Family tree of British monarchs

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The following is a simplified family tree of the English and British monarchs. For a more detailed chart see: English monarchs family tree (from Alfred the Great till Queen Elizabeth I); Scottish monarchs family tree (from Kenneth MacAlpin to James VI and I); and the British monarchs' family tree for the period from Elizabeth's successor, James VI and I, until the present day. For kings before Alfred, see House of Wessex family tree.

House of
Wessex
Alfred
the Great

King of Wessex
(849–899)
r. 871–899
Edward
the Elder

(c. 874/877–924)
r. 899–924
Æthelstan
King of
the English
(≈894–939)
r. 924–939
Edmund I
King of
the English
(921–946)
r. 939–946
Eadred
King of
the English
(923–955)
r. 946–955
House of
Knýtlinga
Eadwig
All-Fair
King of England
(?–959)
r. 955–959
Edgar I
the Peaceful

King of England
(c. 943–975)
r. 959–975
Sweyn
Forkbeard

King of
the English
(960–1014)
r. 1013–1014
Richard I
Duke of
Normandy
(933–996)
r. 942–996
Godwin
Earl of Wessex
(1001–1053)
Edward
the Martyr

King of England
(c. 962–978)
r. 975–978
Æthelred
the Unready

King of
the English
(c. 968–1016)
r. 978–1013
/1014–1016
Emma
of Normandy
(c. 985–1052)
Cnut
the Great

King of England
(c. 985/995–1035)
r. 1016–1035
Richard II
Duke of
Normandy
(963–1026)
r. 996–1026
Harold
Godwinson

King of
the English
(c. 1022–1066)
r. 1066
Edmund II
Ironside

King of
the English
(?–1016)
r. 1016
Edith
of Wessex
(c. 1025–1075)
Edward
the Confessor

King of
the English
(1003/05–1066)
r. 1042–1066
Harthacnut
Canute III
King of England
(c. 1018–1042)
r. 1040–1042
Harold I
Harefoot

King of England
(c. 1015–1040)
r. 1035–1040
Edward
the Exile

(1016–1057)
Robert I
Duke of Normandy
(1000–1035)
r. 1027–1035
House of
Normandy
Margaret
of Scotland
(c. 1045–1093)
William I
the Conqueror

King of England
(c. 1028–1087)
r. 1066–1087
Matilda
of Scotland
(c. 1080–1118)
Henry I
King of England
(c. 1068–1135)
r. 1100–1135
Adela
of Normandy

(c. 1067–1137)
William II
Rufus
(c. 1056–1100)
r. 1087–1100
House of Blois
Matilda
(c. 1102–1167)
r. 1141
208 Days
Disputed
Stephen
(c. 1092–1154)
r. 1135–1141
/1141–1154
House of
Plantagenet
Henry II
(1133–1189)
r. 1154–1189
Richard I
Lionheart
(1157–1199)
r. 1189–1199
John
Lackland
(1166–1216)
r. 1199–1216
Henry III
(1207–1272)
r. 1216–1272
Edward I
Longshanks
(1239–1307)
r. 1272–1307
Edward II
(1284–1327)
r. 1307–1327
Edward III
(1312–1377)
r. 1327–1377
House of
Lancaster
Edward
of Wales

The Black
Prince

(1330–1376)
John
of Gaunt
1st Duke of
Lancaster

(1340–1399)
Lionel
of Antwerp
1st Duke of
Clarence

(1338–1368)
House of York
Richard II
(1367–1400)
r. 1377–1399
Henry IV
(1366–1413)
r. 1399–1413
John
Beaufort
1st Earl of
Somerset

(1373–1410)
Philippa
of Clarence

5th Countess
of Ulster
(1355–1382)
Edmund
of Langley
1st Duke
of York

(1341–1402)
Roger
Mortimer

4th Earl
of March
(1374–1398)
Henry V
(1386–1422)
r. 1413–1422
John
Beaufort
1st Duke of
Somerset

(1403–1444)
Anne
Mortimer

(1390–1411)
Richard
of Conisburgh
3rd Earl of
Cambridge

(c. 1375–1415)
Richard
of York
3rd Duke
of York

(1411–1460)
Henry VI
(1421–1471)
r. 1422–1461
/1470–1471
Margaret
Beaufort

Countess of
Richmond
and Derby
(1441/1443–1509)
Edward IV
(1442–1483)
r. 1461–1470
1471–1483
Richard III
(1452–1485)
r. 1483–1485
House of
Tudor
Henry VII
(1457–1509)
r. 1485–1509
m. 1486
Elizabeth
of York

(1466–1503)
Edward V
(1470–1483)
r. 1483
Margaret
Tudor

(1489–1541)
Henry VIII
(1491–1547)
r. 1509–1547
Mary
Tudor

(1496–1533)
James V
of Scotland

(1512–1542)
Edward VI
(1537–1553)
r. 1547–1553
Mary I
(1516–1558)
r. 1553–1558
m. 1554
Philip II
of Spain

(1527–1598)
r. 1554–1558
Elizabeth I
1533–1603
r. 1558–1603
Frances
Brandon

(1517–1559)
Mary
Queen of
Scots

(1542–1587)
Jane
(1536/37–1554)
r. 1553
(Nine Days)
Disputed
House of
Stuart
James VI & I
(1566–1625)
r. 1567–1625 (Scotland)
r. 1603–1625 (England)
Elizabeth
Electress
Palatine

(1596–1662)
Charles I
(1600–1649)
r. 1625–1649
Sophia
of Hanover
Electress of
Brunswick

(1630–1714)
Charles II
(1630–1685)
r. 1649–1651
(Scotland)
r. 1660–1685
(England)
Mary
Princess
Royal

(1631–1660)
James II
& VII

(1633–1701)
r. 1685–1688
House of
Hanover
George I
(1660–1727)
r. 1714–1727
m. 1677
William III&II
(1650–1702)
r. 1688–1702
Mary II
(1662–1694)
r. 1688–1694
Anne
(1665–1714)
r. 1702–1714
George II
(1683–1760)
r. 1727–1760
Frederick
Prince of
Wales

(1707–1751)
George III
(1738–1820)
r. 1760–1820
George IV
(1762–1830)
regent
1811–1820
r. 1820–1830
William IV
(1765–1837)
r. 1830–1837
Edward
Duke of Kent
and
Strathearn

(1767–1820)
Victoria
(1819–1901)
r. 1837–1901
House of
Windsor

(House of
Saxe-Coburg
and Gotha
)
Edward VII
(1841–1910)
r. 1901–1910
George V
(1865–1936)
r. 1910–1936
Edward VIII
Duke of Windsor
(1894–1972)
r. 1936
George VI
(1895–1952)
r. 1936–1952
Elizabeth II
(1926–)
r. 1952–

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • "The Continental Dynasties (1066–1216)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-26.
  • "The Plantagenet Dynasties (1216–1485)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-26.
  • "The Tudors (1485–1603) and the Stuarts (1603–1714)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Retrieved 2010-07-30.