khayzurān||Muhammad ibn Ismail|
7th and the last Sevener Imāmah and 7th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
9th Twelver Imāmah
8th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
10th Twelver Imāmah
|Hâdise ( Hadīthah ) / Suzan ( Sūsan ) / Sevil ( Savīl )||Other issue||Muhammad at-Taqi|
9th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
11th Twelver Imāmah
10th Mustaali/Nizari Imāmah
12th and final Twelver Imāmah
- Alavi (surname)
- Alaouite dynasty, current rulers of Morocco
- Ancestry of Qusai ibn Kilab
- Banu Hashim
- Banu Kinanah
- Descent from Adnan to Muhammad
- Family tree of Muhammad
- Family tree of Shaiba ibn Hashim
- Fatimid Caliphate, rulers of Egypt
- Genealogy of Khadijah's daughters
- Idrisid dynasty, rulers of Morocco
- Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, Ali's adopted son
- Quraysh tribe
- Esposito, John (1998). Islam: The Straight Path (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 9, 12. ISBN 978-0-19-511234-4.
- Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.
- Peters, F.E. (2003). Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians. Princeton University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-691-11553-2.
- Tabatabaei 1979, p. 191
- Ashraf 2005, p. 14
- Diana, Steigerwald. "Alī ibn Abu Talib". Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim world. 1. MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-02-865604-5.
- Madelung 1997, p. 309 and 310
- Books, Happy. "Family Tree of Ali ibn Abi Taalib". Happy Books. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
- Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Majalis ul-Mo’mineen. pp. 85–89.
- al-Murtaza, Sharif. Al-Shaafi. p. 116.
- Al-Hadid, Hibatullah. Sharh Nahj ul-Balagha. 3. p. 124.
- Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir. Bihar al-Anwar. p. 621.
- Ardabili, Muqaddas. Hadiqat al-Shi‘a. p. 277.
- Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Masa'ib un-Nawasib. p. 170.
- Al-Amili, Zayn al-Din al-Juna'i. "Lawahiq-al-'Aqd". Masalik al-Ifham fi Sharh Shara-il-Islam. 1.
- Qumi, Abbas. Muntahi al-Aamal. 1. p. 186.
- Shahidi, Sayyed Ja'far. Life of Fatemeh Zahra(SA). pp. 263–265.
- Baqir, Muhammad. Mir'at ul-Uqool. 21. p. 199.
- Al-Tusi, Nasir Al-Din. Al-Mabsoot. 4. p. 272.
- Tabatabae (1979), page 194 Archived 2008-03-29 at the Wayback Machine.
- The Sunshine Book, By Dr. S. Manzoor Rizvi; p323;
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
- Harouf.com [harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm harouf.com/SiratAhlelbeit/EmamAli1.htm] Check
|url=value (help). Missing or empty
- Al-Tabari, pp. 178–179
- 1-ابوبكربن علي(شهادت او مشكوك است). 2-جعفربن علي. 3-عباس بن علي(ابولفضل) 4-عبدالله بن علي. 5-عبدالله بن علي العباس بن علي. 6-عبدالله بن الاصغر. 7-عثمان بن علي. 8-عمر بن علي. 9-محمد الاصغر بن علي. 10-محمدبن العباس بن علي."
- Family tree of King Abdullah of Jordan
- Johnson, John William (1996). Heelloy: Modern Poetry and Songs of the Somali. Indiana University Press. p. 23. ISBN 1874209812.
- Al-Yasin, Shaykh Radi. "1". Sulh al-Hasan. Jasim al-Rasheed. Qum: Ansariyan Publications. p. 4.
- Madelung, "Al-Ukhaydir," p. 792