Far Rockaway Branch

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Far Rockaway Branch
LIRR Train 2820 leaves Cedarhurst.jpg
Far Rockaway Branch train 2820 departing Cedarhurst Station.
Overview
TypeCommuter rail
SystemLong Island Rail Road
StatusOperational
LocaleQueens and Nassau County, New York, USA
TerminiValley Stream
Far Rockaway
Stations7
Services
Operation
Opened1869 (as part of South Side Railroad of Long Island)
OwnerLong Island Rail Road
Operator(s)Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Technical
Number of tracks2
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification750 V (DC) third rail
Route map

Atlantic Branch
to Atlantic Terminal
Main Line
to Penn Station & Long Island City
AirTrain JFK
to JFK Airport
10.8 mi
17.4 km
Jamaica
"E" train​ ​"J" train"Z" train
11.7 mi
18.8 km
Locust Manor
13.1 mi
21.1 km
Laurelton
Montauk Branch
via St. Albans
13.8 mi
22.2 km
Rosedale
Queens/Nassau border
Zone 3
Zone 4
15.7 mi
25.3 km
Valley Stream
18.6 mi
29.9 km
Gibson
19.5 mi
31.4 km
Hewlett
20.1 mi
32.3 km
Woodmere
20.9 mi
33.6 km
Cedarhurst
21.8 mi
35.1 km
Lawrence
22.0 mi
35.4 km
Inwood
Nassau/Queens border
22.8 mi
36.7 km
Far Rockaway
closed 1955
closed 1955
closed 1955
closed 1955
closed 1955
"A" trainRockaway Park Shuttle
closed 1955
closed 1955
closed 1955
closed 1955
Distances shown from Pennsylvania Station.

The Far Rockaway Branch is an electrified rail line and service owned and operated by the Long Island Rail Road in the U.S. state of New York. The branch begins at Valley Interlocking, just east of Valley Stream station. From Valley Stream, the line heads south and southwest through southwestern Nassau County, ending at Far Rockaway in Queens, thus reentering New York City. LIRR maps and schedules indicate that the Far Rockaway Branch service continues west along the Atlantic Branch to Jamaica.[1][2] This two-track branch provides all day service in both directions to the Atlantic Terminal (at Flatbush Avenue) in Brooklyn, with limited weekday peak service to/from Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan. During peak hours, express service may bypass Jamaica station.

History[edit]

The Far Rockaway Branch initially extended west to Rockaway Park. In 1887, a connection was built to the Rockaway Beach Branch at Hammels, and the older Far Rockaway Branch was abandoned west of Hammels.[3]
LIRR train at the existing terminus in Far Rockaway.

Opening[edit]

The South Side Railroad (SSRLI) built the branch in 1869 under a subsidiary called the Far Rockaway Branch Railroad. While constructing it in summer 1869, the company installed about 700 feet (200 m) of tracks across William B. McManus's farmland near Lawrence. However, the transaction had not been completed, and McManus and some friends tore up the track the next night; after a legal battle, the company paid McManus.[4]:30 The same year, the South Side established a subsidiary named the Hempstead and Rockaway Railroad (H&R) designed to connect the line to the up-and-coming Southern Hempstead Branch. The H&R was dissolved in 1871.

Expansion[edit]

Due to the success of the branch, the South Side built the 200-foot (60 m) South Side Pavilion, a restaurant on the beach at what is today Beach 30th Street. With an additional subsidiary known as the Rockaway Railway (1871-1872; Not to be confused with the Rockaway Village Railroad), the line was extended west to the Seaside House (Beach 103rd Street) in 1872 and Neptune House (Beach 116th Street) in 1875.[4]:30-32 The Far Rockaway Branch, along with the rest of the South Side Railroad, was acquired by the Long Island Rail Road in 1876.

Two stations on the branch were built as Arverne, both of which were built by Remington Vernam. The first of which was in 1888 at Gaston Avenue (Beach 67th Street). It had a large tower, was shaped like a Victorian hotel and had a connection to the Ocean Electric Railway, as did much of the Rockaway Beach and Far Rockaway branches. Due to a quarrel between the LIRR and Vernam, another Arverne Station was built at Straiton Avenue in 1892. From then on, the original Arverne station was known as Arverne-Gaston Avenue to distinguish it from the Arverne-Straiton Avenue.[5]

In 1908, the line between Cedarhurst and Far Rockaway was triple-tracked.[6]:19 During the early 1940s, the right-of-way was relocated from a ground-level routing to a concrete trestle. The ROW crossed Mott Avenue in Far Rockaway and returned to ground level, passing over Nameoke Street, continuing to Gibson Station and ascending back on a trestle to Valley Stream.

End of Jamaica Bay service[edit]

Until 1950 trains from Penn Station could leave the Main Line at Whitepot Junction (40°43′31″N 73°51′39″W / 40.7254°N 73.8608°W / 40.7254; -73.8608) and head south past the Atlantic Branch connection at Woodhaven Junction (40°41′14″N 73°50′36″W / 40.6871°N 73.8433°W / 40.6871; -73.8433) to the Hammels Wye at 40°35′29″N 73°48′32″W / 40.5913°N 73.8088°W / 40.5913; -73.8088, turning right there to Rockaway Park or left to Valley Stream and Jamaica and maybe on to Penn Station. Frequent fires and maintenance problems, notably a May 23, 1950 fire between Broad Channel and The Raunt, led the LIRR to abandon the Queens portion of the route on October 3, 1955, which was acquired by the city to become the IND Rockaway Line, with service provided by the A train.[7] Most Queens stations along the former Far Rockaway and Rockaway Beach Branches reopened as subway stations on June 28, 1956,[8] the exception being Far Rockaway–Mott Avenue station, which was split between the NYCTA and LIRR on January 16, 1958.[9]

Recent changes[edit]

Between the late 1960s and 1990s, various stations along the Far Rockaway Branch were given high-level platforms in order to accommodate modern M1, M3, and M7 railcars.

The Far Rockaway Branch has the distinction of containing the oldest surviving railroad station on Long Island, and the only existing building constructed by an LIRR predecessor, specifically Hewlett. In 2003, the LIRR closed that station replacing it with a new one diagonally across the railroad crossing on Franklin Avenue; however, the original SSRLI Depot has remained intact.

Stations[edit]

Zone Station Miles (km)
from NYP[10]
Date
opened
Date
closed
Connections / notes
1 For continuing service to points west, see City Terminal Zone
3 Jamaica 11.2 (18.0) 1876 BSicon BAHN.svg LIRR; Atlantic, Babylon, Belmont Park, Hempstead, Long Beach, Montauk, Oyster Bay,
Port Jefferson, Ronkonkoma, and West Hempstead Branches
BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: "E" train​ ​"J" train"Z" train (at Sutphin Boulevard–Archer Avenue–JFK Airport)
Bus transport NYCT Bus: Q20A, Q20B, Q24, Q30, Q31, Q43, Q44 SBS, Q54, Q56
Bus transport MTA Bus: Q6, Q8, Q9, Q25, Q34, Q40, Q41, Q60, Q65
Bus transport NICE Bus: n4
BSicon TRAM.svg AirTrain JFK: Jamaica Station Route
Jamaica-Beaver Street 1867 1913
Cedar Manor 1906 1959
Locust Manor 14.1 (22.7) 1869 Bus transport NYCT Bus: Q3 (to JFK Airport), Q85, QM21
Higbie Avenue 1908 1960
Laurelton 15.0 (24.1) 1907[11] Bus transport NYCT Bus: Q77, Q85
Rosedale 15.9 (25.6) 1870[12] Bus transport NYCT Bus: Q5, Q85, X63
Queens/Nassau county line
4 Valley Stream Handicapped/disabled access 17.6 (28.3) 1869[12] BSicon BAHN.svg LIRR: Long Beach and West Hempstead Branches
Bus transport NICE Bus: n1, Elmont Flexi
Gibson Handicapped/disabled access 18.5 (29.8) 1928 Bus transport NICE Bus: n1
Hewlett Handicapped/disabled access 19.4 (31.2) 1869[12] Bus transport NICE Bus: n1, n31, n32
Originally Cedar Grove, then Hewletts
Woodmere Handicapped/disabled access 20.0 (32.2) 1869[12] Bus transport NICE Bus: n31, n32
Cedarhurst Handicapped/disabled access 20.9 (33.6) 1869 Bus transport NICE Bus: n31, n32
Lawrence Handicapped/disabled access 21.7 (34.9) 1869[12] Bus transport NICE Bus: n31, n32
Inwood Handicapped/disabled access 22.1 (35.6) 1905 Bus transport NICE Bus: n31, n32
Originally Westville
Nassau/Queens county line
Far Rockaway Handicapped/disabled access 22.7 (36.5) 1869[12] Bus transport NICE Bus: n31, n32, n33
Bus transport NYCT Bus: Q22, Q113, QM17
BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: "A" train (at Far Rockaway–Mott Avenue)
The following stations were part of the segment that was abandoned in 1955; many of them were reopened as subway stations on the IND Rockaway Line in 1956.
Wavecrest 1928 1955 BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: "A" train (at Beach 25th Street)
South Side Pavilion 1955
Edgemere 1895 1955 BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: "A" train (at Beach 36th Street)
Frank Avenue 1922 1955 BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: "A" train (at Beach 44th Street)
Straiton Avenue 1892 1955 BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: "A" train (at Beach 60th Street)
Originally Arverne–Straiton Avenue
Gaston Avenue 1888 1955 BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: "A" train (at Beach 67th Street)
Originally Arverne, then Arverne–Gaston Avenue
Eldert's Grove 1872 1887 Replaced by NYW&R-built Hammels (1880)
Holland's 1880 1955 BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: "A" trainRockaway Park Shuttle (at Beach 90th Street)
Sea Side House 1880 1955 BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: "A" trainRockaway Park Shuttle (at Beach 105th Street)
Originally Seaside
Neptune House 1882 1955 BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: "A" trainRockaway Park Shuttle (at Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street)
Originally Rockaway Beach, then Rockaway Park
Atlantic Park 1955

References[edit]

  1. ^ MTA LIRR - LIRR Map
  2. ^ LIRR Far Rockaway Branch Timetable
  3. ^ "The Long Island Rail Road: A Comprehensive History Volume #5(New York, Woodhaven & Rockaway Railroad; New York & Rockaway Beach railway; New York & Long Beach Railroad; New York & Rockaway railroad; Brooklyn rapid transit operation to Rockaway; Over L.I.R.R.)", by Vincent F. Seyfried
  4. ^ a b Ron Ziel and George H. Foster, Steel Rails to the Sunrise, ©1965
  5. ^ LIRR Station History Archived January 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ The Long Island Railroad Twenty-Seventh Annual Report For The Year Ending December 31st, 1908. Long Island Railroad Company. 1909.
  7. ^ "Fifty Years of Subway Service to the Rockaways". New York Division Bulletin. New York Division, Electric Railroaders' Association. 49 (6). June 2006. Retrieved August 31, 2016 – via Issuu.
  8. ^ Freeman, Ira Henry (June 28, 1956). "Rockaway Trains to Operate Today" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
  9. ^ "New Subway Unit Ready: Far Rockaway IND Terminal Will Be Opened Today" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. January 16, 1958. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
  10. ^ Station pages linked from LIRR Stations Archived 2014-09-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Long Island Railroad Station History (TrainsAreFun.com) Archived January 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ a b c d e f Vincent F. Seyfried, The Long Island Rail Road: A Comprehensive History, Part One: South Side R.R. of L.I., © 1961

External links[edit]

Route map:

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