Farakka (community development block)

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Farakka
ফারাক্কা সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Community development block
Farakka is located in West Bengal
Farakka
Farakka
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 24°47′51″N 87°54′51″E / 24.7976°N 87.9143°E / 24.7976; 87.9143Coordinates: 24°47′51″N 87°54′51″E / 24.7976°N 87.9143°E / 24.7976; 87.9143
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Murshidabad
Area
 • Total 132.74 km2 (51.25 sq mi)
Elevation 32 m (105 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 274,111
 • Density 2,100/km2 (5,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates 134,650 (59.75%)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 742212 (Farakka Project)
742202 (Dhuliyan)
Telephone/STD code 03485
Vehicle registration WB 57, WB 58
Lok Sabha constituency Maldaha Dakshin
Vidhan Sabha constituency Samserganj, Farakka
Website murshidabad.gov.in

Farakka is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Jangipur subdivision of Murshidabad district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Farakka police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Farakka. It is located 100 km from Baharampur, the district headquarters.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Farakka is located at 24°47′51″N 87°54′51″E / 24.7976°N 87.9143°E / 24.7976; 87.9143

Farakka CD Block is bounded by Kaliachak III CD Block, across the Ganges in Malda district, in the north, Barhawarwa CD Block in Sahibganj district of Jharkhand, in the west, Pakur CD Block in the south and Samserganj CD Block in the east.[1]

Area[edit]

Farakka CD Block has an area of 132.74 km2.[2][3]

Physical features[edit]

The Bhagirathi divides the district into two parts namely Bagri on the east and Rahr on the west. The Padma separates the district from Malda district, and Chapai Nawabganj and Rajshahi districts of Bangladesh.[4]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats in Farakka block/ panchayat samiti are: Arjunpur, Bahadurpur, Beniagram, Bewa I, Bewa II, Imamnagar, Mahadevnagar, Maheshpur and Nayansukhi.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Farakka CD Block had a total population of 274,111, of which 167,826 were rural and 106,285 were urban. There were 139,226 (51%) males and 134,885 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 225,344. Scheduled Castes numbered 32,689 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 5,165.[6]

As per 2001 census, Farakka block has a total population of 219,775, out of which 112,447 were males and 107,328 were females. Farakka block registered a population growth of 24.13 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 23.70 per cent.[2]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[7]

Census towns and large villages[edit]

Census towns in Farakka CD Block were (2011 figures in brackets}: Farakka Barrage Township (20,126), Srimantapur (P) (4,374), Benia Gram (15,046), Arjunpur (6,042), Sibnagar (6,812), Memrejpur (9,851), Pranpara (22,297) and Mahadebnagar (21,737).[6]

Large villages in Farakka CD Block were (2011 figures in brackets}: Bahadurpur (4,079), Uttar Bhabanipur (5,509), Bewa (P) (15,265), Andhua (4,090), Sri Rampur (4,848), Jafarganj (12,114), Ballalpur (7,117), Imamnagar (6,933), Kuli (28,092), Bhabanipur (11,465), Sankarpur (4,411) and Jigrikulgachhi (6,004).[6]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Farakka CD Block was 134,650 (59.75% of the population above 6 years) out of which 74,957 (56%) were males and 59,693 (44%) were females.[6]

As per 2011 census, literacy in Murshidabad district was 66.59.[8]Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[9]Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[9]

Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[1]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Main cops cultivated are paddy, jute, potato, onion, garlic and brinjal. The source of water is ponds and tubewells. Famous fruits are mango, litchi and jackfruit.

Agriculture is the main occupation. Women are mainly beedi workers. Beedi is the largest small-scale industry.

Farakka Super Thermal Power Station[edit]

Six units of the 2,100 MW Farakka Super Thermal Power Station, owned by NTPC Limited, were commissioned between 1986 and 2011.[10]A major coal mining project of Eastern Coalfields Limited (Rajmahal open cast project, a part of Rajmahal coalfield) is going on in Boarijore, Mahagama and Sunderpahari CD Blocks of Godda district in Jharkhand.[11]Rajmahal open cast project (earlier known as Lalmatia Colliery) supplies coal to the Farakka Super Thermal Power Station and the 2,340 MW Kahalgaon Super Thermal Power Station.[12]

Transport[edit]

NH 34 passes through Farakka block. NH 80 connects Farakka and Mokama.

New Farakka railway station is served by Howrah-New Jalpaiguri line and Barharwa-Azimganj-Katwa loop. The 2,240 metres (7,350 ft) long Farakka Barrage carries a rail-cum-road bridge across the Ganges. The rail bridge was thrown open to the public in 1971, thereby linking the towns of Murshidabad district and South Bengal to Malda Town railway station, New Jalpaiguri railway station and other railway stations in North Bengal.[13][14]

Healthcare[edit]

Farakka block is one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Farakka Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – Mushidabad district. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook – 2004 – Murshidabad" (PDF). Tables 2.1, 2.2, 4.5. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 April 2016. 
  4. ^ "Murshidabad". Geography. Murshidabad district. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  5. ^ "BRGF Allotment Order No. 12" (PDF). Government of West Bengal Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-12. 
  8. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  10. ^ "NTPC". Power Generation – Coal-based power stations. NTPC. Retrieved 12 February 2016. 
  11. ^ "Godda District Official website". Profile. Godda district administration. Retrieved 12 February 2016. 
  12. ^ "Raj Mahal Coal Mines". Source Watch. Retrieved 12 February 2016. 
  13. ^ Salman, Salman M. A.; Uprety, Kishor (2002). Conflict and cooperation on South Asia's international rivers: a legal perspective. World Bank Publications. pp. 135–136. ISBN 978-0-8213-5352-3. Retrieved 2011-07-05. 
  14. ^ R.P.Saxena. "Indian Railway History timeline". Retrieved 2011-11-20. 
  15. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". SOES. Retrieved 2011-02-17.