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From 1928 to 1933 Fang conducted guerrilla operations, enacted land reforms, established a base area in the border area of Jiangxi and Fujian provinces, and organized a section of the Chinese Red Army.
He was later elected a member of the Central Committee during the Sixth Session of the Fifth Party Congress. Fang was captured by the Kuomintang in January 1935 and executed on August 6, 1935.
| Chairman of the Northeastern Jiangxi Soviet
Office abolished; merged into Fujian-Zhejiang-Jiangxi Soviet
Himself as Chairman of Northeastern Jiangxi Soviet
| Chairman of the Fujian-Zhejiang-Jiangxi Soviet
Office abolished, dissolution of Soviet