Farasan Islands

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Farasan Islands is located in Saudi Arabia
Farasan Islands
Approximate location of Farasan Islands
Farasan Islands viewed from the International Space Station

The Farasan Islands (Arabic: جزر فرسان‎‎; transliterated: Juzur Farasān) are a large coral-island group in the Red Sea, belonging to Saudi Arabia. The islands are located some 40 km offshore from Jizan, in the far southwestern part of the country, at 16°48′N 41°54′E / 16.800°N 41.900°E / 16.800; 41.900Coordinates: 16°48′N 41°54′E / 16.800°N 41.900°E / 16.800; 41.900. The largest island of the archipelago is Farasan Island; others include Sajid Island and Zufaf Island.

Nature[edit]

The "Farasan island marine sanctuary" is a protected area and were home to the extinct Arabian gazelle and, in winter, migratory birds from Europe.[1] Oceanic animals include mantas,[2] whale sharks,[3] several species sea turtles including endangered and critically endangered green and hawksbill, dugongs,[2] and several species of dolphins and whales with occasional visits by others such as orcas.[4][5][6][7]

Economy[edit]

In the 1st Century AD, the islands were known as Portus Ferresanus. A Latin inscription dating from 144 CE has been found on the island which attests to the construction of a Roman garrison. It is believed that the islands may have been attached to the province of Arabia Felix, before being transferred to Aegyptus some time before 144 CE. [8]

In 1919, the French discovered petroleum on the islands. For 75 years the Red Sea Oilfields Company maintained a refinery on the islands.[9] As of 1920, the Farasan Islands supported a small fishing industry.[10]

Tourism and fishing also play a role in the economy. Farasan Island is connected to Jezan port by ferry.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ JAZAN PROVINCE – General Information
  2. ^ a b Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation. 2006. Science Diary – 8 May 2006. Retrieved on April 14, 2017
  3. ^ Farasan Islands
  4. ^ Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation. 2006. Science Diary – 7 May 2006. Retrieved on April 14, 2017
  5. ^ Hoyt E.. 2012. Marine Protected Areas for Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises: A World Handbook for Cetacean Habitat Conservation and Planning. The Routledge. Retrieved on April 14, 2017
  6. ^ Babbington J.. 2013. Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin – Offshore Farasan Islands. Birds of Saudi Arabia. Retrieved on April 14, 2017
  7. ^ علي رويني 2.654.258. 2017. ظهور الحوت القاتل في جزيرة فرسان - جزيرة سلوبه يعرف عنه اصطياد فرائسه من الشاطىء المقطع الاول. Youtube. Retrieved on April 14, 2017
  8. ^ New inscriptions from Saudi Arabia and the extent of Roman rule along the Red Sea.2014.[1]. Retrieved on May 6, 2017
  9. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Arabia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 99. 
  10. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Arabia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 18. 

External links[edit]