Family values

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Family values, sometimes referred to as familial values, are traditional or cultural values (that is, values passed on from generation to generation within families) that pertain to the family's structure, function, roles, beliefs, attitudes, and ideals. In the social sciences, sociologists may use the term "traditional family" in order to refer specifically to the child-rearing environment that sociologists formerly called the norm. This "traditional family" involves a family with a breadwinner father and a homemaker mother, raising their biological children. Any deviation from this family model is considered a "nontraditional family".

Definition[edit]

According to Dictionary.com, "family values" is defined as "the moral and ethical principles traditionally upheld and transmitted within a family, as honesty, loyalty, industry, and faith."[1]

According to Merriam-Webster, "family values" are "values especially of a traditional or conservative kind which are held to promote the sound functioning of the family and to strengthen the fabric of society".[2]

According to OxfordDictionaries.com, "family values" are "values held to be traditionally learned or reinforced within a family, such as those of high moral standards and discipline."[3]

In politics[edit]

Familialism or familism is the ideology that puts priority to family and family values.[4] This can manifest as prioritizing the needs of the family higher than that of individuals, with influence on individuals as well as on society and politics.[4] Politically, familialism may advocate a welfare system wherein it is presumed that families will take responsibility for the care of its members rather than leaving that responsibility to the government.[4]

In the United States, the banner of "family values" has been used "to fight abortion, gay rights, and major feminist objectives" [5]

In culture[edit]

Saudi culture[edit]

Interpretations of Islamic teachings and Arab culture are common for the majority of Saudis; Islam is a driving cultural force that means a submission to the will of God; a Muslim is a follower or one who obeys the will of God.[6] An indisputable fact in the academic literature suggests that the family is regarded as the main foundation of Muslim society and culture; the family structure and nature of the relationship between family members are influenced by the Islamic religion.[7] Marriage in Saudi culture means the union of two families, not just two individuals.[8] In Muslim society, marriage involves a social contract that occurs with the consent of parents or guardians. Furthermore, marriage is considered the only legitimate outlet for sexual desires, and sex outside marriage is considered a crime that is punished under Islamic law.[9] This view of marriage is similar to the Western Christian view of marriage, created in 12th century France, which promised salvation, sex without sin, and so much more.[10]

The Saudi family includes extended families, as the extended family provides the individual with a sense of identity. The father is often the breadwinner and protector of the family, whereas the mother is often the homemaker and the primary caretaker of the children.[11] Parents are regarded with high respect, and children are highly encouraged to respect and obey their parents.[12] Oftentimes, families provide elderly care. Until recently, because families and friends are expected to provide elderly care, the concept of the "nursing home" was considered culturally unacceptable.[13]

United States culture[edit]

Nontraditional families make up the majority of American households.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "family values". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "family values". Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, Inc. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "family values". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c Emiko Ochiai, Leo Aoi Hosoya (2014). Transformation of the Intimate and the Public in Asian Modernity. The Intimate and the Public in Asian and Global Perspectives. BRILL. ISBN 9789004264359.  [url=https://books.google.com/books?id=JImIBAAAQBAJ&pg=PA20 Page 20-21]
  5. ^ Dowland, Seth (2015). [to fight abortion, gay rights, and major feminist objectives Family Values and the Rise of the Christian Right] Check |url= value (help). University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 9780812247602. 
  6. ^ Peachy, William S. (1999). A brief look upon Islam. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Darussalam Publishers and Distributors. p. 48. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  7. ^ Mutair, A; Plummer, V; O'Brien, A; Clerehan, R (2014). Contemporary Nurse: A Journal For The Australian Nursing Profession. 46 (2): 254–258.  Missing or empty |title= (help);
  8. ^ Khalaf, I; Callister, L (1997). "Cultural meanings of childbirth: Muslim women living in Jordan". Journal of Holistic Nursing. 4 (15): 373–388. 
  9. ^ Lemu, A; Heeren, F (1992). Women in Islam. Leicester, England: The Islamic Foundation. 
  10. ^ McDougall, Sara (2013). "The Making of Marriage in Medieval France". Journal of Family History. 38 (2): 103–121. 
  11. ^ Luna, J (1989). "Transcultural nursing care of Arab Muslims". Journal of Transcultural Nursing. 1 (1): 22–26. 
  12. ^ Ghazwi, F.; Nock, L. (1989). Middle Eastern Studies. 25: 363–369.  Missing or empty |title= (help);
  13. ^ Luna, J (1989). "Transcultural nursing care of Arab Muslims". Journal of Transcultural Nursing. 1 (1): 22–26. 
  14. ^ Panasenko, N (2013). "Czech and Slovak Family Patterns and Family Values in Historical, Social and Cultural Context". Journal of Comparative Family Studies. 44 (1): 79–98. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]