Fannin County, Texas

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Fannin County
Fannin County Courthouse in Bonham in 2020
Fannin County Courthouse in Bonham in 2020
Map of Texas highlighting Fannin County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°35′N 96°07′W / 33.59°N 96.11°W / 33.59; -96.11
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1838
Named forJames Fannin
SeatBonham
Largest cityBonham
Area
 • Total899 sq mi (2,330 km2)
 • Land891 sq mi (2,310 km2)
 • Water8.0 sq mi (21 km2)  0.9%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total35,662
 • Density40/sq mi (15/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitewww.co.fannin.tx.us

Fannin County is a county in the far northeast of the U.S. state of Texas, on the border with Oklahoma. As of the 2020 census, its population was 35,662.[1] The county seat is Bonham.[2]

The county was named for James Fannin,[3] who commanded the group of Texans killed in the Goliad Massacre during the Texas Revolution. James Bonham (the county seat's namesake) sought Fannin's assistance for the Battle of the Alamo, but Fannin was unable to provide it.

The county was created in 1837 and organized the next year.[4][5] Fannin County is a part of the Texoma region.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 899 square miles (2,330 km2), of which 891 square miles (2,310 km2) are land and 8.0 square miles (21 km2) (0.9%) are covered by water.[6] It is drained by Bois D'Arc Creek and Sulphur River.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18503,788
18609,217143.3%
187013,20743.3%
188025,50193.1%
189038,70951.8%
190051,79333.8%
191044,801−13.5%
192048,1867.6%
193041,163−14.6%
194041,064−0.2%
195031,253−23.9%
196023,880−23.6%
197022,705−4.9%
198024,2857.0%
199024,8042.1%
200031,24226.0%
201033,9158.6%
202035,6625.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1850–2010[9] 2010–2014[10]
County Information Program[11]
Fannin County, Texas demographic profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[12] Pop 2020[13] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 27,433 27,042 80.89% 75.83%
Black or African American alone (NH) 2,273 2,199 6.70% 6.17%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 294 309 0.87% 0.87%
Asian alone (NH) 122 145 0.36% 0.41%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 6 20 0.02% 0.06%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 23 112 0.07% 0.31%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 538 1,617 1.59% 4.53%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 3,226 4,218 9.51% 11.83%
Total 33,915 35,662 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

As of the census[14] of 2000, 31,242 people, 11,105 households, and 7,984 were families residing in the county. The population density was 35 people per square mile (14/km2). The 12,887 housing units averaged 14 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.56% White, 7.96% African American, 0.92% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 2.81% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. About 5.61% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of 2015, the largest self-reported ancestry groups were 48.50% English, 16.10% Welsh, 11.00% German, and 7.25% Irish.

Of the 11,105 households, 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were not families. About 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51, and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was distributed as 23.20% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 113.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,501, and for a family was $42,193. Males had a median income of $31,140 versus $23,101 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,066. About 9.90% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.70% of those under age 18 and 16.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Once a Democratic stronghold for decades, Fannin County has shifted heavily toward the Republican Party since the 1990s. As a sign of this trend, Republican candidates for President have won an ever-increasing share of the vote in each of the seven presidential elections, starting in 1996.

United States presidential election results for Fannin County, Texas[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 12,171 81.10% 2,655 17.69% 181 1.21%
2016 9,548 79.28% 2,132 17.70% 364 3.02%
2012 8,161 75.54% 2,486 23.01% 157 1.45%
2008 8,092 69.20% 3,464 29.62% 138 1.18%
2004 7,893 65.99% 4,001 33.45% 66 0.55%
2000 6,074 58.74% 4,102 39.67% 164 1.59%
1996 3,495 39.73% 4,276 48.61% 1,025 11.65%
1992 2,510 26.11% 4,164 43.31% 2,941 30.59%
1988 4,024 43.67% 5,163 56.03% 27 0.29%
1984 4,692 51.53% 4,399 48.31% 15 0.16%
1980 3,196 37.12% 5,284 61.36% 131 1.52%
1976 2,102 26.32% 5,845 73.20% 38 0.48%
1972 3,826 61.90% 2,295 37.13% 60 0.97%
1968 1,585 22.08% 3,931 54.77% 1,661 23.14%
1964 1,219 16.93% 5,976 83.00% 5 0.07%
1960 1,844 30.04% 4,282 69.76% 12 0.20%
1956 1,910 29.75% 4,504 70.16% 6 0.09%
1952 2,099 28.12% 5,363 71.84% 3 0.04%
1948 553 7.83% 6,132 86.79% 380 5.38%
1944 677 9.45% 5,984 83.54% 502 7.01%
1940 792 9.57% 7,478 90.36% 6 0.07%
1936 368 6.55% 5,242 93.32% 7 0.12%
1932 460 7.91% 5,338 91.80% 17 0.29%
1928 2,122 45.62% 2,525 54.29% 4 0.09%
1924 653 10.11% 5,596 86.60% 213 3.30%
1920 1,103 21.29% 3,461 66.79% 618 11.93%
1916 471 11.19% 3,493 82.99% 245 5.82%
1912 227 7.25% 2,661 85.04% 241 7.70%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fannin County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 123.
  4. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Archived from the original on April 12, 2017. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  5. ^ "Fannin County". Texas Almanac. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  7. ^ Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "II. A N. E. county of Texas" . The American Cyclopædia.
  8. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  9. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  10. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 24, 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
  11. ^ "Fannin County Profile". Retrieved November 18, 2019.
  12. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Fannin County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  13. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Fannin County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ "Texas Cities and Towns Sorted by County". www.county.org. Retrieved December 26, 2016.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved January 22, 2021.

External links[edit]

Media related to Fannin County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 33°35′N 96°07′W / 33.59°N 96.11°W / 33.59; -96.11