Fan Lau (Chinese: 分流) is a peninsula and area in the southwest tip of Lantau Island in Hong Kong. It is also the southwest end the territory of Hong Kong. The very end of the tip is Fan Lau Kok (分流角). The peninsula separates water into Fan Lau Tung Wan (分流東灣; "East Bay") in the east, and Fan Lau Sai Wan (分流西灣; "West Bay") and Fan Lau Miu Wan (分流廟灣; "Temple Bay") in the west.
Fan Lau Tsuen
Fan Lau Tsuen (分流村) is a village on the flat land between the peninsula and the main trunk of Lantau Island. It is located on the west bank of Fan Lau, facing Fan Lau Sai Wan. The village was previously named Shek Sun Village (石筍村, "Village of Stone Shoots") and there were not more than 200 people in the village in the heyday. Most of the villagers have moved out of the village and some stayed in Tai O and Pui O of Lantau Island In January 1997, only three people were still living in the village.
Fan Lau is a Cantonese name that means separating water flows. The tip points to Lantau Channel dividing the current from Pearl River and the water of South China Sea. Due to its military strategic position, Fan Lau Fort was built in Qing Dynasty to defend the territory.
Another archaeological founding on the peninsula is a stone circle of Neolithic and Bronze Age with unidentified purpose. The Stone Circle and Fan Lau Fort are both declared monuments of Hong Kong.
There is a lighthouse at Fan Lau Kok.
In the late 1980s, the China Light and Power company sought to build a new electricity generating plant in Hong Kong. Many sites were examined, including Gruff Head in Sai Kung, Fan Lau, and Black Point in Tuen Mun. After Gruff Head was rejected by the government in 1989, CLP proposed to build a coal-fired plant at Fan Lau. The plant would have covered an area of 60 hectares, and would have incorporated chimneys, ash lagoons, pylons, and new roads. This was fiercely opposed by major environmental groups in Hong Kong. In 1990, the Fan Lau site was rejected by the government for its "unprecedented level of conflict with the Country Parks Ordinance" and air pollution concerns. Instead, the Black Point Power Station, a gas-fired station, opened near the existing Castle Peak Power Station in 1996.
As with other coastal locations in the region, the coastlines of Fan Lau are marred by accumulation of marine refuse.
- Brief Information on Proposed Grade 3 Items, pp.738-739 Archived September 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- Currie, Mike (January 12, 1997). "A village lost to marauders". South China Morning Post. p. 3. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
- Fan Lau Stone Circle at Antiquities and Monuments Office website
- Brief Information on Proposed Grade 3 Items, pp.1051 Archived September 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- Hong Kong The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 3 November 2016
- Pedrazzini, Fabian (24 January 1990). "Power station would affect more than Fan Lau". South China Morning Post. p. 12.
- Allen, Jamie (2 August 1990). "Power station site on Lantau rejected". South China Morning Post. p. 1.
- Allen, Jamie (21 August 1990). "Power station proposed for Black Point". South China Morning Post. p. 5.
- Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department
- Lantau Trail Stage 7 at hkwalkers.net
- Fan Lau Country Trail at hkwalkers.net
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fan Lau.|
- Aerial image from Google Map
- da Silva, Armando M. (1968). "Fan Lau and its Fort: an Historical Perspective" (PDF). Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch. 8: 82–95. ISSN 1991-7295.
- Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of China: Hong Kong". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- Picture of the lighthouse