Family tree of Muhammad

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This article is about the family tree of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. known as a member of the family of Hashim and the Quraysh tribe which is ‘Adnani.[1][2][3][4]

Family tree[edit]


Kilab ibn MurrahFatimah bint Sa'd
Zuhrah ibn Kilab
(progenitor of Banu Zuhrah)
maternal great-great-grandfather
Qusai ibn Kilab
paternal great-great-great-grandfather
Hubba bint Hulail
paternal great-great-great-grandmother
`Abd Manaf ibn Zuhrah
maternal great-grandfather
`Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
paternal great-great-grandfather
Atikah bint Murrah
paternal great-great-grandmother
Wahb ibn `Abd Manaf
maternal grandfather
Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf
(progenitor of Banu Hashim)
paternal great-grandfather
Salma bint `Amr
paternal great-grandmother
Fatimah bint `Amr
paternal grandmother
`Abdul-Muttalib
paternal grandfather
Halah bint Wuhayb
paternal step-grandmother
Aminah
mother
`Abdullah
father
Az-Zubayr
paternal uncle
Harith
paternal half-uncle
Hamza
paternal half-uncle
Thuwaybah
first nurse
Halimah
second nurse
Abu Talib
paternal uncle
`Abbas
paternal half-uncle
Abu Lahab
paternal half-uncle
6 other sons
and 6 daughters
MuhammadKhadija
first wife
`Abd Allah ibn `Abbas
paternal cousin
Fatimah
daughter
Ali
paternal cousin and son-in-law
family tree, descendants
Qasim
son
`Abd-Allah
son
Zainab
daughter
Ruqayyah
daughter
Uthman
son-in-law
family tree
Umm Kulthum
daughter
Zayd
adopted son
Ali ibn Zainab
grandson
Umamah bint Zainab
granddaughter
`Abd-Allah ibn Uthman
grandson
Rayhana
(marriage disputed)
Usama ibn Zayd
adoptive grandson
Muhsin ibn Ali
grandson
Hasan ibn Ali
grandson
Husayn ibn Ali
grandson
family tree
Umm Kulthum bint Ali
granddaughter
Zaynab bint Ali
granddaughter
Safiyya
tenth / eleventh wife*
Abu Bakr
father-in-law
family tree
Sawda
second / third wife*
Umar
father-in-law
family tree
Umm Salama
sixth wife
Juwayriya
eighth wife
Maymuna
eleventh / twelfth wife*
Aisha
second / third wife*
Family tree
Zaynab
fifth wife
Hafsa
fourth wife
Zaynab
seventh wife
Umm Habiba
ninth wife
Maria al-Qibtiyya
Ibrahim
son
  • * indicates that the marriage order is disputed
  • Note that direct lineage is marked in bold.

Genealogy[edit]

Part of a series on
Muhammad
Muhammad circular symbol

Wathilah ibn al-Asqa narrated that Muhammad said;

"Indeed Allah chose Isma'il from the progeny of Ibrahim, chose the Banu Kinanah over other tribes from the children of Isma'il; He chose the Banu Quraish over other tribes of Kinanah; He chose Banu Hashim over the other families of the Quraish; and He chose me from Banu Hashim."

— Related by Muslim and Tirmidhi.

Muhammad to Adnan[edit]

According to Islamic prophetic tradition, Muhammad was descended from Adnan. Tradition records the genealogy from Adnan to Muhammad comprises 21 generations. "The following is the list of chiefs who are said to have ruled the Hejaz and to have been the patrilineal ancestors of Muhammad."[4]

Muhammad's ancestors to Murrah

Adnan to Isma'il[edit]

Various genealogies of Adnan up to Isma'il have been narrated. Adnan was the ancestor of the Adnani Arabs of northern, central and western Arabia and a direct descendant of Isma'il. It is not confirmed how many generations are between them; however, Adnan was fairly close to Isma'il. Isma'il had twelve sons who are said to have become twelve tribal chiefs throughout the regions from Havilah to Shur (from Assyria to the border of Egypt).

Genealogists differ from which son of Isma'il the main line of descent came, either through his eldest son Nabut, or his second son Qedar who was the father of the North Arabian Qedarite tribe that controlled the region between the Persian Gulf and the Sinai Peninsula. Genealogists also differ in the names on the line of descent.

Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari states:

"The genealogists do not differ concerning the descent of our Prophet Muhammad as far as Ma’add b. ‘Adnan."

— The History of al-Tabari, Volume 6, p. 37
The relationship between the prophets under the lineage of Abraham's two sons Ishmael and Isaac

Ibrahim to Nuh[edit]

`Abd Allah ibn `Abbas narrated Muhammad said;

"The descendants of `Imran, mentioned in Allah's saying, ‘Allah did choose Adam and Nuh, the family of Ibrahim, and the family of `Imran above all people,-' [Quran 03:33] are the believers among sons of Ibrahim, `Imran, Yasin and Muhammad"

— Related by Bukhari.

"And We sent Noah and Abraham, and established in their line Prophethood and Revelation: and some of them were on right guidance. But many of them became rebellious transgressors."

— Qur'an, chapter 57 (Al-Hadid), verse 26.

It is unclear how many generations are between Ibrahim and Nuh. Nuh's son Sam was the ancestor of the Semitic race.

Nuh to Adam[edit]

'Abd Allah ibn 'Abbas narrated Muhammad said;

“Between Nuh and Adam were ten generations, all of them were upon Sharia of the truth, then they differed. So Allah sent prophets as bringers of good news and as warners.”

Family tree linking prophets to Imams[edit]

Family tree linking prophets to Imams
İbrahim
İsmail
Qedarites
Adnān
Mālik
Quraysh
Fihr
HarithMuhāribGālib
SalabahLu'ay
SûrayrKâ'bSayl
MûrrahSa'd
Hind
Kilab ibn MurrahFatimah bint Sa'd
Qusai ibn KilabHubba bint HulailZuhrah ibn Kilab
Waqida bint AmrAbd Manaf ibn QusaiʿAbd Manāf ibn ZuhrahʿĀtika
Nawfal ibn Abd ManafAtikah bint Murrah
ʿAbd Shams ibnʿAbdManafHalaBarraMuttalib ibn Abd ManafHashim ibn 'Abd ManafHashemites
Banu NawfalUmayya ibn Abd ShamsBarraWahb ibn 'Abd ManafAbusayfah‘Abd al-MuttalibAsad ibn HashimNazle
HarbAbu al-'As ibn UmayyahAminah bint Wahb‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abd al-MuttalibAbu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-MuttalibHamza ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
Abu Sufyan ibn HarbAl-Hakam ibn Abi al-'AsAffan ibn Abi al-'AsMuhammed
(Family tree)
Khadijah (Daughters)Ali
(Family tree)
Khawlah bint Ja'farʿAbd Allâh bin `Abbâs
Muawiyah IMarwan ibn al-HakamUthman ibn AffanRuqayyah bint MuhammadFatimah ZahraMuhammad ibn al-HanafiyyahAl-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi
(Kaysān’îyyah)
ʿAli bin ʿAbd Allāh
UmmayadsUthman ibn Abu-al-AasHasan al-mujtabaMother of FātimāhHussein ibn Ali (Family)ShahrbanuAbu Hāshim al-Hānafiyyah (Kaysān’īyyah)Muhammad "al-Imām"
Yazid IZayd ibn al-HasanHasan al-Mu'thannāFatimah bint HasanAli Zayn
al-‘Āb’i-Dīn
Jayda al-SindhiAs-SaffahIbrāheem "al-Imām"
Muawiyah IIHasan ibn Zayd ibn HasanʿAbd Allāh al-KāmilFarwah bint al-QasimMuhammad al-Baqir
(Imāmah)
Zayd ash-Shaheed
(Zaidiyyah)
AbbasidsJāʿfar ibn Abī Tālīb
Ali Zayn
al-‘Āb’i-Dīn
Ismā‘il ibn HassanMuhammad
al-Nafs al-Zakiyya
Hamīdah
al-Barbariyyah Khātūn
Jāʿfar al-Sādiq (Imamāh‘Shi'ā)Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram
bin al-Ḥasan bin Ali
Hasan ibn Zayd’ûl-Alavī (Tabaristan)ʿAbd Allāh ibn Jāʿfar
‘Umar al-AshrafMuhammed ibn Ismā‘ilIdris ibn ʿAbd AllāhUmmul Banīn NajmahMusa al-Kadhim
(Athnā‘ashariyyah)
Ismā‘il
(Ismā‘il’īyyah)
Yāhyā ibn Zayd’ûl-AlavīIsmā‘il ibn ʿAbd Allāh
‘AlīZayyedIdrisidsSabīkah KhayzurānAli al-RidhaMuhammedHusseinʿAbd Allāh
al-HussaynDā‘ī al-KabīrIbrāhimSumānahM. al-JawādAl-WafiYāhyāal-Hussayn
‘AlīAl-ṣāghīrYāhyāHadīthah/Sūsan/Savīl‘Alī al-HādīAt-Tāqī‘UmarFatımā
al-NāṣīrNarjisHasan al-AskariAr-RāḍīYāhyā Kufī
AlavidsMuhammad MahdiMahdi Billāh
Twelve Imams (Twelvers)Fatimids (Ismailism)Al-Aftāh (Aftāhīyyah)
Al-Qā'imMuhammad
Al-Mansur
Al-Mu'izz
Al-Aziz
Al-Hakim
Az-Zahir
Al-Mustansir
Nizār al-Muṣṭafá (Nizārīyyah)MuhammedAl-Mustā‘lī (Mustā‘līyyah)
Al-Āmīr
Alamut Castle (Hassasins)Al-Hāfeez (Ḥāfīzīyyah)Aṭ-Ṭāyyīb (Ṭāyyībīyyah)
Al-ZāfīrYūssuf
Nizārī ImāmahAl-Fā'īzTaiyabi Dā'ĩs
Al-'Āḍīd
Nizārī IsmāilismDawoodi Dā'ĩs
Ayyubids

Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Muhammad
16. Mughira
8. 'Amr al-ʻUlā
17. Atikah
4. Shaybah
18. Amr
9. Salma
2. Abdullah
20. A'idh
10. Amr
5. Fatimah
22. Abd
11. Sakhrah
23. Takhmur
1.Muhammed
24. Zuhrah
12. Abd Manaf
6. Wahb
26. Wajz
13. Hind
3. Aminah
28. Uthman
14. Abdul Uzza
7. Barrah
30. Asad
15. Umm Habib
31. Barrah

See also[edit]

Moses was a descendents of Levi

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maqsood, Ruqaiyyah Waris. "The Prophet's Line Family No 3 – Qusayy, Hubbah, and Banu Nadr to Quraysh". Ruqaiyyah Waris Maqsood Dawah. Retrieved 2013-07-01. [unreliable source?]
  2. ^ Ibn Hisham. The Life of the Prophet Muhammad. 1. p. 181. 
  3. ^ Parolin, Gianluca P. (2009). Citizenship in the Arab World: Kin, Religion and Nation-State. p. 30. ISBN 978-9089640451.  "The ‘arabicised or arabicising Arabs’, on the contrary, are believed to be the descendants of Ishmael through Adnan, but in this case the genealogy does not match the Biblical line exactly. The label ‘arabicised’ is due to the belief that Ishmael spoke Hebrew until he got to Mecca, where he married a Yemeni woman and learnt Arabic. Both genealogical lines go back to Sem, son of Noah, but only Adnanites can claim Abraham as their ascendant, and the lineage of Mohammed, the Seal of Prophets (khatim al-anbiya'), can therefore be traced back to Abraham. Contemporary historiography unveiled the lack of inner coherence of this genealogical system and demonstrated that it finds insufficient matching evidence; the distinction between Qahtanites and Adnanites is even believed to be a product of the Umayyad Age, when the war of factions (al-niza al-hizbi) was raging in the young Islamic Empire."
  4. ^ a b Hughes, Thomas Patrick (1995) [First published 1885]. A Dictionary of Islam: Being a Cyclopaedia of the Doctrines, Rites, Ceremonies, and Customs, Together With the Technical and Theological Terms, of the Muhammadan Religion. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. p. 19. ISBN 978-81-206-0672-2. Retrieved July 24, 2010. 
  5. ^ Koenig, Harold G. (2014-01-01). "Differences and Similarities". Health and Well-Being in Islamic Societies. Springer Science+Business Media. p. 97. The Quraysh was Nadhr, the 12th tribal generation down from Kedar, the son of Ishmael mentioned in the Bible. 
  6. ^ Ibn Hisham, Rahmat-ul-lil'alameen, 2/14-17.
  7. ^ Firestone et al., 2001, pp. 11-12. This list of names is based on the work of a 16th-century Syrian scholar. Alternate transliterations of the Arabic appear in parentheses. For those names that have articles, which use the most common English name, the article has been linked, but the name appears as transliterated from the Arabic.