Family tree of Confucius in the main line of descent

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This is a family tree of the main line of descent of Confucius (Chinese: 孔子世家大宗).

Family tree[edit]

叔梁纥
Shu liang He
孟皮
Meng Pi
孔子
Confucius
551BC–479BC
孔鲤
Kong Li
532BC-483BC
孔伋
Kong Ji
483BC-402BC
孔白
Kong Bai
孔求
Kong Qiu
孔箕
Kong Ji
孔穿
Kong Chuan
孔谦
Kong Qian
孔鲋
Kong Fu
孔腾
Kong Teng
孔随
Kong Sui
孔忠
Kong Zhong
孔武
Kong Wu
孔延年
Kong Yannian
孔霸
Kong Ba
孔吉
Kong Ji
孔福
Kong Fu
孔何齐
Kong Heqi
孔房
Kong Fang
孔弘
Kong Hong
孔均
Kong Jun
孔安
Kong An
孔志
Kong Zhi
孔损
Kong Sun
孔曜
Kong Yao
孔完
Kong Wan
孔赞
Kong Zan
孔羡
Kong Xian
孔震
Kong Zhen
孔嶷
Kong Ni
孔抚
Kong Fu
孔懿
Kong Yi
孔鲜
Kong Xian
孔乘
Kong Cheng
孔灵珍
Kong Lingzhen
孔文泰
Kong Wentai
孔渠
Kong Qu
孔长孙
Kong
Zhangsun
孔英悊
Kong Yingzhe
孔嗣悊
Kong Sizhe
孔德伦
Kong Delun
孔崇基
Kong Chongji
孔璲之
Kong Suizhi
孔萱
Kong Xuan
孔齐卿
Kong Qiqing
孔惟晊
Kong Weizhi
孔策
Kong Ce
孔振
Kong Zhen
孔昭俭
Kong Zhaojian
孔光嗣
Kong Guangsi
孔仁玉
Kong Renyu
912-956
孔宜
Kong Yi
941-986
孔延世
Kong Yanshi
969-1006
孔延泽
Kong Yanze
孔圣佑
Kong Shengyou
998-1032
孔宗愿
Kong
Zongyuan
孔若蒙
Kong Ruomeng
孔若虚
Kong Ruoxu
?-1104
孔若愚
Kong Ruoyu
孔端友
Kong Duanyou
1078-1132
孔端操
Kong Duancao
?-1133
孔端立
Kong Duanli
孔玠
Kong Jie
1122-1154
孔瑄
Kong Xuan
孔璠
Kong Fan
1106-1143
孔瑱
Kong Tian
孔琥
Kong Hu
孔搢
Kong Jin
1145-1193
孔拯
Kong Zheng
1136-1161
孔摠
Kong Zong
1138-1190
孔拂
Kong Fu
孔文远
Kong Wenyuan
1185-1226
孔元措
Kong Yuancuo
1182-1251
孔元綋
Kong Yuanhong
孔元孝
Kong Yuanxiao
孔元用
Kong Yuanyong
?-1227
孔万春
Kong Wanchun
?-1241
Dashed lines
denote adoption
孔之固
Kong Zhigu
孔之厚
Kong Zhihou
孔之全
Kong Zhiquan
孔洙
Kong Zhu
1228-1287
孔浈
Kong Zhen
孔浣
Kong Huan
?-1283
孔治
Kong Zhi
1237-1307
孔思晦
Kong Sihui
1267-1333
孔思诚
Kong Sicheng
孔克坚
Kong Kejian
1316-1370
孔希学
Kong Xixue
孔讷
Kong Ne
1356?-1400
孔公鑑
Kong Gongjian
1380-1402
孔彦缙
Kong Yanjin
1401-1455
孔承庆
Kong Chengqing
1420-1450
孔宏绪
Kong Hongxu
1448-1503
孔宏泰
Kong Hongtai
1450-1503
孔闻韶
Kong Wenshao
1482-1546
孔贞宁
Kong Zhenning
孔贞幹
Kong Zhengan
1519-1556
孔尚坦
Kong Shangtan
孔尚贤
Kong Shangxian
1544-1621
孔衍植
Kong Yanzhi
1592-1647
孔衍桂
Kong Yangui
孔衍椿
Kong Yanchun
1571-1619
孔兴燮
Kong Xingxie
1636-1667
孔毓圻
Kong Yuqi
1657-1723
孔传铎
Kong Chuanduo
1673-1732
孔继濩
Kong Jihuo
1687-1719
孔广棨
Kong Guangqi
1713-1743
孔昭焕
Kong Zhaohuan
1735-1783
孔宪培
Kong Xianpei
1756-1793
孔宪增
Kong Xianzeng
孔庆镕
Kong Qingrong
1787-1841
孔繁灏
Kong Fanhao
1804-1860
孔祥珂
Kong Xiangke
1848-1876
孔令贻
Kong Lingyi
1872-1919
孔德成
Kung Te-cheng
1920–2008
孔维益
Kong Weiyi
1939–1989
孔垂長
Kong Tsui
-chang

1975–
孔佑仁
Kong Youren
2006–

List of prominent members of the family not shown on the tree[edit]

The title of Duke of Song and "Duke Who Continues and Honours the Yin" (殷紹嘉公) were bestowed upon Kong An (孔安 (東漢) by the Eastern Han dynasty because he was part of the Shang dynasty's legacy.[1][2] This branch of the Confucius family is a separate branch from the line that held the title of Marquis of Fengsheng village and later Duke Yansheng.

  • Kong Anguo 12th generation descendant, son of Kong Zhong (孔忠)
  • Kong Jie 孔捷、Kong Xi 孔喜、Kong Guang 孔光, sons of Kong Ba 孔霸, younger brothers of Kong Fu 孔福. 14th generation descendants.
  • Kong Zhou (Eastern Han) 20th generation descendant
  • Kong Rong 20th generation descendant
  • The Southern Branch of the Confucius family at Quzhou. During the Southern Song dynasty the descendant of Confucius at Qufu, the Duke Yansheng Kong Duanyou fled south with the Song Emperor to Quzhou, while the newly established Jin dynasty (1115–1234) in the north appointed Kong Duanyou's brother Kong Duancao who remained in Qufu as Duke Yansheng. From that time up until the Yuan dynasty, there were two Duke Yanshengs, one in the north in Qufu and the other in the south at Quzhou. An invitation to come back to Qufu was extended to the southern Duke Yansheng Kong Zhu by the Yuan dynasty Emperor Kublai Khan. The title was taken away from the southern branch after Kong Zhu rejected the invitation,[3][4][5] so the northern branch of the family kept the title of Duke Yansheng. The southern branch still remained in Quzhou where they lived to this day. Confucius's descendants in Quzhou alone number 30,000.[6][7] The Hanlin Academy rank of Wujing boshi 五經博士 was awarded to the southern branch at Quzhou by a Ming Emperor while the northern branch at Qufu held the title Duke Yansheng.[4][8][9]
    • Kong Ruogu 孔若古 Kong Chuan(孔傳)[4] 47th generation[10][11][12] Claimed to be the ancestor of the Southern branch after Kong Zhu died by Northern branch member Kong Guanghuang.[3][13][14] The leader of the southern branch is 孔祥楷 Kong Xiangkai.[15]
  • Kong Daofu 孔道輔 45th generation, Grand Master of Remonstrance of the Right under Emperor Renzong of Song[16][17][18]
  • Kong Zonghan 孔宗翰 46th generation, Song dynasty official[19]
  • Kong Zongyuan 孔宗願 46th generation
  • Kong Ruozhuo 孔若拙 47th generation
  • Kong Yu 孔瑀, 49th generation [20]
  • Kong Zongshou 孔宗壽 46th generation[21][22][23]
  • Kong Jian 孔僉[24][25]
  • Kong Shuxuan 孔淑玄
  • Kong Yingda 32nd generation descendant, son of Kong An (孔安) 31st generation, son of Kong Shuo (孔碩) 30st generation, son of Kong Linggui (孔靈龜 29th generation, descendant of Kong Yang 孔扬 22nd generation, son of Kong Yu 孔郁 21st generation, 7th generation descendant of Kong Fu 孔福) (The Kong An here was a 31st generation descendant who lived during the Northern Qi and was not the same as the Kong An (孔安) shown on the tree who was a 17th generation descendant who lived during the Eastern Han dynasty)
  • Kong Xiuyuan 孔休源 32nd generation
  • Kong Zongfan 孔宗笵 33rd generation
  • Kong Yuntong 孔雲童 33rd generation
  • Kong Keren 孔克仁 55th generation descendant.[26]
  • Kong Gongxun 孔公恂 58th generation
  • Kong Wenji 孔聞籍 62nd generation
  • Kong Zhenkan 孔貞堪, 63rd generation, Magistrate of Qufu, surrendered to Li Zicheng.[27]
  • Kong Shangze 孔尚則[28] 64th generation.
  • Kong Youde
  • Kong Shangren 64th generation descendant
  • Kong Xianglin (K'ung Hsiang-lin)孔祥霖[29] 75th generation descendant
  • H. H. Kung (Kong Xiangxi) 75th generation descendant, son of Kong Fanci (孔繁慈)
  • Kong Xianglin 孔祥林, philosopher, Deputy Dean of the Research Institute of Confucianism, Director of the Qufu Committee for the Preservation of Cultural Relics.[31]
  • Kong Fanqi (孔繁琪) 74th generation descendant, mother of Li Fengshan (李鳳山) and grandmother of Ann Li (李怜宜)
  • Kong Zhaoshou 71st generation descendant
  • Kong Zhaowei 孔昭巍 71st generation descendant[32]
  • Kong Deyong, 77th generation descendant[33]
  • Kong Xiangxian, Chinese Muslims, 75th generation descendant[34]
  • Kong Dejun (孔德軍) Chinese Muslim Islamic scholar, 77th generation descendant[35][36][37][38][39] specializes in Arabic language[40][41][42] translator of Quran[43]
  • Kong Lingyu 孔令玉, Chinese Muslim, 76th generation descendant[44][45]
  • Kong Lingkui 孔令奎, Chinese Muslim, 76th generation descendant[46]
  • Kong Lingzhen 孔令貞, Chinese Muslim, 76th generation descendant[47][48]
  • Kong Lingjun 孔令儁,[49][50] 76th generation descendant[51]
  • Kong Qingdong 孔慶東 73rd generation descendant
  • William Hung 孔慶翔 (Kǒng Qìngxiáng) 73rd generation descendant.[52]
  • 曲阜孔氏 (곡부 공씨 in Korean): During the Yuan dynasty, Gong So (孔紹/공소, 1304-1381), who claimed to be one of the Duke Yansheng Kong Huan's 孔浣 sons, moved from China to Goryeo era Korea, wedding a Korean woman (Jo Jin-gyeong's [曹晉慶] daughter) during Toghon Temür's rule. Gong So's descendants have established numerous cadet branches to the modern era.[53][54][55][56][57][58]

Generation name[edit]

Along with the descendants of the other Four Sages (Confucius, Mencius, Zengzi, and Yan Hui), the descendants of Confucius still determine part of their children's given names using this generation poem given to them by the Ming dynasty Jianwen Emperor and extended by later emperors:[59]

希言公彥承,宏聞貞尚衍;
興毓傳繼廣,昭憲慶繁祥;
令德維垂佑,欽紹念顯揚;
建道敦安定,懋修肇彝常;
裕文煥景瑞,永錫世緒昌。

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Records of the Grand Historian: Annals of the Shang Dynasty 《史记·殷本纪》
  • Wang Guowei, Guantang Jilin 王国维《观堂集林》
  • Records of the Grand Historian: House of Song Weizi《史记·宋微子世家》
  • Records of the Grand Historian: House of Kongzi《史记·孔子世家》
  • Chunqiu Zuozhuan zhengyi 《春秋左传正义·昭公七年》
  • Book of Han: Annals of Emperor Cheng 《汉书·成帝纪》
  • Book of Han: Table of nobles from families of the imperial consorts《汉书·外戚恩泽表》
  • Book of Han: Biographies of Kuang, Zhang, Kong and Ma《汉书·匡张孔马传》
  • Book of the Later Han: Biographies of Confucians 《后汉书·儒林传上·孔僖传》
  • Annotation of Book of the Later Han: Biographies of Confucians 《后汉书注·儒林传上·孔僖传》
  • New Book of Tang: Table of genealogy of Chancellors V 《新唐书·宰相世系表五》
  • History of Song: Biographies of Confucians I 《宋史·儒林一·孔宜传》
  • History of Song: Rites 22《宋史•志第七十二》
  • History of Jin: Biography of Kong Fan 《金史·孔璠传》
  • History of Yuan: Biography of Kong Sihui 《元史·孔思晦传》
  • History of Ming: Biographies of Confucians Ⅲ 《明史·儒林三·孔希学传》
  • Draft History of Qing: Biographies of Confucians IV《清史稿·儒林四》
  • Liancongzi《连从子·叙书》
  • Genealogy book of House of Kongzi《孔子世家谱》 山东友谊出版社 ISBN 7-80551-265-5
  • Family Sayings of Confucius 《孔子家語》

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

  • Chapin, David (2012). Long Lines: Ten of the World's Longest Continuous CHART Lineages. College Station, Texas: VirtualBookWorm.com. ISBN 978-1-60264-933-0.