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防城港市Fangzcwngzgangj Si
Prefecture-level city
亲水湾小区看防城区 - panoramio (5).jpg
Location of Fangchenggang City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Location of Fangchenggang City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Fangchenggang is located in China
Location in China
Coordinates: 21°36′N 108°18′E / 21.600°N 108.300°E / 21.600; 108.300
Country People's Republic of China
Region Guangxi
 • Total 6,181 km2 (2,386 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 717,966
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code 538000
Area code(s) 0770
ISO 3166 code CN-GX-06

Fángchénggǎng (Chinese: ; Vietnamese: Phòng Thành Cảng), formerly Fangcheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County (1978.12.25~1993.05.23), is a prefecture-level city in the south of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China.[1]

Geography and climate[edit]

Fangchenggang a coastal city is in southern Guangxi, bordering Vietnam. Its area is 6,181 km2 (2,386 sq mi), 120 km2 (46 sq mi) of that urban.


Fangchenggang has 2 urban districts, 1 county, 1 county-level city, 19 townships, 13 towns, 283 villages, and 19 sub-districts.


County-level city:




Fangchenggang has a total population of 717,966. Ethnic groups and their corresponding numbers are Han 390,286 or 54.36%, Zhuang 287,207 or 40% Yao 26,749 or 3.73%, Jing 12,288 or 1.71% and all other minorities combined 1,436 or 0.02%. Population density is 116 people per km² and population growth is 7.75% annually.


Fanchenggang, the last part of which "gang" means port is as its name implies an important port for Guangxi, and other than Beihai the only major Chinese port on the Tonkin Gulf.

Besides port related industries there is substantial tourism, commercial fishing, hydropower, food and beverage production, and agriculture. Agricultural products include rice, corn, peanuts, oranges, and sugarcane. Hydropower produces more than 78,000 kilowatts per year. Other natural resources are coal, limestone, and spring water. The first phase of Fangchenggang Nuclear Power Plant, a nuclear power plant project is under construction here.

Fangchenggang is served by a railway branch from Qinzhou. Since the end of 2013, the city's Fangchenggang North Railway Station has high-speed (D-series) train service from Nanning. Initially, the service is limited to one train a day.[2]

Flora and fauna[edit]

Like much of Guangxi, there are many forested mountains and stream filled valleys. The area along the border with Vietnam is relatively undeveloped and draws considerable tourism. Fangchenggang's forests contain more than 500 types of plants, more than 4000 medicinal plants and herbs, 25 species of mammals, and many species of insects, reptiles, amphibians, and birds. Many nationally protected animals can still be found in Fangchenggang such as gibbons, frogs, butterflies, and tortoises. In the ocean waters, whales, dolphins, and dugongs can be seen.


  1. ^ "China's Fangchenggang: natural beauty and port economy". 9 June 2013. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  2. ^ Fangchenggang North train schedule

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 21°36′N 108°18′E / 21.6°N 108.3°E / 21.6; 108.3