IMAX theatrical release poster
|Written by||See Credits|
|Music by||See Program|
|Distributed by||Walt Disney Pictures|
|Box office||$90.9 million|
Fantasia 2000 is a 1999 American animated film created by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures. Produced by Roy E. Disney and Donald W. Ernst, it is the 38th feature in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series and sequel to Fantasia (1940). Like its predecessor, Fantasia 2000 consists of animated segments set to pieces of classical music. A group of celebrities introduce each segment in live action scenes directed by Don Hahn, including Steve Martin, Itzhak Perlman, Quincy Jones, Bette Midler, James Earl Jones, Penn & Teller, and Angela Lansbury.
After numerous unsuccessful attempts to develop a Fantasia sequel, Disney revived the idea shortly after Michael Eisner became chief executive officer of the Walt Disney Company in 1984. The commercial success of the 1991 home video release of Fantasia convinced Eisner that there was enough public interest and funds for a sequel and assigned Disney as executive producer. The music to six of the film's eight segments is performed by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra with conductor James Levine. The film includes The Sorcerer's Apprentice from the original. Each new segment was produced by combining traditional animation with computer generated imagery.
Fantasia 2000 premiered on December 17, 1999 at Carnegie Hall in New York City as part of a concert tour that also visited London, Paris, Tokyo, and Pasadena, California. The film was released in 75 IMAX theaters worldwide from January 1 to April 30, 2000, marking the first animated feature length film released in the format. Its general release in traditional theaters followed on June 16, 2000. Some critics praised the film while others singled out its uneven quality. Budgeted at approximately $80 million, the film has earned $90.8 million in gross revenue worldwide.
The film begins with the sound of an orchestra tuning and Deems Taylor's introduction from Fantasia. Panels showing various segments from Fantasia fly in outer space and form the set and stage for an orchestra. Musicians take their seats and tune up and animators draw at their desks before James Levine approaches the conductor's podium and signals the beginning of the first piece.
- Symphony No. 5 by Ludwig van Beethoven. Abstract patterns and shapes that resemble butterflies in various colorful shades, tints, hues and bats in black explore a world of light and darkness which is ultimately conquered by light.
- Pines of Rome by Ottorino Respighi. A family of humpback whales are able to fly due to a supernova. The calf is separated from his parents when he becomes trapped in an iceberg, but finds his way out with his mother's help. The family join a pod of whales who fly through the clouds and emerge from the sea in a new world. Introduced by Steve Martin and Itzhak Perlman.
- Rhapsody in Blue by George Gershwin. Set in New York City in the 1930s and designed in the style of Al Hirschfeld's known caricatures of the time, the story follows Duke, Joe, Rachel, and Alex who wish for a better life. The segment ends with all four getting their wish, though their stories interact with each others without either of them knowing. Introduced by Quincy Jones with pianist Ralph Grierson.
- Piano Concerto No. 2, Allegro, Opus 102 by Dmitri Shostakovich. Based on the fairy tale "The Steadfast Tin Soldier" by Hans Christian Andersen, a broken toy soldier with one leg falls in love with a toy ballerina and protects her from an evil jack-in-the-box. Unlike the original story, this version has a happy ending. Introduced by Bette Middler featuring pianist Yefim Bronfman.
- The Carnival of the Animals, Finale by Camille Saint-Saëns. A flock of flamingoes tries to force a slapstick member, who enjoys playing with a yo-yo, to engage in the flock's "dull" routines. Introduced by James Earl Jones with animator Eric Goldberg.
- The Sorcerer's Apprentice by Paul Dukas. Based on the poem "Der Zauberlehrling" by Goethe, the segment is the only one featured in Fantasia and Fantasia 2000. It tells the story of Mickey Mouse, an apprentice of sorcerer Yen Sid who attempts some of his master's magic tricks before knowing how to control them. Introduced by Penn & Teller.
- Pomp and Circumstance – Marches 1, 2, 3 and 4 by Edward Elgar. Based on the story of Noah's Ark from the Book of Genesis, Donald Duck is Noah's assistant and Daisy Duck is Donald's wife. Donald is given the task of gathering the animals to the Ark and misses, loses, and reunites with Daisy in the process. Introduced by James Levine featuring Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck.
- Firebird Suite—1919 Version by Igor Stravinsky. A Spring Sprite is awoken by her companion, an elk, and accidentally awakes the Firebird, a fiery spirit of destruction in a nearby volcano who destroys the forest and seemingly the Sprite. The Sprite survives and the elk encourages her to restore the forest to its normal state. Introduced by Angela Lansbury.
In 1940, Walt Disney released Fantasia, his third animated feature film, consisting of eight animated segments set to pieces of classical music. Initially he planned to have the film on continual release with new segments replacing older ones so audiences would never see the same film twice. The idea was cancelled following the film's initial low box office receipts and its mixed response from critics. Following preliminary work on new segments, the idea was shelved by 1942 and was not revisited for the remainder of Walt's life. In 1980, animators Wolfgang Reitherman and Mel Shaw started preliminary work on Musicana, a feature film "mixing jazz, classical music, myths, modern art ... following the old Fantasia format" that was to present "ethnic tales from around the world with the music of the various countries". The project was cancelled in favor of Mickey's Christmas Carol (1983).
The idea of a Fantasia sequel was revived shortly after Michael Eisner became chief executive officer of the Walt Disney Company in 1984 when Walt's nephew, vice chairman Roy E. Disney, suggested it to Eisner at a lunch, something that first entered his mind ten years earlier. Disney recalled his reaction, "It was as if a big light bulb went on over his head. The idea was enticing, but we didn't have the resources to carry it out". Walt Disney Studios chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg showed a lack of interest in the film. He had once asked André Previn to work on a Fantasia film but Previn declined after he learned it was to feature songs by the Beatles rather than classical music. Eisner approached Leonard Bernstein with the same idea and seemed enthusiastic, but Bernstein died before production began. It took a further seven years before the film was considered, after the 1990 reissue of Fantasia grossed $25 million domestically and its 1991 home video release prompted 9.25 million pre-orders. Disney saw its commercial success as a sign that there was enough public interest in the Fantasia franchise to make a sequel. Eisner finally gave the green-light to the film in 1991 when agreed to have Disney serve as executive producer on the basis that its production was funded by the proceeds from its video sales. Disney assigned Donald W. Ernst as producer and Hendel Butoy as supervisory director after liking his work for The Rescuers Down Under (1990).
During the search for a suitable conductor, Disney and Walt Disney Feature Animation president Thomas Schumacher invited Metropolitan Opera conductor James Levine and manager Peter Gelb to a meeting in September 1991. Disney recalled, "I asked James what his thought was on a three minute version of Beethoven's fifth symphony. He paused and went 'I think the right three minutes would be beautiful'". In November 1992, Disney, Schumacher, Levine, Gelb, and Butoy met in Vienna to discuss a collection of story reels developed, one of them being Pines of Rome, which Levine took an immediate liking to. Butoy described Levine's enthusiasm to the film as "like a kid in a candy store". Because Katzenberg continued to express some hostility towards the film, Disney reported directly to Eisner, something that author James B. Stewart wrote "would have been unthinkable on any other future animation project".
Production began under the working title of Fantasia Continued with a release for 1997. The title changed to Fantasia 1999 followed by Fantasia 2000 to coincide its theatrical release in 2000. Disney formed its initial running order with half of the Fantasia program and only "three or four new numbers", with the aim of releasing a "semi-new movie". Realizing the idea would not work, he kept three Fantasia segments—The Sorcerer's Apprentice, The Nutcracker Suite, and Dance of the Hours—in the program for "quite a while". In the end, Dance of the Hours was dropped and The Nutcracker Suite was replaced by Rhapsody in Blue within the last few months of production following the response from numerous test screenings. Disney kept The Sorcerer's Apprentice in the final program as a homage to Fantasia. The segment underwent digital restoration by Cinesite in Los Angeles. Disney considered to use Clair de Lune, a piece originally made for Fantasia that followed two herons flying in the Everglades at night, but thought it was "pretty boring".
Symphony No. 5 is an abstract segment created by Pixote Hunt with story development by Kelvin Yasuda. In December 1997, after rejecting pitches from four other animators, Disney and Ernst asked Hunt for his ideas for the segment; they decided to proceed with Hunt's. Hunt first thought of the story on a morning walk in Pasadena, California, one depicting a battle of "good" multi-colored shapes against "evil" dark ones and how the conflict resolves itself. He did not wish to produce an entirely abstract work because "you can get something abstract on every computer screen" so easily. Hunt divided the segment into 31 scenes, noting down points where to use color when the music was bright and switch to darker textures when the music felt dark. To gain inspiration in how the shapes would move, Hunt and his associates visited San Diego Zoo, a butterfly farm, and observed slow motion footage of bats. The segment combines hand drawn backgrounds using pastels and paint that were scanned into the Computer Animation Production System (CAPS) system and then combined with computer generated imagery (CGI) of abstract shapes and effects placed on top. Hunt explained that scanning each drawing "was a one-shot deal" as the platen that pressed onto it would alter the pastel once it had been scanned. At one point during production, Hunt and Yasuda completed 68 pastel drawings in eight days. The segment was produced using the Houdini animation software.
Pines of Rome was the first piece Disney suggested for the film and the first to be animated; designs appeared in the studio's dailies as early as October 1993. Butoy served as director with James Fujii handling the story. The opening to the piece gave Disney the idea of "something flying". Butoy sketched the sequence on yellow Post-it notes. The story originally involved the whales flying around from the perspective of a group of penguins, but the idea was scrapped to make the baby whale a central character. The whales were also set to return to Earth but Butoy said it "never felt quite right", leading to the decision to have them break through a cloud ceiling and enter a different world by the supernova. Butoy created a "musical intensity chart" for the animators to follow which "tracked the ups and downs of the music ... as the music brightens so does the color", and vice versa. He explained that because CGI was at its infancy during development, the first third of the segment was hand drawn using pencil to gain a feel on how the whales would move. When the drawings were scanned into the CAPS system, Butoy found the whales were either moving too fast or had less weight to them. The drawings were altered to make them slow down and "more believable". The eyes on the whales were drawn by hand as the desired expressions from them were not fully achievable using CGI. Butoy recalled the challenge of having the water appear and move as naturally as possible; the team decided to write computer code from scratch as traditional animation would have been too consuming and would have produced undesired results. The code handling the pod of whales was written so the whales would move away if they were to collide and not bump into, overlap, or go through each other. The same technique was used for the stampede scene in The Lion King (1994) which was produced at the same time.
Rhapsody in Blue, the first Fantasia segment with music from an American composer, was already in production when Disney requested to include it in the film. It originated in 1992 when director and animator Eric Goldberg approached Hirschfeld about the idea of an animated short set to Gershwin's composition in the style of his illustrations. Hirschfeld agreed to serve as artistic consultant and allowed the animators to use and adapt his previous works for the segment. Goldberg's wife Susan was art director. Duke is named after jazz artist Duke Ellington. The bottom of his toothpaste tube reads "NINA", referencing what Hirschfeld did in hiding it in his illustrations following the birth of his daughter Nina. Rachel was designed after the Goldberg's daughter and Alex is based on animation historian and author John Culhane and Hirschfeld's caricature of Alexander Woollcott. Goldberg took Hirschfeld's original illustration of Gershwin and animated it to make him play the piano. Featured in the crowd emerging from the hotel are depictions of Brooks Atkinson and Hirschfeld and his wife Dolly Haas. The segment was completed two months ahead of schedule.
Piano Concerto No. 2 originated in the 1930s when Walt Disney wished to adapt a collection of Andersen fairy tales into an animated film. Preliminary designs by Bianca Majolie in 1938 depicted a story with the original sad ending. The segment marked the first time the Disney studio created a film's main characters entirely from CGI. Initially the rats appeared more friendly and performed numerous comical gags, but the team found its mood was a mismatch to the rest of the segment. The section was re-written to make it a more scary environment, something that Butoy said "was what the music told us to do".
The Carnival of the Animals was directed by Goldberg. The idea originated from animator Joe Grant, one of the two story directors on Fantasia who loved the ostriches in Dance of the Hours. When development for Fantasia 2000 began, Grant suggested the idea of having one of the ostriches play with a yo-yo to the last movement of The Carnival of the Animals. The ostriches were later changed to flamingoes as Disney wished to avoid reintroducing characters from the original film and thought flamingoes would look more colorful on the screen. Goldberg got his research from his former co-directing partner Mike Gabriel who would play with a yo-yo as he took a break from working on Pocahontas (1995). The segment was produced with CGI and watercolor paintings on heavy bond paper.
Eisner suggested Pomp and Circumstance as a piece after he attended a graduation and thought its familiarity would be suitable for a Fantasia segment. His idea involved a selection of Disney Villains and heroes in a wedding procession and carrying their future children who would then be presented in a ceremony. Preliminary designs from animators depicted a Greco-Roman setting; one of the staff members described the artwork as "an appalling abuse" of the characters. Eisner agreed to drop the story, but insisted to have the music used. After numerous ideas were scrapped due to the difficulty in writing a clear plot, animator and director Francis Glebas thought of the Noah's Ark idea that was originally titled Donald's Last Roundup! and pitched it thinking it was "laden with comic possibilities".
For the film's closing segment, Disney wished for a piece that was "emotionally equivalent" to the Night on Bald Mountain and Ave Maria segments that closed Fantasia. Disney chose the The Firebird as the piece to use after "half a dozen" others were scrapped, including Symphony No. 9 by Beethoven and the "Hallelujah Chorus" from Messiah by Handel. Disney thought of the idea of the Earth's destruction and renewal after passing Mount St. Helens following its eruption in 1980. The Sprite is a Dryad-like creature from Greek mythology. The antlers on the elk were produced with CGI and placed on top of its body that was drawn traditionally. The segment was produced using the Houdini animation software.
The music to The Sorcerer's Apprentice was recorded on January 9, 1938 at Culver Studios, California with Stokowski conducting a group of session musicians. The recording of Rhapsody in Blue used in the film is an edited version of Ferde Grofé's orchestration of the piece performed by the Philharmonia Orchestra with conductor Bruce Broughton. The reduction was made by cutting 125 bars of piano solo in three different places. A recording of Levine conducting the piece with the Philharmonia appears on the film's soundtrack. Pianist Ralph Grierson is featured on the Broughton and Levine recordings.
The remaining six pieces were recorded at the Medinah Temple in Chicago, performed by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and conducted by Levine. Pines of Rome was re-arranged in 1993 by Bruce Coughlin who reduced the four-movement piece by cutting its third. The piece was recorded on March 28, 1994. The second recording involved Symphony No. 5, Carnival of the Animals, and Pomp and Circumstance, on April 25, 1994. Carnival of the Animals, Finale uses two pianos played by Gail Niwa and Philip Sabransky. Pomp and Circumstance was arranged by Peter Schickele and features the Chicago Symphony Chorus and a soprano by Kathleen Battle. The next recording took place on April 24, 1995 for Piano Concerto No. 2 with pianist Yefim Bronfman. On September 28, 1996, The Firebird was the final piece to be recorded; its session lasted for three hours. The piece was arranged using four sections from Stravinsky's 1919 revision of the score.
Disney felt the need to keep interstitials as used in Fantasia to give the viewer a chance to "cleanse their emotional palate" from the previous segment while providing some information about the next one. Don Hahn directed the live action scenes which were designed by Pixote Hunt. Hahn came up with the set and backgrounds while eating lunch; he proceeded to sketch a rough idea of what he imagined on a napkin. He "wanted to show images on shapes like big sails of a clipper ship. They fly in on the wind and form a sort of Stonehenge concert hall in the middle of a vast, empty, imaginary plain".
Hahn recalled some difficulty in finding someone to host the film, so the studio decided to use a group of artists and musicians from various fields of entertainment. The interstitials were filmed in various locations; the orchestra, Jones, Lansbury, and Bronfman were shot in Los Angeles, Perlman and Middler in New York City, and others in Boston, Massachusetts. Each scene was filmed in front of a green screen to allow the shots of the orchestra or set to be placed behind them. The shots of Levine, the artists, and the orchestra were filmed on October 31, 1998. The piano Grierson plays in his scene with Jones is the same one he played Rhapsody in Blue on for the soundtrack.
Fantasia 2000 was officially announced on February 9, 1999 at a conference held by Disney in New York City where The Carnival of the Animals was screened for the first time. The film premiered at Carnegie Hall in New York City on December 17, 1999 for three nights as part of a five city concert tour. The animation was presented on a screen above the stage while Levine conducted the Philharmonia Orchestra with a video auto-cue to time the music to the images. Performances followed at the Royal Albert Hall in London on December 21; the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris on December 22; the Orchard Hall in Tokyo on December 27; and the Pasadena Civic Auditorium in Pasadena, California on December 31, where Derrick Inouye conducted as part of a $2,000-per-head New Year's Eve event. Each of the seven performances cost over $1 million.
Fantasia 2000 first opened to IMAX theatres for a four-month run from January 1 to April 30, 2000, becoming the first animated feature-length film shown in the format. The film was screened with a six-channel digital sound. A temporary theatre costing almost $4 million was built for its Los Angeles run as Disney was unable to reach an agreement to exclusively show the film at the city's sole IMAX theatre at the California Science Center. After opening at 75 theaters worldwide, the film grossed over $2.2 million in 54 cinemas in North America in its opening weekend, averaging $41,481 per theater. It set new records for the highest gross for any IMAX engagement and surpassed the highest weekly total for any IMAX film previously released. Its three-day worldwide gross surpassed $3.8 million, setting further records at 18 venues worldwide. Fantasia 2000 grossed a worldwide total of over $21 million in 30 days, and $64.5 million at the end of its IMAX run.
Following its release in 1,313 regular theatres in the United States on June 16, 2000, the film grossed an additional $2.8 million in its opening weekend that ranked eleventh at the box office. Fantasia 2000 has earned a total worldwide gross of over $90.8 million since its release. The film had cost around $90 million; approximately two-thirds of the amount was earned in the United States. Eisner viewed the film as Roy Disney's "folly".
|Soundtrack album by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and the Philharmonia Orchestra|
|Released||November 30, 1999|
|Producer||Jay David Saks|
|Walt Disney Animation Studios chronology|
Walt Disney Records released 60,000 copies of a limited edition of film's soundtrack on November 30, 1999 in the United States and internationally under the Sony Classical label. With a running time of 60 minutes, the album features Levine conducting the Philharmonia Orchestra on Rhapsody in Blue and The Sorcerer's Apprentice at AIR Studios in London and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra for the remaining six tracks using the recordings from the Medinah Temple. The soundtrack went on to reach the number one spot on the Billboard Top Classical Albums chart in July 2000. A Fantasia 2000 Deluxe Read-Along cassette and CD followed which contains two tracks telling the stories of Pomp and Circumstance and The Sorcerer's Apprentice, with narration by Pat Carroll. Included in the set is a 44-page book containing some of the film's artwork.
|1.||"Symphony No. 5"||2:51|
|2.||"Pines of Rome"||10:18|
|3.||"Rhapsody in Blue"||12:32|
|4.||"Piano Concerto No. 2, Allegro, Opus 102"||7:22|
|5.||"Carnival of the Animals (Le Carnaval des Animaux), Finale"||1:54|
|6.||"The Sorcerer's Apprentice"||9:33|
|7.||"Pomp and Circumstance, Marches #1, 2, 3, & 4"||6:18|
|8.||"Firebird Suite—1919 Version"||9:11|
Fantasia 2000 was first released on VHS and DVD on November 14, 2000, with both featuring a specially made introduction in which Roy gives a history of key Disney productions and what innovations they brought. While it was available as a single-disc DVD, a three-disc set titled The Fantasia Anthology was released that included a digital copy of the film, a restored print of Fantasia to commemorate its 60th anniversary, and a third disc containing bonus features. On November 30, 2010, the film was issued for DVD and Blu-ray in a single and two-disc set with Fantasia and a four-disc DVD and Blu-ray combo pack. The Blu-ray transfer presents the film in 1080p high-definition video with 7.1 surround sound and DTS-HD Master Audio. The film has been withdrawn from release after its return to the "Disney Vault" moratorium on April 30, 2011. In January 2015, the film became available on Netflix.
Fantasia 2000 holds a "Certified Fresh" rating of 82% on Rotten Tomatoes. Its consensus reads: "It provides an entertaining experience for adults and children alike". On Metacritic, the film has a metascore of 59/100.
In his December 1999 review for the Chicago Sun-Times, Roger Ebert gave the film a rating of three stars out of four. He described some of the animation, such as Firebird Suite, his favorite segment, as "powerful" though others, like the dance of the abstract triangles in Symphony No. 5, "a little pedestrian". He admired Rhapsody in Blue and its interlocking stories, pointing out its style reminiscent of the Madeline picture books by Ludwig Bemelmans. He thought Pines of Rome presented itself well in the IMAX format and found the Piano Concerto No. 2 played "wonderfully as a self-contained film". He found The Sorcerer's Apprentice to be "not as visually sharp as the rest of the film". He nonetheless described the film on the whole as "splendid entertainment".
Film critic Stephen Holden of The New York Times wrote that the film "often has the feel of a giant corporate promotion whose stars are there simply to hawk the company's wares" while noting the film "is not especially innovative in its look or subject matter." Firebird Suite was his favorite segment which left "a lasting impression of the beauty, terror, and unpredictability of the natural world". He found The Sorcerer's Apprentice fit well with the rest of the film and the battle in Symphony No. 5 too abbreviated to amount to much. He found the segment with the whales to fail in that the images "quickly become redundant". He found Rhapsody in Blue to be the second-best in the film with its witty, hyper kinetic evocation of the melting pot with sharply defined characters. He found the segment with the flamingos cute and the one with the tin soldier to be romantic.
James Berardinelli found the film to be of uneven quality. He found Symphony No. 5 was "dull and uninspired", the yo-yoing flamingos "wasteful", and the New York City-based story of Rhapsody in Blue interesting but out of place in this particular movie. He found the story of the tin soldier to successfully mix its music with "top-notch animation" and "an emotionally rewarding story". He found the Firebird section to be "visually ingenious". He found Pomp and Circumstance the most light-hearted episode and the one with the most appeal to children, in an otherwise adult-oriented film. The Sorcerer's Apprentice to him was an enduring classic.
Disney author James B. Stewart wrote Rhapsody in Blue and the Firebird Suite attracted the most positive reception and Pomp and Circumstance the least. He points out the film lacked a consistent degree of quality.
|28th Annie Awards||Outstanding Achievement in An Animated Theatrical Feature||Walt Disney Pictures||Nominated|
|Outstanding Individual Achievement for Character Animation||Eric Goldberg||Won|
|Outstanding Individual Achievement for Production Design In an Animated Feature Production||Susan McKinsey Goldberg||Won|
|Outstanding Individual Achievement for Production Design In an Animated Feature Production||Paul Brizzi, Gaetan Brizzi and Carl Jones||Nominated|
|Individual Achievement in Storyboarding||Ted C. Kierscey||Won|
|43rd Grammy Awards||Compilation Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture, Television or other Visual Media||James Levine and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra||Nominated|
|12th PGA Golden Laurel Awards||Vision Award for Theatrical Motion Pictures||Won|
|1st Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards||Best Animated Film||Nominated|
|Best Family Film||Nominated|
- "Fantasia 2000 (35mm & IMAX)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
- Holden 2001, pp. 212–213.
- "Fantasia/2000". RogerEbert.com. December 31, 1999. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
- Solomon, Charles (August 26, 1990). "Fantastic 'Fantasia'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
- Warga, Wayne (October 26, 1980). "Disney Films: Chasing the Changing Times". Los Angeles Times.
- Solomon 1995
- Taylor, Cathy (October 22, 1994). "Disney Waves Magic Wand And Sequel Comes To Life After 54 Years". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
- Brennan, Judyr (August 19, 1997). "Coming, Sooner or Later". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 6, 2011.
- Culhane 1999, p. 10.
- Stewart 2006, p. 106.
- Previn 1991
- Stewart 2006, p. 288.
- "Fantasia (Re-issue) (1990)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
- Christiansen, Richard (October 31, 1991). "'Fantasia' A Hit With Video Audience". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
- Culhane 1999, p. 11.
- Culhane 1999, p. 12.
- Culhane 1999, p. 8.
- Culhane 1999, p. 176.
- Bonus Material: The Making of Fantasia 2000 at 30:42–30:53
- Ebert, Roger (December 29, 1999). "Walt's nephew leads new Disney 'Fantasia'". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
- Bonus Material: The Making of Fantasia 2000 at 30:55–31:05
- Kaufman, J.B. (October 1999). "A New Life for Fantasia". Animation World Magazine, Issue 4.7. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
- Bonus Material: The Making of Fantasia 2000 at 32:35–32:49
- Robertson, Barbara (January 2000). "Fantasia 2000". Computer Graphics World 23. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
- Culhane 1999, pp. 22–23.
- Supplemental Features: Symphony No. 5: Creating Symphony No. 5 at 00:32–00:44
- Culhane 1999, p. 24.
- Culhane 1999, p. 29.
- Supplemental Features: Symphony No. 5: Creating Symphony No. 5 at 01:14–01:24
- Supplemental Features: Symphony No. 5: Creating Symphony No. 5 at xx:xx–xx:xx
- Culhane 1999, p. 35.
- Culhane 1999, p. 13.
- Culhane 1999, p. 39.
- Supplemental Features: Creating Pines of Rome at 2:52–3:49
- Segment Directors Audio Commentary at 9:51–10:17
- Segment Directors Audio Commentary at 10:32–11:59
- Supplemental Features: Creating Pines of Rome at 2:30–2:51
- Segment Directors Audio Commentary at 12:27–13:30
- Segment Directors Audio Commentary at 14:56–15:19
- Culhane 1999, p. 58.
- Segment Directors Audio Commentary at 17:52–17:59
- Segment Directors Audio Commentary at 17:59–18:36
- Solomon, Charles (December 1999). "Rhapsody in Blue: Fantasia 2000's Jewel in the Crown". Animation World Magazine. Retrieved March 25, 2013.
- Segment Directors Audio Commentary at 25:08–25:39
- Supplemental Features: Rhapsody in Blue: Inspirations from Hirschfeld
- Supplemental Features: 1938 Storyboards by Bianca Majolie
- Supplemental Features: Creating Piano Concerto No. 2 at xx:xx–xx:xx
- Bonus Material: The Making of Fantasia 2000 at 28:28–29:24
- Supplemental Features: Creating "Carnival of the Animals (Le Carnival des Animaux) Finale at xx:xx–xx:xx
- Noxon, Christopher (December 30, 1999). "The 'Sorcerer's' Apprentices". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 6, 2011.
- Bonus Material: The Making of Fantasia 2000 at 32:50–33:06
- Stewart 2006, p. 289.
- Bonus Material: The Making of Fantasia 2000 at 33:33–33:48
- Bonus Material: The Making of Fantasia 2000 at 00:55–01:19
- Supplemental Features: Pomp and Circumstance: Creating Pomp and Circumstance at xx:xx–xx:xx
- Bonus Material: The Making of Fantasia 2000 at 36:27–36:43
- Bonus Material: The Making of Fantasia 2000 at 36:44–37:18
- Berardinelli 2005, pp. 55–56.
- Banagale 2014, p. 153.
- "Fantasia 2000". Soundtrack.net. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
- Bonus Material: The Making of Fantasia 2000 at xx:xx–xx:xx
- Culhane 1999, p. 177.
- Bonus Material: The Making of Fantasia 2000 at 35:27–35:54
- Bonus Material: The Making of Fantasia 2000 at 39:15–39:42
- Culhane 1999, p. 15.
- Culhane 1999, p. 14.
- Segment Directors Audio Commentary at 5:08–5:22
- Segment Directors Audio Commentary at 29:38–29:50
- Supplemental Features: The Interstitials: Creating the Interstitials at 02:19–03:36
- Culhane 1999, p. 17.
- Culhane 1999, p. 16.
- Segment Directors Audio Commentary at 16:06–16:24
- Frankel, Daniel (February 10, 1999). "Disney's "Fantasia 2000" going Imax". E! Online. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
- Matthews, Jack (December 17, 1999). "'Fantasia 2000' grows to IMAX height". New York Daily News. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
- Liberman, Paul (December 20, 1999). "Disney Unwraps 'Fantasia' Sequel, After a Long Spell". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 6, 2011.
- Cowan, Rob (December 23, 1999). "Return of the Sorcerer's Apprentice". The Independent (London). Retrieved May 7, 2011.
- Disney Magazine, Fall 1999 Collector's Issue.
- Dutka, Elaine (January 3, 2000). "'Fantasia/2000' New Year's Eve Gala Draws an Artistic Crowd". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
- Stewart 2006, p. 346–347.
- Zager, Michael (2012). Music Production: For Producers, Composers, Arrangers, and Students.
- Noxon, Christopher (December 7, 1999). "L.A. Imax Says No, So Disney Builds Its Own Huge Screen". Los Angeles Times.
- "News Beat - 'Fantasia' B.O. fantastic". New York Daily News. January 5, 2000. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
- "'Fantasia/2000' smashes house records at IMAX theaters worldwide in its opening weekend". Business Wire. January 3, 2000. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
- "'Fantasia/2000' orchestrates nearly $4 million in just three days at 75 IMAX theaters worldwide". Business Wire. January 4, 2000. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
- Watson, Pernell (May 26, 2000). "Fantasia/2000' coming to regular theatres soon". Daily Press. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
- Natale, Richard (June 19, 2000). "Audiences Dig 'Shaft,' but June Business Isn't Right On". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
- Bramburger, Bradley (January 8, 2000). "Classical: Keeping Score". Billboard: 33. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
- "Top Classical Albums". Billboard: 37. July 8, 2000. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
- "Child's Play: 'Thomas' Film Soundtrack on Track". Billboard: 71. July 15, 2000. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
- Billboard, 16 Sep 2000
- Perigard, Mark (November 12, 2000). "ON DVD; Disc additions enhance `Fantasia' celebration". Boston Herald. Retrieved February 6, 2011.
- "Fantasia & Fantasia 2000: 2-Movie Collection Special Edition". Ultimate Disney/DVDizzy. September 1, 2010. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- "Fantasia/Fantasia 2000 2 Movie Collection Special Edition". Disney DVD. Retrieved March 18, 2011.
- "Fantasia 2000 - Rotten Tomatoes". Retrieved January 20, 2013.
- "Legacy: 28th Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (2000)". International Animated Film Society. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- "And the nominees are...". Ocala Star-Banner. p. 5D. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- Banagale, Ryan (2014). Arranging Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue and the Creation of an American Icon. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-1999-7840-3.
- Berardinelli, James (2005). ReelViews 2: The Ultimate Guide to the Best 1,000 Modern Movies on DVD and Video. Justin, Charles & Co. ISBN 978-1-9321-1240-5.
- Culhane, John (1999). Fantasia 2000: Visions of Hope. Disney Editions. ISBN 0-7868-6198-3.
- Previn, André (1991). No Minor Chords: My Days in Hollywood. Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-3854-1341-1.
- Holden, Stephen (2001). The New York Times Film Reviews 1999-2000. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-4159-3696-5.
- Solomon, Charles (1995). Disney That Never Was: The Stories and Art of Five Decades of Unproduced Animation. Hyperion. ISBN 978-0-7868-6037-1.
- Stewart, James B. (2006). DisneyWar: The Battle for the Magic Kingdom. Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0-7434-9600-1.
- DVD media
- Donald W. Ernst (prod.), Roy E. Disney (prod.), James Levine (cond.) (November 14, 2000). The Fantasia Anthology: Fantasia 2000—Audio Commentary (Ernst, Disney, Levine) (DVD). Disc 2 of 3. Burbank, CA: Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment. UPC 786936163872.
- Various segment directors (November 14, 2000). The Fantasia Anthology: Fantasia 2000—Audio Commentary (Segment Directors) (DVD). Disc 2 of 3. Burbank, CA: Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment. UPC 786936163872.
- Various cast and crew members (November 14, 2000). The Fantasia Anthology: Fantasia 2000—The Making of Fantasia 2000 (DVD). Disc 2 of 3. Burbank, CA: Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment. UPC 786936163872.
- Various cast and crew members (November 14, 2000). The Fantasia Legacy—Supplemental Features (DVD). Disc 3 of 3. Burbank, CA: Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment. UPC 786936163872.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Fantasia 2000|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fantasia 2000.|
- Official website
- Fantasia 2000 at the Internet Movie Database
- Fantasia 2000 at the TCM Movie Database
- Fantasia 2000 at AllMovie
- Fantasia 2000 at Rotten Tomatoes
- Fantasia 2000 at Box Office Mojo
- Fantasia 2000 at the Big Cartoon DataBase