Farewell of Slavianka

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Прощание славянки
English: Farewell of Slavianka
Proshchanie1.jpg
The cover of one of the first editions of the Farewell of Slavianka notes

Regional anthem of Tambov Oblast
Also known as Гимн Тамбовской области
English: Anthem of Tambov Oblast
Lyrics Vasily Agapkin, 1912
Music Vasily Agapkin
Adopted 1937

Farewell of Slavianka (Russian: Прощание славянкиProshchaniye slavyanki) is a Russian patriotic march, written by the composer Vasily Agapkin in honour of the Slavic women accompanying their husbands in the First Balkan War.[1] The march was written and premiered in Tambov in the end of 1912. In summer of 1915 it was released as a gramophone single in Kiev. Slavyanka means "Slavic woman".

History[edit]

The melody gained popularity in Russia and adjoining countries during World War I, when the Russian soldiers left their homes accompanied by this music. This march was performed also during parade of 7 November 1941 on the Red Square, after which soldiers went straight to fight in Battle of Moscow.[2] This march was also used as an unofficial anthem of Admiral Kolchak's White Army.

It was commonly believed that prior to its use in the award-winning 1957 film The Cranes Are Flying, the song was banned in the Soviet Union due to lyrics about banned subjects. Due to its popularity and quality, the Communist authorities adopted the song; however, only after significant changes were made to its lyrics. The original text, which sings about Russian patriotism, religion, and culture was not acceptable under the Soviet Union regime. It was originally published by Zimmerman Production Association around 1912.[3] This march was published in an official collection of music for Red Army orchestras,[4] and it was recorded in the early 1940s by a military orchestra under Ivan Petrov (1906–1975), though different lyrics were used during that time. There are lyrics which are usually sung by the Red Army choir today.

Subsequently, several Russian and Polish composers have written lyrics for this music. During World War II in German occupied Poland an adapted "underground" version of the song, Rozszumiały się wierzby płaczące ("Weeping willows began to hum") became popular, among anti Nazi partisans, based on lyrics by Roman Ślęzak.[citation needed]

During the 1990s, the Yabloko party lobbied for the march to be adopted as the National Anthem of Russia, but without success.[5]

"Farewell of Slavyanka" was first used in movies in The Cranes Are Flying. It has also featured in the film Charlie Wilson's War which is set around the Soviet war in Afghanistan and in the Russian movies 72 Meters (72 метра) and Prisoner of the Mountains.

A Hebrew version was written in 1945 by singer/songwriter Haim Hefer for the Palmach. In his version of the song, called בין גבולות‬ (Between borders), Hefer coined the phrase אָנוּ פֹּה חוֹמַת מָגֵן‬ (We are here a defensive wall) used by Israel Defense Forces when naming Operation Defensive Shield (literally "Operation Defensive Wall") in 2002.[6]

Lyrics[edit]

1970[edit]

The Farewell of Slavianka first received official lyrics under the Soviet leadership, which were appropriate for the political climate at the time. The part about Russian culture, religion, and patriotism was changed. It was made by Aleksandr Galich. The first version made under the Soviet Union (1941), didn't mention about the Battle of Berlin. The later version (1970), mentioned it.

Lyrics for the 1970 version
Russian Transliteration (BGN/PCGN) Literal Translation
Этот марш не смолкал на перронах

В дни, когда полыхал горизонт.

С ним отцов наших в дымных вагонах

Поезда увозили на фронт.

Etot marsh nye smolkal na perronakh

V dni, kogda polykhal gorizont.

S nim otsov nashikh v dymnykh vagonakh

Poezda uvozili na front.

This march did not recede

When the foe clouded the horizon

With it, our fathers, in clouded railcars

Were brought to the front by trains.

Он Москву отстоял в сорок первом,

В сорок пятом шагал на Берлин,

Он солдатом прошёл до Победы

По дорогам нелёгких годин.

On Moskvu otstoyal v sorok pervom

V sorok pyatom shagal na Berlin

On soldatom proshol do Pobedy

Po dorogam nelyogkikh godin.

It preserved Moscow in '41, took the Winter Palace in '17

In '45, it marched on Berlin

It followed the soldier to victory

Through the roads of tough years.

И если в поход

Страна позовёт,

За край наш родной

Мы все пойдём в священный бой!

I yesli v pokhod

strana pozovyot

za kray nash rodnoy

My vse poydyom v svyashchenny boy

And if the country

Calls us to war

For our motherland

We all shall march to sacred war!

Шумят в полях хлеба.

Шагает Отчизна моя

К высотам счастья,

Сквозь все ненастья,

Дорогой мира и труда.

Shumyat v polyakh khleba

Shagaet Otchizna moya

K vysotam schast'ya

Skvoz' vse nenast'ya

Dorogoy mira i truda

Wheat rustles in the fields

My Motherland marches,

To the heights of joy

Through all misfortunes

On the path of peace and labour

1984[edit]

This version of lyrics is written by Vladimir Lazarev in 1984 and it has gained the popularity since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 because of the slower tempo and the added human fragility factor ("Farewell, fatherland, remember us, ... ... not all of us will come back. ...").

Lyrics for the 1984 version
Russian Transliteration (BGN/PCGN) Literal Translation
Наступает минута прощания,

Ты глядишь мне тревожно в глаза,

И ловлю я родное дыхание,

А вдали уже дышит гроза.

Nastupayet minuta proshchaniya,

Ty glyadish' mne trevozhno v glaza,

I lovlyu ya rodnoye dykhaniye,

A vdali uzhe dyshit groza.

The minute of farewell begins

You look into my eyes with anxiety.

I catch your dear breath,

And a storm is forming far away already.

Дрогнул воздух туманный и синий,

И тревога коснулась висков,

И зовёт нас на подвиг Россия,

Веет ветром от шага полков.

Drognul vozdukh tumannyy i siniy,

I trevoga kosnulas' viskov,

I zovyot nas na podvig Rossiya,

Veyet vetrom ot shaga polkov.

The blue, misty air is trembling,

And anxiety touches my temples,

And Russia calls us for heroic deeds,

One can feel the wind of the marching regiments.

Прощай, отчий край,

Ты нас вспоминай,

Прощай, милый взгляд,

Прости-прощай, прости-прощай

Proshchay, otchiy kray,

Ty nas vspominay,

Proshchay, milyy vzglyad,

Prosti-proshchay, prosti-proshchay

Farewell, homeland,

remember us.

Farewell, familiar faces,

forgiving farewell, forgiving farewell

Прощай, отчий край,

Ты нас вспоминай,

Прощай, милый взгляд,

Не все из нас придут назад.

Proshchay, otchiy kray,

Ty nas vspominay,

Proshchay, milyy vzglyad,

Ne vse iz nas pridut nazad.

Farewell, homeland,

remember us.

Farewell, o dear gaze,

not all of us will come back.

Летят, летят года,

Уходят во мглу поезда,

А в них ? солдаты.

И в небе тёмном

Горит солдатская звезда.

Letyat, letyat goda,

Ukhodyat vo mglu poyezda,

A v nikh ? soldaty.

I v nebe tyomnom

Gorit soldatskaya zvezda.

Fly, fly the years

And trains disappear in the darkness,

And soldiers are in them,

And in the dark sky

Shines the soldier's star.

1997[edit]

A more patriotic version of the march, written by Andrei Mingalyov, was created after the fall of the Soviet Union.

Lyrics for the 1997 version
Russian Transliteration (BGN/PCGN) Literal Translation
Встань за Веру, Русская Земля!

Много песен мы в сердце сложили,

Воспевая родные края

Беззаветно тебя мы любили,

Святорусская наша земля.

Высоко ты главу поднимала –

Словно солнце твой лик воссиял.

Но ты жертвою подлости стала –

Тех, кто предал тебя и продал!

Vstan' za Veru, Russkaya Zemlya!

Mnogo pesen my v serdtse slozhili,

Vospevaya rodnyye kraya

Bezzavetno tebya my lyubili,

Svyatorusskaya nasha zemlya.

Vysoko ty glavu podnimala –

Slovno solntse tvoy lik vossiyal.

No ty zhertvoyu podlosti stala –

Tekh, kto predal tebya i prodal!

Arise for faith, o Russian land!

We composed many a song in our heart,

Glorifying the native land.

We loved you no matter what,

You, our holy Russian land.

You raised your head high,

Your face was shining like the sun.

But you've become a victim of betrayal –

by those who have cheated and sold you!

ПРИПЕВ:
И снова в поход труба нас зовёт.
Мы все встанем в строй
И все пойдём в священный бой.
PRIPEV:
I snova v pokhod truba nas zovyot.
My vse vstanem v stroy
I vse poydyom v svyashchennyy boy.
CHORUS:
And again in march trumpet calls us.
We all stand in order
And go to the holy battle.
Встань за Веру, Русская земля!

Ждут победы России святые.

Отзовись, православная рать!

Где Илья твой и где твой Добрыня?

Сыновей кличет Родина-мать.

Под хоругви мы встанем все смело

Крестным ходом с молитвой пойдём,

За Российское правое дело

Кровь мы русскую честно прольём.

Vstan' za Veru, Russkaya zemlya!

Zhdut pobedy Rossii svyatyye.

Otzovis', pravoslavnaya rat'!

Gde Il'ya tvoy i gde tvoy Dobrynya?

Synovey klichet Rodina-mat'.

Pod khorugvi my vstanem vse smelo

Krestnym khodom s molitvoy poydyom,

Za Rossiyskoye pravoye delo

Krov' my russkuyu chestno prol'yom.

Arise for faith, o Russian land!

The saints awaits Russia's victory.

Respond, o Orthodox host!

Where is your Ilya, where is your Dobrynya?

Mother Homeland is summoning her sons.

We will stand all together under the gonfalons.

And go, praying, as a procession,

For the right cause of Russia

We will shed Russian blood honestly.

ПРИПЕВ:
И снова в поход труба нас зовёт.
Мы все встанем в строй
И все пойдём в священный бой.
PRIPEV:
I snova v pokhod truba nas zovyot.
My vse vstanem v stroy
I vse poydyom v svyashchennyy boy.
CHORUS:
And again in march trumpet calls us.
We all stand in order
And go to the holy battle.
Встань за Веру, Русская Земля!

Все мы – дети великой Державы,

Все мы помним заветы отцов

Ради Родины, Чести и Славы

Не жалей ни себя, ни врагов.

Встань, Россия, из рабского плена,

Дух победы зовёт: в бой, пора!

Подними боевые знамена

Ради Веры, Любви и Добра!

Vstan' za Veru, Russkaya zemlya!

Vse my – deti velikoy Derzhavy,

Vse my pomnim zavety ottsov

Radi Rodiny, Chesti i Slavy

Ne zhaley ni sebya, ni vragov.

Vstan', Rossiya, iz rabskogo plena,

Dukh pobedy zovyot: v boy, pora!

Podnimi boyevyye znamena

Radi Very, Lyubvi i Dobra!

Arise for faith, o Russian land!

We are all children of a great empire,

We all remember the commandments of our fathers:

For the Homeland, Honor, Glory,

Pity neither yourself nor the enemy.

Arise, Russia, from your prison of slavery,

Victory's spirit is called: time to do battle!

Rise your battle flags

For Faith, Love, and Good.

ПРИПЕВ:
И снова в поход труба нас зовёт.
Мы все встанем в строй
И все пойдём в священный бой.
PRIPEV:
I snova v pokhod truba nas zovyot.
My vse vstanem v stroy
I vse poydyom v svyashchennyy boy.
CHORUS:
And again in march trumpet calls us.
We all stand in order
And go to the holy battle.

Tambov Oblast Anthem[edit]

The Farewell of Slavianka melody was used for the Tambov Oblast anthem. The lyrics for the anthem was made on 22 May 2002, by A. Mitrofanov.

Lyrics for the Tambov Oblast Anthem version (2002)
Russian Transliteration (BGN/PCGN) Literal Translation
На просторах бескрайних и синих,

Где берёзы любуются Цной,

В самом сердце великой России

Ты раскинулся, край наш родной.

Полыхали зловеще зарницы,

Но в историю грозных веков

Ты вписал своей славы страницы,

Честь, свободу храня от оков.

Na prostorakh beskraynikh i sinikh,

Gde beryozy lyubuyutsya Tsnoy,

V samom serdtse velikoy Rossii

Ty raskinulsya, kray nash rodnoy.

Polykhali zloveshche zarnitsy,

No v istoriyu groznykh vekov

Ty vpisal svoyey slavy stranitsy,

Chest', svobodu khranya ot okov.

In the expanse of endless and blue,

Where birches are admired by Tsna,

In the heart of the great Russia

You're spread; our home region.

Heat-lightnings are blaze ominously,

But in history of the terrible centuries

You're wrote the pages of your glory,

Keep out of the shackles honor and freedom.

ПРИПЕВ:
Тамбовский наш край,
В веках процветай!
Ты славен людьми,
Храни, Господь, тебя, храни!
PRIPEV:
Tambovskiy nash kray,
V vekakh protsvetay!
Ty slaven lyud'mi,
Khrani, Gospod', tebya, khrani!
CHORUS:
Our Tambov Region,
Rise in the centuries!
You're glory by your people,
The Lord will bless and save you!
И пусть летят года,

Ты с нами, наш край, навсегда.

Здесь родились мы,

И с этим краем

У нас на всех одна судьба.

Здесь родились мы,

И с этим краем

У нас на всех одна судьба.

I pust' letyat goda,

Ty s nami, nash kray, navsegda.

Zdes' rodilis' my,

I s etim krayem

U nas na vsekh odna sud'ba.

Zdes' rodilis' my,

I s etim krayem

U nas na vsekh odna sud'ba.

And let the years are fly,

You're with us, our region, forever.

We're born there,

And with this region

We have one destiny.

We're born there,

And with this region

We have one destiny.

ПРИПЕВ:
Тамбовский наш край,
В веках процветай!
Ты славен людьми,
Храни, Господь, тебя, храни!
PRIPEV:
Tambovskiy nash kray,
V vekakh protsvetay!
Ty slaven lyud'mi,
Khrani, Gospod', tebya, khrani!
CHORUS:
Our Tambov Region,
Rise in the centuries!
You're glory by your people,
The Lord will bless and save you!
С пульсом Родины шаг свой сверяя,

Край любимый наш смотрит вперёд,

Славу верных сынов умножая,

Твёрдой поступью к счастью идёт.

Пусть заметнее будут успехи,

Хорошеет любимый наш край,

На земле благодатной во веки

Цветом яблонь своих расцветай.

S pul'som Rodiny shag svoy sveryaya,

Kray lyubimyy nash smotrit vperyod,

Slavu vernykh synov umnozhaya,

Tvyordoy postup'yu k schast'yu idyot.

Pust' zametneye budut uspekhi,

Khorosheyet lyubimyy nash kray,

Na zemle blagodatnoy vo veki

Tsvetom yablon' svoikh rastsvetay.

You're checked your pulse wiith our Motherland,

Our lovely region are looks forward,

Multiply glory of your sons,

Goes to fortunately by a solid gait.

Let the success be the noticeable,

Our region getting prettier,

On the fertile ground, forever

Were bloom by your flowers of apples.

ПРИПЕВ:
Тамбовский наш край,
В веках процветай!
Ты славен людьми,
Храни, Господь, тебя, храни!
PRIPEV:
Tambovskiy nash kray,
V vekakh protsvetay!
Ty slaven lyud'mi,
Khrani, Gospod', tebya, khrani!
CHORUS:
Our Tambov Region,
Rise in the centuries!
You're glory by your people,
The Lord will bless and save you!

"My Comrade in Death Throes"[edit]

The melody of the song is also used for the poem, of little known authorship, "My Comrade in Death Throes". A sample verse is:

Ты не плачь, не стони, ты не маленький,
Ты не ранен, ты просто убит.
Дай на память сниму с тебя валенки,
Нам еще наступать предстоит.
Don't cry and don't moan, you are not a baby
You are not wounded, you are simply killed.
Let me take off you your valenki,
We are yet to go into an attack.

It was written in December 44 by Ion Degen, World War II tank ace.[7][8]

"Vapaa Venäjä"[edit]

Another version of this song is Vapaa Venäjä. Vapaa Venäjä was composed by the Finnish Red Guards. Its purpose was to serve as a marching song for the Finnish Red Guards.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Василий Агапкин и его марш «Прощание славянки».
  2. ^ Владимир Соколов. "Прощание славянки", Москва, изд. "Советский композитор", 1987
  3. ^ "Василий Агапкин и его марш «Прощание славянки». Публикации. Литературный журнал Москва". Retrieved 9 January 2018. 
  4. ^ Official ceremonial repertoire for orchestras of the Red Army (Russian: Служебно-строевой репертуар для оркестров Красной Армии – Sluzhebno-stroevoy repertuar dlya orkestrov Krasnoy Armii), Moscow, Voenizdat, 1945. The editor of this collection was the great Soviet march composer Semyon Aleksandrovich Chernetskiy (1881–1950), in 1925–1949 – Head of Military Music Service of People's Commissariat of Defense, later Ministry of Armed Forces of the Soviet Union.
  5. ^ "Прощание Славянки". www.stanford.edu. Retrieved 9 January 2018. 
  6. ^ [1] (Hebrew)
  7. ^ "«Ты не ранен, ты просто убит»". Retrieved 9 January 2018. 
  8. ^ "У ПОБЕДЫ ЛИЦО НАСТРАДАВШЕЕСЯ". 2005.novayagazeta.ru. Retrieved 9 January 2018. 

External links[edit]