Family tree of Confucius in the main line of descent

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a family tree of the main line of descent of Confucius (Chinese: 孔子世家大宗).

adoption

Xie
昭明
Zhao Ming
相土
Xiang Tu
昌若
Chang Ruo
曹圉
Cao Yu

Ming

Ji
王亥
Wang Hai
王恒
Wang Heng
上甲微
Shang Jia Wei
报乙
Bao Yi
报丙
Bao Bing
报丁
Bao Ding
主壬
Zhu Ren
主癸
Zhu Kui

Tang
大丁
Da Ding
外丙
Wai Bing
仲壬
Zhong Ren
太甲
Tai Jia
羌丁
Qiang Ding
大庚
Da Geng
小甲
Xiao Jia
雍己
Yong Ji
大戊
Da Wu
中丁
Zhong Ding
外壬
Wai Ren
河亶甲
He Dan Jia
祖乙
Zu Yi
祖辛
Zu Xin
羌甲
Qiang Jia
祖丁
Zu Ding
南庚
Nan Geng
陽甲
Yang Jia
盤庚
Pan Geng
小辛
Xiao Xin
小乙
Xiao Yi
武丁
Wu Ding
孝己
Xiao Ji
祖庚
Zu Geng
祖甲
Zu Jia
廩辛
Lin Xin
康丁
Kang Ding
武乙
Wu Yi
文丁
Wen Ding
帝乙
Di Yi
微子启
Wei Zi
微仲衍
Wei Zhong Yan
帝辛
Di Xin
宋公稽
Duke Song Ji
宋丁公
Duke Ding of Song
宋湣公
Duke Min of Song
宋炀公
Duke Yang of Song
弗父何
Fu fuhe
宋厉公
Duke Li of Song
宋父周
Song Fu Zhou
世子胜
Shi Zi Sheng
正考父
Zheng Kao Fu
孔父嘉
Kong Fu Jia
木金父
Mu Jin Fu
祁父
Qi Fu
防叔
Fang Shu
伯夏
Bo Xia
叔梁纥
Shu liang He
孟皮
Meng Pi
孔子
Confucius
孔鲤
Kong Li
孔伋
Kong Ji
孔白
Kong Bai
孔求
Kong Qiu
孔箕
Kong Ji
孔穿
Kong Chuan
孔谦
Kong Qian
孔鲋
Kong Fu
孔腾
Kong Teng
孔随
Kong Sui
孔忠
Kong Zhong
孔武
Kong Wu
孔延年
Kong Yannian
孔霸
Kong Ba
孔吉
Kong Ji
孔福
Kong Fu
孔何齐
Kong Heqi
孔房
Kong Fang
孔弘
Kong Hong
孔均
Kong Jun
孔安
Kong An
孔志
Kong Zhi
孔损
Kong Sun
孔曜
Kong Yao
孔完
Kong Wan
孔赞
Kong Zan
孔羡
Kong Xian
孔震
Kong Zhen
孔嶷
Kong Ni
孔抚
Kong Fu
孔懿
Kong Yi
孔鲜
Kong Xian
孔乘
Kong Cheng
孔灵珍
Kong Lingzhen
孔文泰
Kong Wentai
孔渠
Kong Qu
孔长孙
Kong Zhangsun
孔英悊
Kong Yingzhe
孔嗣悊
Kong Sizhe
孔德伦
Kong Delun
孔崇基
Kong Chongji
孔璲之
Kong Suizhi
孔萱
Kong Xuan
孔齐卿
Kong Qiqing
孔惟晊
Kong Weizhi
孔策
Kong Ce
孔振
Kong Zhen
孔昭俭
Kong Zhaojian
孔光嗣
Kong Guangsi
孔仁玉
Kong Renyu
孔宜
Kong Yi
孔延世
Kong Yanshi
孔延泽
Kong Yanze
孔圣佑
Kong Shengyou
孔宗愿
Kong Zongyuan
孔若蒙
Kong Ruomeng
孔若虚
Kong Ruoxu
孔若愚
Kong Ruoyu
孔端友
Kong Duanyou
孔端操
Kong Duancao
孔端立
Kong Duanli
孔玠
Kong Jie
孔瑄
Kong Xuan
孔璠
Kong Fan
孔瑱
Kong Tian
孔玠
Kong Jie
孔琥
Kong Hu
孔搢
Kong Jin
孔拯
Kong Zheng
孔摠
Kong Zong
孔拂
Kong Fu
孔文远
Kong Wenyuan
孔元措
Kong Yuancuo
孔元綋
Kong Yuanhong
孔元孝
Kong Yuanxiao
孔元用
Kong Yuanyong
孔万春
Kong Wanchun
孔之固
Kong Zhigu
孔之厚
Kong Zhihou
孔之全
Kong Zhiquan
孔洙
Kong Zhu
孔浈
Kong Zhen
孔浣
Kong Huan
孔治
Kong Zhi
孔思晦
Kong Sihui
孔思诚
Kong Sicheng
孔克坚
Kong Kejian
孔希学
Kong Xixue
孔讷
Kong Ne
孔公鑑
Kong Gongjian
孔彦缙
Kong Yanjin
孔承庆
Kong Chengqing
孔宏绪
Kong Hongxu
孔宏泰
Kong Hongtai
孔闻韶
Kong Wenshao
孔贞幹
Kong Zhengan
孔贞宁
Kong Zhenning
孔尚贤
Kong Shangxian
孔尚坦
Kong Shangtan
孔衍椿
Kong Yanchun
孔衍桂
Kong Yangui
孔衍植
Kong Yanzhi
孔兴燮
Kong Xingxie
孔毓圻
Kong Yuqi
孔传铎
Kong Chuanduo
孔继濩
Kong Jihuo
孔广棨
Kong Guangqi
孔昭焕
Kong Zhaohuan
孔宪培
Kong Xianpei
孔宪增
Kong Xianzeng
孔庆镕
Kong Qingrong
孔繁灏
Kong Fanhao
孔祥珂
Kong Xiangke
孔令贻
Kong Lingyi
孔德成
Kong Decheng
孔维益
Kong Weiyi
孔垂長
Kong Chuichang
孔佑仁
Kong Youren

List of prominent members of the family not shown on the tree[edit]

The title of Duke of Song and "Duke Who Continues and Honours the Yin" (殷紹嘉公) were bestowed upon Kong An (孔安 (東漢) by the Eastern Han dynasty because he was part of the Shang dynasty's legacy.[1][2] This branch of the Confucius family is a separate branch from the line that held the title of Marquis of Fengsheng village and later Duke Yansheng.

Generation name[edit]

The descendants of Confucius still use generation poems for their names given to them by the Ming dynasty and Qing dyasty Emperors along with the descendants of the other Four Sages 四氏, Mencius, Zengzi, and Yan Hui.

希言公彥承,宏聞貞尚衍;
興毓傳繼廣,昭憲慶繁祥;
令德維垂佑,欽紹念顯揚;
建道敦安定,懋修肇彝常;
裕文煥景瑞,永錫世緒昌。

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rafe de Crespigny (28 December 2006). A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms (23-220 AD). BRILL. pp. 389–. ISBN 978-90-474-1184-0. 
  2. ^ 《汉书·杨胡朱梅云传》:初,武帝时,始封周后姬嘉为周子南君,至元帝时,尊周子南君为周承休侯,位次诸侯王。使诸大夫博士求殷后,分散为十余姓,郡国往往得其大家,推求子孙,绝不能纪。时,匡衡议,以为“王者存二王后,所以尊其先王而通三统也。其犯诛绝之罪者绝,而更封他亲为始封君,上承其王者之始祖。《春秋》之义,诸侯不能守其社稷者绝。今宋国已不守其统而失国矣,则宜更立殷后为始封君,而上承汤统,非当继宋之绝侯也,宜明得殷后而已。今之故宋,推求其嫡,久远不可得;虽得其嫡,嫡之先已绝,不当得立。《礼记》孔子曰:‘丘,殷人也。’先师所共传,宜以孔子世为汤后。”上以其语不经,遂见寝。
  3. ^ a b c [1][dead link]
  4. ^ "The Ritual Formation of Confucian Orthodoxy and the Descendants of the Sage (PDF Download Available)". Researchgate.net. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  5. ^ [2][dead link]
  6. ^ a b B. Paul Banning. "AAS Abstracts: China Session 45". Aas2.asian-studies.org. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  7. ^ Thomas Jansen; Thoralf Klein; Christian Meyer (21 March 2014). Globalization and the Making of Religious Modernity in China: Transnational Religions, Local Agents, and the Study of Religion, 1800-Present. BRILL. pp. 187–188. ISBN 978-90-04-27151-7. 
  8. ^ "Nation observes Confucius anniversary". China Daily. 2006-09-29. 
  9. ^ "Confucius Anniversary Celebrated". China Daily. September 29, 2006. 
  10. ^ Thomas A. Wilson (2002). On Sacred Grounds: Culture, Society, Politics, and the Formation of the Cult of Confucius. Harvard University Asia Center. pp. 69,315. ISBN 978-0-674-00961-5. 
  11. ^ Thomas Jansen; Thoralf Klein; Christian Meyer (21 March 2014). Globalization and the Making of Religious Modernity in China: Transnational Religions, Local Agents, and the Study of Religion, 1800-Present. BRILL. pp. 188–. ISBN 978-90-04-27151-7. 
  12. ^ "磐安发现一处宋墓 墓主是孔子47代裔孙(图)_江苏频道_凤凰网". Js.ifeng.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  13. ^ "磐安孔氏家庙-浙江省非物质文化遗产网/浙江非遗网". Zjfeiyi.cn. 2014-04-23. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  14. ^ "金华磐安发现一处宋代古墓 墓主疑是孔子47代裔孙-浙江省殡葬协会". Zjbzxh.org. 2015-03-27. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  15. ^ "中国深圳孔氏联谊会-榉溪孔氏家庙". Szkong.net. 2016-02-23. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  16. ^ [3][dead link]
  17. ^ [4][dead link]
  18. ^ "孔氏六帖 南宋 孔传(孔若古)衢州派始祖 - 孔氏宗亲网 - Powered by LeadBBS 9.2". Kong.org.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  19. ^ "The Ritual Formation of Confucian Orthodoxy and the Descendants of the Sage". Researchgate.net. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  20. ^ Wilson, Thomas A. (1996). "The Ritual Formation of Confucian Orthodoxy and the Descendants of the Sage". The Journal of Asian Studies. Cambridge University Press. 55: 559–84. doi:10.2307/2646446. 
  21. ^ Thomas Jansen; Thoralf Klein; Christian Meyer (21 March 2014). Globalization and the Making of Religious Modernity in China: Transnational Religions, Local Agents, and the Study of Religion, 1800-Present. BRILL. pp. 189–. ISBN 978-90-04-27151-7. 
  22. ^ [5][dead link]
  23. ^ "孔道辅_百度百科". Baike.baidu.com. 2016-04-15. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  24. ^ [6][dead link]
  25. ^ 畢沅 (1 September 2014). 續資治通鑑. 朔雪寒. pp. 540–. GGKEY:4JFC8P77U5Z. 
  26. ^ "元詩選 : ○孔道輔擊蛇笏 - 中國哲學書電子化計劃 維基". Ctext.org. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  27. ^ [7][dead link]
  28. ^ 李逸侯 (8 May 2015). 宋代十八朝艷史: 從宮廷的鬥爭看時代的演變. 谷月社. pp. 178–. GGKEY:956KGRKQ987. 
  29. ^ 蔡東藩 (10 May 2015). 宋史通俗演義: 蔡東藩歷史演義-宋朝. 谷月社. pp. 156–. GGKEY:EG1KNX74LKL. 
  30. ^ "孔道輔的的詩詞全集、詩集(4首全)_詩詞名句網". Ft.shicimingju.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  31. ^ 四庫全書補正: 子部. 臺灣商務印書館. 1999. pp. 606–. ISBN 978-957-05-1627-2. 
  32. ^ 孔鮒 (28 July 2015). 孔叢子. 朔雪寒. pp. 31–. GGKEY:45CWRBSNFP0. 
  33. ^ "孔 舜亮 四十六代嫡孫 道輔長子 - I112 - 個人資料 - PhpGedView". Us.dazupu.net. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  34. ^ "孔 道輔夫人 - I111 - 個人資料 - PhpGedView". Us.dazupu.net. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  35. ^ Qin ding da Qing hui dian (Jiaqing chao). 1818. pp. 762–. 
  36. ^ 薛應旂; 33 Hefte in 4 Umschlägen ZALT; Bibliothek Arthur von Rosthorn ZALT (1626). Song Yuan tongjian. pp. 676–. 
  37. ^ "孔宗翰_百度百科". Baike.baidu.com. 2016-02-18. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  38. ^ 孔宗翰 (2015-03-21). "孔宗翰_互动百科". Baike.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  39. ^ [8][dead link]
  40. ^ [9][dead link]
  41. ^ [10][dead link]
  42. ^ "孔氏宗亲网-孔子后裔的网上家园-孔宗翰". Kong.org.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  43. ^ (2009-09-28 17:09:46) (2009-09-28). "宋城城史之历史人物-孔宗翰_文瑞_新浪博客". Blog.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  44. ^ (2011-10-13 17:24:56) (2011-10-13). "孔宗翰 四十六世祖_圣裔七十八_新浪博客". Blog.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  45. ^ "¿××Úº²ÐÕÃû²âÊÔ´ò·Ö£¬¿××Úº²Ãû×Ö²âÊÔ´ò·Ö£¬¿××Úº²µÄÐÕÃû²âÊÔÆÀ·Ö½á¹û". M.139s.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  46. ^ "愛上蘇東坡 - 时间线 | Facebook". Zh-cn.facebook.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  47. ^ Modern Chinese Religion I (2 vol.set): Song-Liao-Jin-Yuan (960-1368 AD). BRILL. 8 December 2014. pp. 812–813. ISBN 978-90-04-27164-7. 
  48. ^ "Project MUSE - Heirloom and Exemplar: Family and School Portraits of Confucius in the Song and Yuan Periods". Muse.jhu.edu. doi:10.1353/sys.2011.0021. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  49. ^ "Project MUSE - Heirloom and Exemplar: Family and School Portraits of Confucius in the Song and Yuan Periods". Muse.jhu.edu. doi:10.1353/sys.2011.0021. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  50. ^ "孔 宗寿夫人 - I137 - 個人資料 - PhpGedView". Us.dazupu.net. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  51. ^ "孔 宗壽 四十六代嫡孫 + 孔 宗寿夫人 - PhpGedView". Us.dazupu.net. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  52. ^ Modern Chinese Religion I (2 vol.set): Song-Liao-Jin-Yuan (960-1368 AD). BRILL. 8 December 2014. pp. 816–. ISBN 978-90-04-27164-7. 
  53. ^ Guangxi tong zhi. 1802. pp. 2–. 
  54. ^ 关戈 高峰 (11 December 2014). 千年圣地——孔府孔庙孔林. 青苹果数据中心. pp. 35–. GGKEY:P9GU680L6X9. 
  55. ^ [11][dead link]
  56. ^ "至圣孔子像 - 孔氏宗亲网 - Powered by LeadBBS 9.2". Kong.org.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  57. ^ 2015-11-28 (2015-11-28). "圣迹殿_百度百科". Baike.baidu.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  58. ^ "Infobase". Sdsqw.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  59. ^ "第七节 东晋南朝建康韩伯皇侃经学南学派". Jssdfz.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  60. ^ "ÁºÊé". Guoxue.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  61. ^ Hok-Lam Chan. "Ming Taizu's Problem with His Sons : Prince Qin's Criminality and Early-Ming Politics" (PDF). Ihp.sinica.edu.tw. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  62. ^ Godley, Michael R. "The End of the Queue: Hair as Symbol in Chinese History". China Heritage Quarterly. The Australian National University. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  63. ^ ZHANG, YIMIN (June 2006). The Role of Literati in Military Action during the Ming-Qing Transition Period (PDF) (Doctor of Philosophy). Montreal, Quebec: McGill University. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-494-27860-4. Archived from the original on 2016-04-27. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  64. ^ "清曲阜县令孔贞堪密遣人商议275". 临安市球铁 - 球铁网站. 2015-07-13. 
  65. ^ Qinyuan Xinchuan Quanbian. 
  66. ^ Great Britain. Legation (China) (1907). List of the Higher Metropolitan and Provincial Authorities of China (with Genealogical Table of the Imperial Family). Kelly and Walsh, Limited. pp. 20, 46. 
  67. ^ Bacon, James (April 21, 1962). "Debra Paget Weds Oilman, Nephew of Madame Chiang". Independent. p. 11. Retrieved June 11, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  68. ^ Rowan Callick (17 September 2013). The Party Forever: Inside China's Modern Communist Elite. St. Martin's Press. pp. 186–. ISBN 978-1-137-36552-1. 
  69. ^ Kenneth J. Hammond; Jeffrey L. Richey (3 December 2014). The Sage Returns: Confucian Revival in Contemporary China. SUNY Press. pp. 91–. ISBN 978-1-4384-5493-1. 
  70. ^ Xinzhong Yao (2003). RoutledgeCurzon Encyclopedia of Confucianism. RoutledgeCurzon. pp. ix–. ISBN 978-0-415-30652-2. 
  71. ^ Xinzhong Yao (11 May 2015). The Encyclopedia of Confucianism: 2-volume set. Taylor & Francis. pp. 9–. ISBN 978-1-317-79348-9. 
  72. ^ Yingjie Guo (1 March 2004). Cultural Nationalism in Contemporary China. Routledge. pp. 112–. ISBN 978-1-134-35227-2. 
  73. ^ Thomas A. Wilson (2002). On Sacred Grounds: Culture, Society, Politics, and the Formation of the Cult of Confucius. Harvard University Asia Center. p. 410. ISBN 978-0-674-00961-5. 
  74. ^ William A. Babcock; William H. Freivogel (23 March 2015). The SAGE Guide to Key Issues in Mass Media Ethics and Law. SAGE Publications. pp. 803–. ISBN 978-1-5063-1727-4. 
  75. ^ Trial of Modernity: Judicial Reform in Early Twentieth-Century China, 1901-1937. Stanford University Press. 2008. pp. 182–. ISBN 978-0-8047-7950-0. 
  76. ^ Jesús Solé-Farràs (20 November 2013). New Confucianism in Twenty-First Century China: The Construction of a Discourse. Routledge. pp. 86–. ISBN 978-1-134-73908-0. 
  77. ^ Janette Ai (19 September 2014). Politics and Traditional Culture: The Political Use of Traditions in Contemporary China. World Scientific. pp. 51–. ISBN 978-981-4596-77-0. 
  78. ^ Etsuko Kameoka (31 January 2014). Competition Law and Policy in Japan and the EU. Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 150–. ISBN 978-1-78100-056-4. 
  79. ^ Astrid Freyeisen; Frank Hollmann (21 March 2014). Unser chinesischer Traum: Geschichten aus einem Land der Extreme. BoD – Books on Demand. pp. 79–. ISBN 978-3-7357-1705-4. 
  80. ^ China Research Monographs. The Center. 1980. pp. 20, 165, 185. ISBN 978-0-912966-24-3. 
  81. ^ Frederic E. Wakeman (1980). Ming and Qing Historical Studies in the Peoples Republic of China. Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley, Center for Chinese Studies. pp. 20, 165, 185. ISBN 978-0-912966-27-4. 
  82. ^ Erich Follath (8 October 2013). Die neuen Großmächte: Wie Brasilien, China und Indien die Welt erobern - Ein SPIEGEL-Buch. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt. pp. 209–. ISBN 978-3-641-10794-9. 
  83. ^ Beijing Review. Beijing Review. 2006. p. 54. 
  84. ^ Xinhua News Bulletin. Xinhua News Agency, Hongkong Branch. 12 October 1985. p. 63. 
  85. ^ Issues & Studies. Institute of International Relations, Republic of China. 2008. p. 36. 
  86. ^ Revue Canadienne Des Études Sur Le Nationalisme. University of Prince Edward Island. 2003. p. 4. 
  87. ^ The China Directory of Industry and Commerce, and Economic Annual. Science Books International. 1982. 
  88. ^ Kurt Seinitz (30 July 2012). Zeitbombe China. Satzweiss.com. pp. 49–. ISBN 978-3-7110-5085-4. 
  89. ^ "孔子其实是个作曲家 在他倡议下文人弹琴成风——新华网江西频道". Jx.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  90. ^ Foster, Peter (2009-09-25). "Confucius family tree unveiled". Telegraph. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  91. ^ "New Confucius Genealogy out next year". China.org.cn. 2008-10-31. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  92. ^ 2014-11-05 (2014-11-05). "孔德军(穆斯林学者)_百度百科". Baike.baidu.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  93. ^ "看了这篇帖子肝儿疼:孔子回族后裔采访录(转载)_中华文化吧_百度贴吧". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  94. ^ "看了这篇帖子肝儿疼:孔子回族后裔采访录(转载)_中华文化吧_百度贴吧". Tieba.baidu.com. 2013-04-27. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  95. ^ "看了这篇帖子肝儿疼:孔子回族后裔采访录(转载)_中华文化吧_百度贴吧". Archive.is. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  96. ^ "看了这篇帖子肝儿疼:孔子回族后裔采访录(转载)_中华文化吧_百度贴吧". Archive.is. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  97. ^ "The News International: Latest News Breaking, Pakistan News". Thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  98. ^ "The News International: Latest News Breaking, Pakistan News". Thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  99. ^ [12][dead link]
  100. ^ [13][dead link]
  101. ^ "Chinese student awarded PhD degree in Arabic". Nation.com.pk. 2013-11-14. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  102. ^ Recorder Report. "Schlumberger to cut more jobs as drilling downturn bites | Business Recorder". Brecorder.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  103. ^ Recorder Report (2015-12-07). "Schlumberger to cut more jobs as drilling downturn bites | Business Recorder". Brecorder.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  104. ^ "THE HISTORY OF THE ARABIC LANGUAGE IN THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA" (PDF). Journal-archieves36.webs.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  105. ^ "Zheng tong Halifa zhuan / Muhanmode Huzeli zhu ; Kong Dejun, Ma Mingliang yi | National Library of Australia". Catalogue.nla.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  106. ^ [14][dead link]
  107. ^ [15][dead link]
  108. ^ "西北生活着孔子回族后裔-文化-人民网". Culture.people.com.cn. 2008-04-24. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  109. ^ 350 (2008-04-14). "孔子后裔有回族-地方-人民网". Unn.people.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  110. ^ [16][dead link]
  111. ^ "Photographic image" (JPG). Img1.qq.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  112. ^ "孔子后裔有回族? - 宁夏百科". Ningxia.baike.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  113. ^ "孔子后裔有回族? - 回族百科". Huizu.baike.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  114. ^ [17][dead link]
  115. ^ 信息投搞入口 (2009-10-18). "孔子后裔有回族_文化_中华民族文化网 民族网 56民族文化网". 56china.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  116. ^ "居住在永靖县新寺乡后坪村的孔子第七十六代孙、64岁的回族农民孔令玉_图片_互动百科". Tupian.baike.com. 2011-06-17. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  117. ^ "70岁祖母和孙子动态图>>满足奶奶>>83岁老奶奶和27岁小伙". M.greenuts.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  118. ^ "孔子后裔在滑州_360图片". M.image.so.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  119. ^ "0dd7912397dda14498866e07b2b7d0a20df486f3_图片_互动百科". Tupian.baike.com. 2012-08-01. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  120. ^ [18][dead link]
  121. ^ "孔子的后代七十六代有孙令阳吗? - 杰西卡魔网络 - 杰西卡魔网络游戏爱好者的天堂!". Jxkamo.com. 2015-04-29. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  122. ^ "孔子回族后裔孔令贞采访录". Qh.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  123. ^ www.arting365.com. "孔子回族孔令贞采访录_我的网站". Iy236pp.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  124. ^ "孔子回族后裔采访录-孔子|穆斯林-每日甘肃-穆斯林通讯". Dev.gansudaily.com.cn. 2013-06-05. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  125. ^ "孔子回族後裔孔令貞採訪錄". Big5.news.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  126. ^ 3139 (2014-12-14). "孔子后裔中有14个少数民族 有宗教信仰也传承家风-文化-人民网". Culture.people.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  127. ^ "孔子后裔中有14个少数民族 有宗教信仰也传承家风-中新网". Chinanews.com. 2016-05-17. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  128. ^ 李典典 (2014-12-15). "孔子後裔有14個少數民族 外籍後裔首次入家譜_台灣網". Big5.taiwan.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  129. ^ "孔子后裔中有14个少数民族 有宗教信仰也传承家风-山东频道-人民网". Sd.people.com.cn. 2015-01-07. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  130. ^ A History of Food Culture in China. World Scientific. 23 July 2015. pp. 21–. ISBN 978-1-938368-27-1. 
  131. ^ Rongguang Zhao; Gangliu Wang; Aimee Yiran Wang (1 January 2015). A History of Food Culture in China. World Scientific. pp. 21–. ISBN 978-1-938368-28-8. 
  132. ^ "第22章 康有为与孔令儁_中国历史网". Lishi.zhuixue.net. 2015-10-29. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  133. ^ "受成吉思汗后人啟發 孔子准后裔想驗DNA-科技-人民網". Scitech.people.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  134. ^ "海內外孔子後裔約300萬". Big5.china.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  135. ^ "毛峰:孔学源流之——与国咸休、同天并老之美_天下专栏_中国日报中文网". Column.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  136. ^ "Descendants of Confucius in South Korea Seek Roots in Quzhou". QUZHOU.CHINA. 2014-05-01. Retrieved February 4, 2015. 
  137. ^ "quzhou.china". Archive.is. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  138. ^ "South Korea home to 80,000 descendants of Confucius - People's Daily Online". En.people.cn. 2008-02-18. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  139. ^ "New Confucius Genealogy out next year". China.org.cn. 2008-10-31. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  140. ^ "China Exclusive: Korean Confucius descendants trace back to ancestor of family tree". China.org.cn. 2016-03-11. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  141. ^ "China Exclusive: Korean Confucius descendants trace back to ancestor of family tree - Xinhua | English.news.cn". News.xinhuanet.com. 2016-03-11. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  142. ^ "漢川草廬-二十四史-史記-卷三‧殷本紀第三". Sidneyluo.net. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  143. ^ "漢川草廬-二十四史-史記-卷三十八‧宋微子世家第八". Sidneyluo.net. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  144. ^ "漢川草廬-二十四史-史記-卷四十七‧孔子世家第十七". Sidneyluo.net. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  145. ^ "漢川草廬-二十四史-漢書-卷十‧成帝紀第十". Sidneyluo.net. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  146. ^ "漢川草廬-二十四史-漢書-卷十八‧外戚恩澤侯表第六". Sidneyluo.net. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  147. ^ "漢川草廬-二十四史-漢書-卷八十一‧匡張孔馬傳第五十一". Sidneyluo.net. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  148. ^ a b "漢川草廬-二十四史-後漢書-卷七十九上‧儒林列傳第六十九上". Sidneyluo.net. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  149. ^ [19][dead link]
  150. ^ [20][dead link]
  151. ^ [21][dead link]
  152. ^ [22][dead link]
  153. ^ [23][dead link]
  154. ^ "明史". Guoxue.com. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  155. ^ [24][dead link]