Fangliao

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Coordinates: 22°21′56.2″N 120°35′36.9″E / 22.365611°N 120.593583°E / 22.365611; 120.593583

Fangliao Township
Traditional Chinese 枋寮鄉
Literal meaning sandalwood hut township
Hanyu Pinyin Fāngliáo Xiāng
Wade–Giles Fang1-liao23 Hsiang1
Pha̍k-fa-sṳ Piông-liàu-hiông
Hokkien POJ Pang-liâu-hiong
Fangliao Township in Pingtung County
Fangliao Township

Fangliao Township[1] is a rural township in Pingtung County, Taiwan.

History[edit]

In 1867, the village of Pangliau was located at the shore of a bay. American consul Charles Le Gendre, reporting on his 1867 visit to southern Formosa (see Formosa Expedition), wrote: "The products are rice and peanuts. Women pound the rice and till the fields, while the men are entirely taken up with fishing." The high mountains to the east were the "exclusive domain of the savage aborigines, who receive from the Chinese (or half-caste) population a certain share of their crops".[2]

In 1875, Imperial commissioner Shen Baozhen, who had been charged with making arrangements to prevent the Japanese from occupying Chinese districts, began introducing reforms in government. Pangliau was incorporated into Hengchun District, which was created from the portion of Fongshan District south of a river slightly north of Pangliau.[3]

Pangliau, 25 miles (40 km) south of Takow (Kaohsiung), was the site where Japanese forces landed and completed the encirclement of Tainan during the 1895 Japanese invasion of Taiwan.

Geography[edit]

  • Area: 57.73 square kilometres (22.29 sq mi)
  • Population: 25,482 (December 2014)

Climate[edit]

Fangliao has a tropical savanna climate, with warm to hot weather year round, precipitation mainly occur during the wet season from May to September, typical of the rest of the Pingtung Plain.

Climate data for Fangliao Township
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.6
(76.3)
25.7
(78.3)
27.6
(81.7)
29.7
(85.5)
31.2
(88.2)
31.7
(89.1)
32.2
(90)
31.9
(89.4)
31.3
(88.3)
30.0
(86)
27.9
(82.2)
25.3
(77.5)
29.09
(84.38)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
21.0
(69.8)
23.1
(73.6)
25.5
(77.9)
27.4
(81.3)
28.4
(83.1)
28.8
(83.8)
28.5
(83.3)
27.8
(82)
26.5
(79.7)
24.2
(75.6)
21.2
(70.2)
25.22
(77.39)
Average low °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
17.5
(63.5)
19.7
(67.5)
22.6
(72.7)
24.7
(76.5)
25.9
(78.6)
26.3
(79.3)
26.0
(78.8)
25.4
(77.7)
23.9
(75)
21.6
(70.9)
17.9
(64.2)
22.36
(72.24)
Source: Central Weather Bureau [4]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The township comprises 15 villages: Anle, Baosheng, Dazhuang, Deli, Fangliao, Longshan, Neiliao, Renhe, Taiyuan, Tianshi, Tunghai, Xinkai, Xinlong, Yuquan and Zhongliao.

Transportation[edit]

The township is served by Fangliao Station and Donghai Station of the Taiwan Railway Administration.

Popular culture[edit]

It was also the location for the filming of the second season of the American show Wipeout.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 臺灣地區鄉鎮市區級以上行政區域名稱中英對照表 Glossary of Names for Administrative Divisions. (Chinese) Accessed at Taiwan Geographic Names Information System website (English). Ministry of the Interior. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  2. ^ Davidson (1903), p. 118.
  3. ^ Davidson (1903), p. 209.
  4. ^ "Climate". Central Weather Bureau. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]