Family tree of British monarchs

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The following is a simplified family tree of the English, Scottish, and British monarchs. For a more detailed chart see: Family tree of English monarchs (from Alfred the Great through Queen Elizabeth I); Family tree of Scottish monarchs (from Kenneth MacAlpin through James VI and I); Family tree of Welsh monarchs; and the Family tree of the British royal family for the period from Elizabeth I's successor, James VI and I, until the present day. For kings before Alfred, see House of Wessex family tree.

List of Monarchs[edit]

Alpín
mac Echdach

(d. 834)
House of Alpin
Domnall I
mac Ailpín

King of the Picts
(812–862)
r. 858–862
Kenneth I
MacAlpin

King of the Picts
(810–858/859)
r. c. 841/843 – c. 858/859
House of Wessex
Alfred
the Great

King of Wessex
(849–899)
r. 871–899
(?)
Giric
King of the Picts
(c. 832–889)
r. 878–889
Constantín I
mac Cináeda

King of the Picts
(d. 877)
r. 862–877
Áed
mac Cináeda

King of the Picts
(d. 878)
r. 877–878
?Run
King of Alt Clut
(?)
r. 872–878(?)
Edward
the Elder

King of the Anglo-Saxons
(c. 874/877–924)
r. 899–924
Donald II
mac Causantín

King of Alba
(d. 900)
r. 889–900
Constantine II
King of Alba
bef.879–952
r. 900–952
Eochaid
King of the Picts
(fl. 878–889)
r. 878–889(?)
Æthelstan
King of the English
(c. 894–939)
r. 924–939
Edmund I
King of the English
(921–946)
r. 939–946
Eadred
King of the English
(923–955)
r. 946–955
Malcolm I
King of Alba
(c. 900–954)
r. 943–954
Indulf
King of Alba
(?)
r. 954–962
Richard I
Duke of Normandy
(933–996)
Eadwig
All-Fair
King of England
(d. 959)
r. 955–959
Edgar I
the Peaceful

King of England
(c. 943–975)
r. 959–975
Dub
King of Alba
(c. 928–967)
r. 962–967
Kenneth II
King of Alba
(before 954–995)
r. 971–995
Amlaíb
mac Ilduilb

King of Alba
(?)
r. 973–977
Cuilén
King of Alba
(d. 971)
r. 967–971
House of Knýtlinga
Richard II
Duke of Normandy
(963–1026)
Sweyn
Forkbeard

King of the English
(963–1014)
r. 1013–1014
Kenneth III
King of Alba
(c. 966–1005)
r. 997–1005
Malcolm II
King of Scots
(c. 980–1034)
r. 1005–1034
Constantine III
King of Alba
bef.971–997
r. 995–997
Edward
the Martyr

King of England
(c. 962–978)
r. 975–978
Æthelred
the Unready

King of the English
(c. 968–1016)
r. 978–1013, 1014–1016
Emma
of Normandy
(c. 984–1052)
Cnut
the Great

King of England
(c. 985/995–1035)
r. 1016–1035
Boite
mac Cináeda

d. 1058
DonadaBethóc
House of MorayHouse of Dunkeld
Robert I
Duke of Normandy
(1000–1035)
Edmund II
Ironside

King of the English
(c. 990–1016)
r. 1016
Godwin
Earl of Wessex
(1001–1053)
Edward
the Confessor

King of the English
(1003/1005–1066)
r. 1042–1066
Gruoch
of Scotland
fl. 1020–1054
Macbeth
King of Alba
(1005–1057)
r. 1040–1057
Duncan I
King of Alba
(c. 1001–1040)
r. 1034–1040
Edward
the Exile

(1016–1057)
Edith
of Wessex
(c. 1025–1075)
Harold II
Godwinson

King of the English
(c. 1022–1066)
r. 1066
Harthacnut
King of England
(c. 1018–1042)
(r. 1035–1037) & r. 1040–1042
Harold I
Harefoot

King of England
(c. 1015–1040)
r. 1037–1040
Lulach
the fool

King of Alba
(bef. 1033–1058)
r. 1057–1058
House of Normandy
William I
the Conqueror

King of England
(c. 1028–1087)
r. 1066–1087
Saint Margaret
of Scotland
(c. 1045–1093)
Malcolm III
Canmore

King of Scots
(c. 1031–1093)
r. 1058–1093
Donald III
Bane

King of Scots
(c. 1039–1099)
r. 1093–1094, 1094–1097
William II
King of England
(c. 1056–1100)
r. 1087–1100
Adela
of Normandy

(c. 1067–1137)
Henry I
King of England
(c. 1068–1135)
r. 1100–1135
Matilda of Scotland
(1080–1118)
Edgar
King of Scots
(c. 1074–1107)
r. 1097–1107
Alexander I
King of Scots
(c. 1078–1124)
r. 1107–1124
David I
King of Scots
(1084–1153)
r. 1124–1153
Duncan II
King of Scots
(c. 1060–1094)
r. 1094
House of BloisHouse of Plantagenet
Stephen
of Blois
King of England
(c. 1092/1096–1154)
r. 1135–1141, 1141–1154
Empress Matilda
Queen of England (Disputed)
(1102–1167)
r. 1141
Henry
of Scotland
Earl of Huntingdon
(1114–1152)
Henry II
King of England
(1133–1189)
r. 1154–1189
William I
the Lion

King of Scots
(c. 1143–1214)
r. 1165–1214
Malcolm IV
King of Scots
(1141–1165)
r. 1153–1165
David
of Scotland
Earl of Huntingdon
(c. 1144–1219)
John
Lackland

King of England
(1166–1216)
r. 1199–1216
Richard I
King of England
(1157–1199)
r. 1189–1199
Margaret
of Huntingdon
Isobel
of Huntingdon
Walter
of Dundonald

3rd High Steward
(d. 1246)
Henry III
King of England
(1207–1272)
r. 1216–1272
Joan
of England
(1210–1238)
Alexander II
King of Scots
(1198–1249)
r. 1214–1249
Dervorguilla
(c. 1210–1290)
Robert V
de Brus

(c. 1210–1295)
Margaret StewartAlexander Stewart
4th High Steward
(1214–1283)
House of Balliol
Edward I
King of England
(1239–1307)
r. 1272–1307
Margaret
of England
(1240–1275)
Alexander III
King of Scots
(1241–1286)
r. 1249–1286
John
Balliol

King of Scots
(c. 1249–1314)
r. 1292–1296
Robert VI
de Brus

Lord of Annandale
(1243–1304)
Marjorie
of Carrick

(c. 1253/1256–c. 1292)
Clan Bruce
Margaret
of Scotland
(1261–1283)
Eric II
of Norway

(1268–1299)
Isabel
Bruce

(c. 1272–1358)
Robert I
the Bruce

King of Scots
(1274–1329)
r. 1306–1329
James Stewart
5th High Steward
(c. 1260–1309)
House of Sverre
Edward II
King of England
(1284–1327)
r. 1307–1327
Margaret
Maid of Norway
Queen of Scots
(1283–1290)
r. 1286–1290
Marjorie
Bruce

(1296–1316)
Walter Stewart
6th High Steward
(c. 1296–1327)
House of Stewart
Edward III
King of England
(1312–1377)
r. 1327–1377
Joan
of the Tower

(1321–1362)
David II
King of Scots
(1324–1371)
r. 1329–1371
Robert II
King of Scots
(1316–1390)
r. 1371–1390
House of LancasterHouse of York
Edward
of Woodstock

The Black Prince
(1330–1376)
John
of Gaunt
Duke of Lancaster

(1340–1399)
Lionel
of Antwerp
Duke of Clarence

(1338–1368)
Robert III
King of Scots
(1337–1406)
r. 1390–1406
Richard II
King of England
(1367–1400)
r. 1377–1399
Henry IV
King of England
(1367–1413)
r. 1399–1413
John Beaufort
Earl of Somerset

(1373–1410)
Philippa
of Clarence

Countess of Ulster
(1355–1382)
Edmund
of Langley
Duke of York

(1341–1402)
Roger Mortimer
4th Earl of March
(1374–1398)
Henry V
King of England
(1386–1422)
r. 1413–1422
John Beaufort
1st Duke of Somerset

(1403–1444)
Anne Mortimer
(1390–1411)
Richard
of Conisburgh
3rd Earl of Cambridge

(c. 1375–1415)
Joan Beaufort
(c. 1404–1445)
James I
King of Scots
(1394–1437)
r. 1406–1437
Henry VI
King of England
(1421–1471)
r. 1422–1461, 1470–1471
Margaret Beaufort
(1441/1443–1509)
Richard
of York
3rd Duke of York

(1411–1460)
James II
King of Scots
(1430–1460)
r. 1437–1460
Edward IV
King of England
(1442–1483)
r. 1461–1470, 1471–1483
Richard III
King of England
(1452–1485)
r. 1483–1485
James III
King of Scots
(1451–1488)
r. 1460–1488
House of Tudor
Henry VII
King of England
(1457–1509)
r. 1485–1509
Elizabeth
of York

(1466–1503)
Edward V
King of England
(1470–1483)
r. 1483
Mary Tudor
(1496–1533)
Margaret
Tudor

(1489–1541)
James IV
King of Scots
(1473–1513)
r. 1488–1513
Frances Brandon
(1517–1559)
Henry VIII
King of England
(1491–1547)
r. 1509–1547
Margaret
Douglas

(1515–1578)
James V
King of Scots
(1512–1542)
r. 1513–1542
Jane
Queen of England Disputed
(1536/1537–1554)
r. 1553
Edward VI
King of England
(1537–1553)
r. 1547–1553
Mary I
Queen of England
(1516–1558)
r. 1553–1558
Philip II
of Spain
King of England
(1527–1598)
r. 1554–1558
Elizabeth I
Queen of England
(1533–1603)
r. 1558–1603
Henry
Stuart
Lord Darnley

(1545–1567)
Mary I
Queen of Scots
(1542–1587)
r. 1542–1567
James VI and I
King of Scots and England
(1566–1625)
r. 1567–1625 (Scotland)
r. 1603–1625 (England)
Elizabeth
Electress Palatine

(1596–1662)
Charles I
King of England and Scotland
(1600–1649)
r. 1625–1649
Sophia
of Hanover
Electress of Brunswick

(1630–1714)
Charles II
King of England and Scotland
(1630–1685)
r. 1649–1651 (Scotland)
r. 1660–1685 (Scotland & England)
Mary
Princess Royal

(1631–1660)
James II
& VII

King of England and Scotland
(1633–1701)
r. 1685–1688
House of Hanover
George I
King of Great Britain
(1660–1727)
r. 1714–1727
William III & II
King of England and Scotland
(1650–1702)
r. 1688–1702
Mary II
Queen of England and Scotland
(1662–1694)
r. 1688–1694
Anne
Queen of Great Britain
(1665–1714)
r. 1702–1714
George II
King of Great Britain
(1683–1760)
r. 1727–1760
Frederick
Prince of Wales

(1707–1751)
George III
King of the United Kingdom
(1738–1820)
r. 1760–1820
George IV
King of the United Kingdom
(1762–1830)
regent
1811–1820
r. 1820–1830
William IV
King of the United Kingdom
(1765–1837)
r. 1830–1837
Edward
Duke of Kent and Strathearn

(1767–1820)
Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
(1819–1901)
r. 1837–1901
House of Windsor
(Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)
Edward VII
King of the United Kingdom
(1841–1910)
r. 1901–1910
George V
King of the United Kingdom
(1865–1936)
r. 1910–1936
Edward VIII
King of the United Kingdom
(1894–1972)
r. 1936
George VI
King of the United Kingdom
(1895–1952)
r. 1936–1952
Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
(b. 1926)
r. 1952–present
Charles
Prince of Wales
(b. 1948)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • "The Continental Dynasties (1066–1216)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-26.
  • "The Plantagenet Dynasties (1216–1485)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-26.
  • "The Tudors (1485–1603) and the Stuarts (1603–1714)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Retrieved 2010-07-30.