Descendants of Hazrat Bābā Farīduddīn Mas'ūd Ganjshakar, the Sufi Saint of Pak Patan in Pakistan. Most Fareedis live in Pakistan while some have moved to what is India now, mostly in the province of Uttar Pradesh, basically Badayun region. From there some moved forward to Bangladesh.
Most Fareedis carry the name Farooqi but some carry the name Fareedi or Faridi. Some even carry the name Masudi or Masoodi. Those in charge of Baba Farid's carry the title Diwan in addition to the name Farooqi.
Fareedis or Faridi in South India
During the early days of the State of Hyderabad, the Fareedis came to Kannahar which was later named Kandahar after the conquest by Nizam's army which included Pethans from Kandahar. The Nizam appointed them judges, ombudsmen, and aldermen due to their ancestary with Caliph Umer Bin Khattab who was known as Farooq for his judgement. These judges were based in Parbhani but were spread in neighboring areas of Bhoker, Basmatnagar, and Palam. A detailed history can be found in the royal Nizam archives and the books "Mashaheer-e-Qandhar" (Nobles of Kandahar) and "Khandan-e-Beed" (Families of Beed).
Fictional character Fareedi
Famous Urdu crime fiction novelist Ibn-e-Safi created a character called Ahmad Kamal Faridi which became very popular in the second half of twentieth century among Urdu readership. However Ibn-e-Safi shows him as an Afridi and also a descendant of Genghis Khan. Afridis are Pashtuns in the tribal areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan while Fareedis claim their lineage of Caliph Umar.
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