Far Eastern Federal District
Far Eastern Federal District
Дальневосточный федеральный округ
Location of the Far Eastern Federal District
|Established||18 May 2000|
|• Presidential Envoy||Yury Trutnev|
|• Total||6,952,600 km2 (2,684,400 sq mi)|
|Area rank||1st of 8 (40,6% of the country)|
|• Rank||8th of 8 (5,6 % of the country)|
|• Density||1.2/km2 (3.1/sq mi)|
|Buryatia||UTC+08:00 (Irkutsk Time)|
|Amur Oblast, Zabaykalsky Krai and most of the Sakha Republic (excluding districts in UTC+10:00 and UTC+11:00 time zones)||UTC+09:00 (Yakutsk Time)|
|Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai, and the Oymyakonsky, Ust-Yansky and Verkhoyansky districts of the Sakha Republic||UTC+10:00 (Vladivostok Time)|
|Magadan Oblast, Sakhalin Oblast, and the Abyysky, Allaikhovsky, Momsky, Nizhnekolymsky, Srednekolymsky and Verkhnekolymsky districts of the Sakha Republic||UTC+11:00 (Magadan Time)|
|Chukotka and Kamchatka Krai||UTC+12:00 (Kamchatka Time)|
|Federal subjects||11 contained|
|Economic regions||1 contained|
very high · 4th
The Far Eastern Federal District (Russian: Дальневосто́чный федера́льный о́круг, Dalnevostochny federalny okrug) is the largest of the eight federal districts of Russia but the least populated, with a population of 8,371,257 (75.5% urban) according to the 2010 Census. The entire federal district lies within the easternmost part of Asia and covers the territory of the Russian Far East.
The Far Eastern Federal District was established on May 18, 2000, by President Vladimir Putin and is currently being governed by presidential envoy Yury Trutnev. In November 2018, Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai were added to the federal district. The seat of the Far Eastern Federal District was moved from Khabarovsk to Vladivostok in December 2018.
|#||Flag||Federal subject||Area in
|2||Republic of Buryatia||351,300||971,021||Ulan-Ude|
|3||Jewish Autonomous Oblast||36,300||176,558||Birobidzhan|
|11||Chukotka Autonomous Okrug||721,500||50,526||Anadyr|
Largest cities (with population over 75,000)
There are 82 cities in the Far Eastern Federal District, and 14 cities have populations over 75,000.
Only four of these 14 cities (Komsomolsk-on-Amur (6th) in Khabarovsk Krai, Ussuriysk (10th), Nakhodka (11th), Artyom (12th) in Primorsky Krai) are not administrative centres of a federal subject. Anadyr, the centre of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, is one of the smallest centres of a federal subject (it has only 13,045 inhabitants). Only Magas, and Ingushetia is smaller than Anadyr.
Artyom is a large suburb of the Vladivostok metropolitan area.
Populations are given as of the 2010 Census:
- Vladivostok: 592,034
- Khabarovsk: 577,441
- Ulan-Ude: 404,426
- Chita: 324,444
- Yakutsk: 269,601
- Komsomolsk-on-Amur: 263,906
- Blagoveshchensk: 214,309
- Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk: 181,728
- Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: 179,780
- Nakhodka: 148,826
- Artyom: 102,603
- Magadan: 95,982
- Birobidzhan: 75,413
According to a 2012 survey 27.4% of the population of the current federal subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District (including Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai) adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 5.0% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1.4% is an Orthodox believer without belonging to any church or adheres to other (non-Russian) Orthodox churches, 3.3% is an adherant of Buddhism, 0.7% is an adherent of Islam, and 2.2% adhere to some native faith such as Rodnovery, Tengrism, Yellow shamanism, or Black shamanism. In addition, 27.0% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 23.5% is atheist, and 9.5% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.
Presidential plenipotentiary envoys to the Far Eastern Federal District
- Konstantin Pulikovsky (18 May 2000 – 14 November 2005)
- Kamil Iskhakov (14 November 2005 – 2 October 2007)
- Oleg Safonov (30 November 2007 – 30 April 2009)
- Viktor Ishayev (30 April 2009 – 30 August 2013)
- Yury P. Trutnev (31 August 2013 – present)
- Far North (Russia)
- Far Eastern economic region
- Eastern Military District
- Far Eastern Republic
- Northeast China
- Outer Manchuria
- "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators - 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved March 18, 2020.
- "Far Eastern Federal District, Russia Guide". russiatrek.org. Retrieved May 26, 2019.
- "Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации". publication.pravo.gov.ru. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
- meduza.io https://meduza.io/news/2018/12/13/putin-perenes-stolitsu-dalnevostochnogo-federalnogo-okruga-vo-vladivostok. Retrieved December 13, 2018. Missing or empty
- Подписано соглашение о создании Владивостокской агломерации (in Russian)
- "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
- 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), August 27, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2017. Archived.
- Meeting of Frontiers: Siberia, Alaska, and the American West (includes materials on Russian Far East) (in English and Russian)
- Unofficial website of the Far Eastern Federal District (in Russian)