Famous Views of the Sixty-odd Provinces

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Kozuke Province
26 Kozuke.jpg
Artist Hiroshige
Year 1853–56
Type ukiyo-e

Famous Views of the Sixty-odd Provinces (in Japanese 六十余州名所図会 Rokujūyoshū Meisho Zue) is a series of ukiyo-e prints by the Japanese artist Hiroshige (1797–1858). The series consists of a print of a famous view from each of the 68 provinces of Japan plus a print of Edo, the capital, and a contents page for a total of 70 prints. The prints were first published in serialized form by Koshimuraya Heisuke in 1853–56.

History[edit]

Naruto Whirlpools, Awa Province, 1855 Hirosige

Hiroshige started the series in the seventh month of Kaei 6 (Sept 1853) and completed it in the third month of Ansei 3 (May 1856).

The first 42 prints were completed and published in 1853. Thereafter, Hiroshige slowed down the pace of publishing: Buzen Province, listed as the 61st print, was issued in 1854; another seventeen were published in the 9th month of 1855; and the final nine prints in the third to fifth months of 1856.

A contents page was also published in 1856 after the final prints; The ordering of the prints on the contents page differs slightly from the actual print publication ordering. The new ordering on the contents page grouped the prints according to the 8 travel routes in Old Japan.

Hiroshige based many of his designs on old Japanese guidebooks called meishō zue. In particular, at least 26 of the designs are believed to have been based on drawings from the 8 volume series of guidebooks called Sansui Kikan (Exceptional Mountain and Water Landscapes) written and illustrated by Fuchigami Kyokkō (淵上旭江) (1753-1816) published by Yanagihara Kihei from 1800-1802. As well as several from drawings in the early volumes of the Hokusai Manga (北斎漫画, "Hokusai's Sketches") series.[1]

A deluxe edition featuring bokashi—additional overprinting to enrich the design—was produced as an initial run to publicize the series. Subsequent print runs tended to limit or eliminate the overprinting which was relatively costly to produce.

Format and Design[edit]

The series uses a vertical (立て絵, tate-e) layout for each of the prints. The size was the vertical ôban: 35.6 x 24.8 cm (14 x 9 3/4 in.)

This was the first time such a format had been used in a major Japanese landscape print series. A likely reason for Hiroshige's choice was that rather than travel to the actual locations, he based many of his designs on Meisho Zue guidebooks which used a vertical, rather than horizontal, format. It is also speculated by scholars that a vertical format would have been a strong marketing ploy at the time and a better binding of such a large number of prints.[1]

The topics for the designs were famous places seen from the vantage point of a local. There is one print for each of the 68 provinces that existed at the time of the series. The print designs document a world that was about to change: A few months after the first prints were published the Black Ships that contributed to the opening of Japan arrived and just over a decade after the completion of the series, in 1872, the Meiji Restoration would rewrite the provincial boundaries that had existed since 824AD.

In addition to the prints of the provinces, there is a single print of Asakusa Fair in Edo, the capital of Japan at the time. This print would be a harbinger of Hiroshige's One Hundred Famous Views of Edo the start of which overlapped with the final prints of this series.

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Key[edit]

  • No.: number of the print
  • Title: as it appears on the print together with English translation and Japanese reading
  • Depicted: major landmarks that appear in the print listed in order of increasing distance from the viewer
  • Date: publication year and month (in the pre-1873 Japanese lunisolar calendar) according to the date seal; intercalary months are preceded with "i"
  • Location: place and coordinates of the viewpoint. The coordinates are approximate—typical the coords of a picture element as a proxy for the viewpoint.
  • Image: a picture of the print

Prints[edit]

No. Province Depicted Date Location Image
1 Yamashiro (山城) The Togetsu Bridge in Arashiyama|あらし山 渡月橋}|} 1853 / 7 Yamashiro Province

35°00′46″N 135°40′40″E / 35.012864°N 135.67775°E / 35.012864; 135.67775 (1. Togetsu Bridge, Yamashiro Province)

Hiroshige Yamashiro Arashiyama.jpg
2 Yamato (大和) Tatsuta Mountain and Tatsuta River (立田山 龍田川, Tatsuta-san Tatsuta-gawa) 1853 / 7 Yamato Province

34°37′0″N 135°44′0″E / 34.61667°N 135.73333°E / 34.61667; 135.73333 (2. Tatsuta Mountain and Tatsuta River, Yamato Province)

Yamato Province, Tatsuta Mountain and Tatsuta River (5765346137).jpg
3 Kawachi (河内) Mount Otoko in Hirakata (枚方 男山) 1853 / 07 Kawachi Province

34°49′0″N 135°39′0″E / 34.81667°N 135.65000°E / 34.81667; 135.65000 (3. Mount Otoko in Hirakata, Kawachi Province)

Kawachi Province, Mount Otoko in Hirakata (5765347007).jpg
4 Izumi (和泉) Takashi Beach (高師のはま) 1853 / 7 Izumi Province

35°40′39.4″N 139°47′14.7″E / 35.677611°N 139.787417°E / 35.677611; 139.787417 (4. Takashi beach, Izumi Province)

Izumi Province, Takashi Beach.jpg
5 Settsu (摂津) Sumiyoshi, Idemi Beach (住よし 出見のはま, Sumiyoshi, Idemi no hama) 1853 / 7 Settsu Province

34°36′46″N 135°29′35″E / 34.61278°N 135.49306°E / 34.61278; 135.49306 (5. Sumiyoshi, Idemi Beach, Settsu Province)

Settsu Province, Sumiyoshi, Idemi Beach.jpg
6 Iga (伊賀) Ueno (上野) 1853 / 7 Iga Province

34°46′12.33″N 136°7′37.9″E / 34.7700917°N 136.127194°E / 34.7700917; 136.127194 (6. Ueno, Iga Province)

Hiroshige Igaueno.jpg
7 Ise (伊勢) Mount Asama, Teahouses on the Mountain Pass (朝熊山 峠の茶屋, Asamasan-tōge no chaya) 1853 / 7 Ise Province

36°24′0″N 138°31′0″E / 36.40000°N 138.51667°E / 36.40000; 138.51667 (7. Mount Asama, Teahouses on the Mountain Pass, Ise Province)

07 Ise.jpg
8 Shima (志摩) Mount Hiyori and Toba Harbor (日和山 鳥羽湊, Hiyoriyama Toba minato) 1853 / 7 Shima Province

35°41′10.5″N 139°46′26.2″E / 35.686250°N 139.773944°E / 35.686250; 139.773944 (8. Mount Hiyori and Toba Harbor, Shima Province)

The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 08 Shima.jpg
9 Owari (尾張) Tsushima, Tenno Festival (津嶋 天王祭り, Tsushima Ten'nō matsuri) 1853 / 7 Owari Province

35°10′37.4″N 136°44′28.6″E / 35.177056°N 136.741278°E / 35.177056; 136.741278 (9. Tsushima, Tenno Festival, Owari Province)

Owari Province, Tsushima, Tenno Festival (5765896728).jpg
10 Mikawa (三河) Horai Temple Mountains (鳳来寺山巌, Hōraijisan Iwao) 1853 / 8 Mikawa Province

34°58′44.2″N 137°35′10.3″E / 34.978944°N 137.586194°E / 34.978944; 137.586194 (10. Horai Temple Mountains, Mikawa Province)

10 Mikawa.jpg
11 Totomi (遠江) Lake Hamana, Kanzan Temple in Horie and the Inasa-Horie Inlet (濱名之湖 堀江館山寺 引佐之細江, Hamana no mizūmi Horie Kanzanji Inasa no Hosoe) 1853 / 8

34°46'05.4"N 137°36'46.8"E

Totomi Province

34°46′5.4″N 137°36′46.8″E / 34.768167°N 137.613000°E / 34.768167; 137.613000 (11. Kanzan Temple, Totomi Province)

Hiroshige Tōtōmi Kanzanji.jpg
12 Suruga (駿河) Miho Pine Grove (三保のまつ原, Miho no Matsubara) 1853 / 7 Suruga Province

34°59′43.6″N 138°31′29.1″E / 34.995444°N 138.524750°E / 34.995444; 138.524750 (12. Miho Pine Grove, Sugura Province)

The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 12 Suruga.jpg
13 Kai (甲斐) Monkey Bridge (さるはし, Saruhashi) 1853 / 8 Kai Province

35°36′56.68″N 138°58′48.8″E / 35.6157444°N 138.980222°E / 35.6157444; 138.980222 (13. Monkey Bridge, Kai Province)

Hiroshige Kai Saruhashi.jpg
14 Izu (伊豆) The Hot Springs of the Shuzen Temple (修禅寺 湯治場, Shuzenji tōji-ba) 1853 / 8 Izu Province

34°58′17.5″N 138°55′39.2″E / 34.971528°N 138.927556°E / 34.971528; 138.927556 (14. The Hot Springs of the Shuzen Temple, Izu Province)

14 Izu n.jpg
15 Sagami (相模) Enoshima, The Entrance to the Caves (江之嶋 岩屋ノ口, Kō no Shima iwaya nokuchi) 1853 / 8 Sagami Province

35°17′53″N 139°28′36.2″E / 35.29806°N 139.476722°E / 35.29806; 139.476722 (15. Enoshima, The Entrance to the Caves, Sagami Province)

15 Sagami n.jpg
16 Musashi (武蔵) Sumida River, Snowy Morning (隅田川 雪の朝, Sumidagawa yukinoashita) 1853 / 8 Musashi Province

35°47′25.1″N 139°41′11.7″E / 35.790306°N 139.686583°E / 35.790306; 139.686583 (16. Sumida River, Snowy Morning, Musashi Province)

The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 16 Musashi.jpg[1]
17 Edo (江戸) Asakusa Fair (浅草市, Asakusa-shi) 1853 / 10 Edo

35°42′50.6″N 139°47′48″E / 35.714056°N 139.79667°E / 35.714056; 139.79667 (17. Asakusa Fair, Edo)

17 Edo.jpg
18 Awa (安房 小湊内浦) Kominato, Uchiura (小湊 内浦, Kominato Uchiura) 1853 / 8 Awa Province

34°21′36.2″N 133°19′27.1″E / 34.360056°N 133.324194°E / 34.360056; 133.324194 (18. Kominato, Uchiura, Awa, Province)

The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 18 Awa Province, Kominato, Uchiura.jpg
19 Kazusa (上総) Yasashi Bay, Common name: Kujukuri (矢さしが浦 通名九十九里, Ya sashi ga Ura tōrina Kujūkuri) 1853 / 8 Kazusa Province

35°33′24.5″N 140°28′34.5″E / 35.556806°N 140.476250°E / 35.556806; 140.476250 (19. Yasashi Bay, Kazusa Province)

19 Kazusa.jpg
20 Shimosa (下総) Choshi Beach, Toura (銚子の濱 外浦, Chōshi no hama Sotoura) 1853 / 8 Province

35°43′46.3″N 140°49′39″E / 35.729528°N 140.82750°E / 35.729528; 140.82750 (20. Choshi Beach, Toura, Shimosa Province)

The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 20 Shimosa.jpg
21 Hitachi (常陸) Daijingu Shrine in Kashima (鹿嶋大神宮, Kashima daijingū) 1853 / 8 Hitachi Province

35°59′46.1″N 140°36′7.1″E / 35.996139°N 140.601972°E / 35.996139; 140.601972 (21. Daijingu Shrine in Kashima, Hitachi Province)

The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 21 Hitachi.jpg
22 Omi (近江) Lake Biwa, Ishiyama Temple (琵琶湖 石山寺, Biwako Ishiyamadera) 1853 / 7 Omi Province

35°20′0″N 136°10′0″E / 35.33333°N 136.16667°E / 35.33333; 136.16667 (22. Lake Biwa, Ishiyama Temple, Omi Province)

22 Omi.jpg
23 Mino (美濃) Yoro Waterfall (養老ノ瀧, Yōrōnotaki) 1853 / 8 Mino Province

35°16′48″N 136°32′3″E / 35.28000°N 136.53417°E / 35.28000; 136.53417 (23. Yoro Waterfall, Mino Province)

The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 23 Mino.jpg
24 Hida (飛弾) Basket Ferry (籠わたし, Kagowatashi) 1853 / 8 Hida Province
Hiroshige Hida.jpg
25 Shinano (信濃) The Moon Reflected in the Sarashina Paddy-fields, Mount Kyodai (更科田毎月 鏡臺山, Sarashina tagoto no tsuki, Kyôdaisan) 1853 / 8 Shinano Province
25 Shinano.jpg
26 Kozuke (上野) Mount Haruna Under Snow (榛名山 雪中, Harunasan setchū) 1853 / 8 Kozuke Province
26 Kozuke.jpg
27 Shimotsuke (下野) Mount Nikko, Urami Waterfall (日光山 裏見ノ瀧, Nikkōyama uraminotaki) 1853 / 8 Shimotsuke Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 27 Shimotsuke.jpg
28 Mutsu (陸奥) View of Matsushima, Sight Map from Mount Tomi (松島風景 富山眺望之略図, Matsushima fūkei Toyama chōbō no ryakuzu) 1853 / 8 Mutsu Province
Mutsu Province, View of Matsushima, Sight Map from Mount Tomi.jpg
29 Dewa (出羽) Mogami River, A Perspective View of Mount Gassan (最上川 月山遠望, Mogamigawa Gassan enbō) 1853 / 8 Dewa Province
Dewa Province, Mogami River, A Perspective View of Mount Gassan (5765349263).jpg
30 Wakasa (若狭) A Fishing Boat Catching Flat Fish in a Net (漁船 鰈網, Gyosen karei-mō) 1853 / 9 Wakasa Province
30 Wakasa.jpg
31 Echizen (越前) Tsuruga, Kehi Pine Grove (敦賀 気比ノ松原, Tsuruga kihinomatsubara) 1853 / 9 Echizen Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 31 Echizen.jpg
32 Kaga (加賀) The Eight Wonders of Kanazawa, The Fishing Fires on Lake Renko (金沢八勝之内 蓮湖之漁火, Kanazawa hasshô no uchi, Renko no isaribi) 1855 (Ansei 2), 9th month Kaga Province
32 Kaga.jpg
33 Noto (能登) Waterfall Bay (瀧之浦, Takiyuki Ura) 1853 / 9 Noto Province
Hiroshige Noto Takinoura.jpg
34 Etchu (越中) Toyama, Pontoon (冨山 船橋, Tomiyama Funabashi) 1853 / 9 Etchu Province
34 Etchu.jpg
35 Echigo (越後) Oyashirazu (親しらず) 1853 / 9 Echigo Province
35 Echigo.jpg
36 Sado (佐渡) The Goldmines (金やま, Kin ya ma) 1853 / 9 Sado Province
Hiroshige, Gold mine in Sado province, 1853.jpg
37 Tanba (丹波) Kanegasaka (鐘坂) 1853 / 12 Tanba Province
37 Tamba n.jpg
38 Tango (丹後) Ama no hashidate (天の橋立) 1853 / 12 Tango Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 38 Tango.jpg
39 Tajima (但馬) Iwai Valley, Kannon Cave (岩井谷 窟観音, Iwaidani iwayakan'non) 1853 / 12 Tajima Province
39 Tajiima.jpg
40 Inaba (因幡) Karo, Koyama (加路 小山) 1853 / 12 Inaba Province
40 Inaba.jpg
41 Hoki (伯耆) Ono, Distant View of Mount Daisen (大野 大山遠望, Ōno Ōyama enbō) 1853 / 12 Hoki Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 41 Hoki.jpg
42 Izumo (出雲) Taisha, Depiction of Hotohoto (大社 ほとほとの図, Taisha hotohoto no zu) 1853 / 12 Izumo Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 42 Izumo.jpg
43 Iwami (石見) Mount Takazuno, Salt Beach (高津山 汐濱, Kō Tsuyama Shiohama) 1853 / 12 Iwami Province
43 Iwami.jpg
44 Oki (隠岐) Takuhi Shrine (焚火の社, Takibi no sha) 1853 / 12 Oki Province
Hiroshige Oki Takuhinoyashiro.jpg
45 Harima (播磨) Maiko Beach (舞子の濱, Maiko no hama) 1853 / 12 Harima Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 45 Harima.jpg
46 Mimasaka (美作) Yamabushi Valley (山伏谷, Yamabushidani) 1853 / 12 Mimasaka Province
Hiroshige Mimasaka Yamabushidani.jpg
47 Bizen (備前) Tanokuchi Coast, Yugasan torii (田の口海浜 瑜賀山鳥居) 1853 / 12 Bizen Province
Hiroshige Bizen Tanokuchi.jpg
48 Bitchu (備中) Gokei (豪渓) 1853 / 12 Bitchu Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 48 Bitchu.jpg
49 Bingo (備後) Abuto, Kannon Temple (阿武門観音堂, Abu-mon Kan'nondō) 1853 / 12 Bingo Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 49 Bingo.jpg
50 Aki (安藝) Itsukushima, Depiction of a Festival (巌島 祭礼之図, Iwao-jima sairei no zu) 1853 / 12 Aki Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 50 Aki.jpg
51 Suo (周防) Iwakuni, Kintai Bridge (岩國 錦帯橋, Iwakuni Kintaikyō) 1856 / 12 Suo Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 51 Suo.jpg
52 Nagato (長門) Shimonoseki (下の関) 1856 / 3 Nagato Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 52 Nagato.jpg
53 Kii (紀伊) Waka no ura (和哥之浦) 1855 / 9 Kii Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 53 Kii.jpg
54 Awaji (淡路) Goshiki Beach (五色濱, Goshiki hama) 1855 / 9 Awaji Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 54 Awaji.jpg
55 Awa (阿波) Naruto Whirlpools (鳴門の風波, Naruto no fūha) 1855 / 9 Awa Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 55 Awa.jpg
56 Sanuki (讃岐) Distant View of Mount Zozu (象頭山遠望, Zōzusan enbō) 1855 / 9 Sanuki Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 56 Sanuki.jpg
57 Iyo (伊豫) Saijo (西條) 1855 / 9 Iyo Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 57 Iyo.jpg
58 Tosa (土佐) Bonito Fishing at Sea (海上松魚釣, Umi Agematsu Uotsuri) 1855 / 9 Tosa Province
58 Tosa.jpg
59 Chikuzen (筑前) Hakozaki, Umi no Nakamichi (筥崎 海中道みち) 1855 / 9 Chikuzen Province
59 Chikuzen.jpg
60 Chikugo (筑後) The Currents Around the Weir (簗瀬, Yanaze) 1855 / 9 Chikugo Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 60 Chikugo.jpg
61 Buzen (豊前) The Passage Under the Rakan Monastery (羅漢寺 下道, Rakanji Shitamichi) 1854 / 11 Buzen Province
Hiroshige Buzen Rakanji.jpg
62 Bungo (豊後) Minosaki (簑崎) 1856 / 4 Bungo Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 62 Bungo.jpg
63 Hizen (肥前) Nagasaki, Mount Inasa (長嵜 稲佐山) 1856 / 5 Hizen Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 63 Hizen.jpg
64 Higo (肥後) Gokanosho (五ヶの庄) 1856 / 3 Higo Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 64 Higo.jpg
65 Hyuga (日向) Aburatsu Port, Obi Oshima (油津ノ湊 飫肥大嶌, Aburatsu no minato, Obi Ôshima) 1856 / 3 Hyuga Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 65 Hyuga.jpg
66 Osumi (大隅) Sakura shima (さくらしま) 1856 / 3 Osumi Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 66 Osumi.jpg
67 Satsuma (薩摩) Bo Bay, The Two-sword Rocks (坊ノ浦 雙剣石, Bô no ura, Sôkenseki) 1856 / 3 Satsuma Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 67 Satsuma.jpg
68 Iki (壱岐) Shisa (志作) 1856 / 3 Iki Province
The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 68 Iki.jpg
69 Tsushima (対馬) A Fine Evening on the Coast, Tsushima Province (海岸 夕晴) 1856 / 3 Tsushima Province

34°25′0″N 129°20′0″E / 34.41667°N 129.33333°E / 34.41667; 129.33333 (A Fine Evening on the Coast of Tsushima Province)

The Famous Scenes of the Sixty States 69 Tsushima.jpg
Table of Contents
Title Page for the series Famous Places in the Sixty-odd Provinces of Japan.jpg

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jansen, Marije. Hiroshige's Journey in the 60-Odd Provinces Hotei, 2004. 90-74822-60-6

External Links[edit]