Fanaroff–Riley classification

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The Fanaroff–Riley classification is a scheme created by B.L. Fanaroff and J.M. Riley in 1974,[1] which is used to distinguish radio galaxies with active nuclei based on their radio luminosity or brightness of their radio emissions in relation to their hosting environment. Class I (abbreviated FR-I) are sources whose luminosity decreases as the distance from the central galaxy or quasar host increase, while Class II (FR-II) sources exhibit increasing luminosity in the lobes. These sources are called also edge-brightened. This distinction is important because it presents a direct link between the galaxy's luminosity and the way in which energy is transported from the central region and converted to radio emission in the outer parts.[2][3]

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  1. ^ Fanaroff, Bernard L., Riley Julia M.; Riley (May 1974). "The morphology of extragalactic radio sources of high and low luminosity". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 167: 31P–36P. Bibcode:1974MNRAS.167P..31F. doi:10.1093/mnras/167.1.31p.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Tsinganos, Kanaris C.; T. Thomas P., Ray; Stute, Martin (2009). Protostellar Jets in Context. Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings. 13. Springer. p. 276. Bibcode:2009ASSP...13.....T. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-00576-3. ISBN 9783642005763. Retrieved 2013-01-11.
  3. ^ "Fanaroff-Riley Classification". NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED). Caltech. Retrieved 11 January 2013.